grad vs grade what difference

what is difference between grad and grade

English

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹæd/
  • Rhymes: -æd

Noun

grad (plural grads)

  1. Abbreviation of graduate.
  2. Abbreviation of graduation.
  3. (geometry, trigonometry) Abbreviation of gradian.

See also

  • deg
  • rad

Etymology 2

Noun

grad (plural grads)

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Grad

Anagrams

  • Gard, darg, drag, gard

Alemannic German

Etymology

From Middle High German gerade, gerat, from Old High German rado (fast, adverb), from rad (fast, adjective), from Proto-Germanic *hradaz (quick, hasty). Cognate with German gerade.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrɑd/

Adverb

grad

  1. now, at the moment
    • 1978, Rolf Lyssy & Christa Maerker, Die Schweizermacher, (transcript):
      Mir si grad am Esse, aber Si gönd gern mitesse, wen Si wend.

      We’re eating at the moment, but you can gladly join us for dinner if you like.
  2. exactly

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡ̊ʁɑðˀ]
  • Homophone: græd

Noun

grad c (singular definite graden, plural indefinite grader)

  1. degree
    i allerhøjeste grad

    to the very highest degree
    til en sådan grad, at

    to such a degree that
  2. degree (180th of pi)
    Drej 90 grader i positiv omløbsretning (mod uret).

    Turn 90 degrees in the positive direction of circumambulation (counterclockwise).
  3. (mostly in compounds) academic degree
    Hun tog en grad i ægyptologi.

    She got a degree in egyptology.

Declension


German

Etymology

Contraction of gerade.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡʁaːt/
  • Rhymes: -aːt

Adverb

grad

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of gerade

Further reading

  • “grad” in Duden online

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch graad, from Middle Dutch graet, from Latin gradus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡrat]
  • Hyphenation: grad

Noun

grad

  1. grade, degree, level
    Synonym: derajat
  2. dignity, prestige
    Synonym: martabat

Further reading

  • “grad” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Luxembourgish

Adverb

grad

  1. just, just now
    Mäi Brudder ass grad heemkomm

    My brother has just come home

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin gradus

Noun

grad m (definite singular graden, indefinite plural grader, definite plural gradene)

  1. degree (general)
  2. an academic degree
  3. degree (of angle)
  4. degree (of latitude or longitude)
  5. degree (of temperature)
  6. rank (e.g. military)

Derived terms

References

  • “grad” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin gradus

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrɑːd/

Noun

grad m (definite singular graden, indefinite plural gradar, definite plural gradane)
grad f (definite singular grada, indefinite plural grader, definite plural gradene)

  1. a degree (general)
  2. an academic degree
  3. degree (of angle)
  4. degree (of latitude or longitude)
  5. degree (of temperature)
  6. rank (e.g. military)

Derived terms

References

  • “grad” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Etymology

From Latin gradus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrɑd/

Noun

grad m

  1. grade, step, order, degree, rank

Declension

References

  • Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898), “grad”, in An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrat/
  • Homophone: grat

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

Noun

grad m inan

  1. hail
Declension
Derived terms
  • (adjective) gradowy
  • (nouns) gradobicie, gradzina

Etymology 2

Noun

grad m inan

  1. (geometry, trigonometry) gradian
Declension

Further reading

  • grad in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • grad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French grade, ultimately from Latin gradus.

Noun

grad n (plural grade)

  1. degree (unit of measurement for temperature)

Scottish Gaelic

Adjective

grad

  1. sudden, immediate, instant
  2. quick, rapid, swift, alert, agile

Derived terms

  • gu grad

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrâːd/

Noun

grȃd m (Cyrillic spelling гра̑д)

  1. city, town
  2. fortress, castle
  3. (usually after the preposition u) downtown, city centre
Declension

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *gradъ, from Proto-Indo-European *greh₃d-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrâd/

Noun

grȁd m (Cyrillic spelling гра̏д)

  1. hail
Declension

Etymology 3

Borrowed from Latin gradus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrâːd/

Noun

grȃd m (Cyrillic spelling гра̑д)

  1. (mathematics) gradian
  2. degree (measuring unit in various systems; the more usual and general term is stȅpēn or stȗpanj)
Declension

Slavomolisano

Etymology

From Serbo-Croatian grad (city, town, fortress). The extended meaning of ‘country’ is a semantic loan from Italian paese.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrâːd/

Noun

grad m

  1. village
  2. country

Declension

References

  • Walter Breu and Giovanni Piccoli (2000), Dizionario croato molisano di Acquaviva Collecroce: Dizionario plurilingue della lingua slava della minoranza di provenienza dalmata di Acquaviva Collecroce in Provincia di Campobasso (Parte grammaticale).
  • Breu, W., Mader Skender, M. B. & Piccoli, G. 2013. Oral texts in Molise Slavic (Italy): Acquaviva Collecroce. In Adamou, E., Breu, W., Drettas, G. & Scholze, L. (eds.). 2013. EuroSlav2010: Elektronische Datenbank bedrohter slavischer Varietäten in nichtslavophonen Ländern Europas – Base de données électronique de variétés slaves menacées dans des pays européens non slavophones. Konstanz: Universität / Paris: Lacito (Internet Publication).

