gradation vs grade what difference

what is difference between gradation and grade

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French gradation.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡɹəˈdeɪʃən/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɡɹəˈdeɪʃən/, /ˌɡɹeɪˈdeɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

gradation (countable and uncountable, plural gradations)

  1. A sequence of gradual, successive stages; a systematic progression.
  2. A passing by small degrees from one tone or shade, as of color, to another.
    Synonym: nuance
  3. The act of gradating or arranging in grades.
  4. Any degree or relative position in an order or series.
    • 1832, Isaac Taylor, Saturday Evening
      the several gradations of the intelligent universe
  5. (countable) A calibration marking.
  6. (music) A gradual change within one parameter, or an overlapping of two