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *gȏrdъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡráːt/

Noun

grȃd m inan

  1. castle
  2. (archaic) city

Inflection

Further reading

  • grad”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

grad c

  1. a degree (on a thermometer or other scale)
  2. a degree (from a university), a title
  3. a rank

Declension

Related terms

Anagrams

  • drag


English

Etymology

Borrowed from French grade (a grade, degree), from Latin gradus (a step, pace, a step in a ladder or stair, a station, position, degree), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰradʰ-, *gʰredʰ- (to walk, go). Cognate with Gothic ???????????????????? (griþs, step, grade), Bavarian Gritt (step, stride), Lithuanian grìdiju (to go, wander).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹeɪd/
  • Homophones: grayed, greyed
  • Rhymes: -eɪd

Noun

grade (plural grades)

  1. A rating.
    This fine-grade coin from 1837 is worth a good amount.
  2. (chiefly Canada, US) Performance on a test or other evaluation(s), expressed by a number, letter, or other symbol; a score.
    Synonym: mark
  3. A degree or level of something; a position within a scale; a degree of quality.
    • There are a lot of varieties of diatomaceous earth, so when you are shopping, be sure to get the right stuff!

      Make sure that you get food grade diatomaceous earth. Some people make 3% of the food they eat be diatomaceous earth.

  4. (linguistics) degree (Any of the three stages (positive, comparative, superlative) in the comparison of an adjective or an adverb.)
  5. A slope (up or down) of a roadway or other passage
  6. (Canada, US, education) A level of primary and secondary education.
  7. (Canada, education) A student of a particular grade (used with the grade level).
  8. An area that has been flattened by a grader (construction machine).
  9. The level of the ground.
  10. (mathematics) A gradian.
  11. (geometry) In a linear system of divisors on an n-dimensional variety, the number of free intersection points of n generic divisors.
  12. A harsh scraping or cutting; a grating.
  13. (systematics) A taxon united by a level of morphological or physiological complexity that is not a clade.
  14. (medicine) The degree of malignity of a tumor expressed on a scale.

Synonyms

  • (taxon that is not a clade): paraphyletic group

Related terms

Descendants

  • Japanese: グレード (gurēdo)

Translations

Verb

grade (third-person singular simple present grades, present participle grading, simple past and past participle graded)

  1. (chiefly Canada, US) To assign scores to the components of an academic test.
  2. (chiefly Canada, US) To assign a score to overall academic performance.
  3. To organize in grades.
  4. To flatten, level, or smooth a large surface.
  5. (sewing) To remove or trim part of a seam allowance from a finished seam so as to reduce bulk and make the finished piece more even when turned right side out.
  6. (research) To apply labels to data (typically by a manual rather than automatic process).
  7. (intransitive) To pass imperceptibly from one grade into another.
    • 1924, EM Forster, A Passage to India, Penguin 2005, p. 34:
      And there were circles even beyond these – […] humanity grading and drifting beyond the educated vision, until no earthly invitation can embrace it.

Translations

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • Adger, Degar, EDGAR, Edgar, Gerda, garde, radge, raged

Afrikaans

Noun

grade

  1. plural of graad

Esperanto

Etymology

grado +‎ -e

Pronunciation

Adverb

grade

  1. gradually

Synonyms

  • malabrupte

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin gradus. Compare degré.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡʁad/
  • Rhymes: -ad
  • Homophone: grades

Noun

grade m (plural grades)

  1. rank
  2. (geometry) gradian

Synonyms

  • degré
  • rang

Derived terms

  • en prendre pour son grade
  • monter en grade

Related terms

  • gradation
  • grader

Descendants

  • English: grade
  • Romanian: grad

Further reading

  • “grade” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Etymology

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese grade (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin cratis, cratem (wickerwork).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɾaðe̝/

Noun

grade f (plural grades)

  1. (archaic) cage
  2. grate (metal grille)
  3. harrow (device dragged across ploughed land to smooth the soil)
    • 1474, Antonio López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 74:
      Iten, preçaron duas grades e hun chedeiro e dous temoos de cerna, a parte dos menores em quorenta :XL -? maravedis

      Item, they appraised two harrows, a cart’s bed and two shafts of heartwood, the part corresponding to the kids, 40 coins
  4. any similarly formed frame or structure
  5. common starfish (Asterias rubens)
    Synonyms: estrela do mar, rapacricas
  6. Ursa Major
    Synonyms: Carro, Osa Maior

Derived terms

  • gradar

References

  • “grade” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI – ILGA 2006-2012.
  • “grade” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez – Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • “grade” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI – ILGA 2006-2013.
  • “grade” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • “grade” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese grade, from Latin cratis, cratem, possibly from a Proto-Indo-European *krtis.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈɡɾa.ðɨ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈɡɾa.dʒi/
  • Hyphenation: gra‧de

Noun

grade f (plural grades)

  1. grate (metal grille)
  2. a light fence
  3. harrow (device dragged across ploughed land to smooth the soil)
  4. grid

Verb

grade

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of gradar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of gradar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of gradar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of gradar

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡrade]

Noun

grade n

  1. indefinite plural of grad

Serbo-Croatian

Noun

grade (Cyrillic spelling граде)

  1. vocative singular of grad

Spanish

Verb

grade

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of gradar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of gradar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of gradar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of gradar.

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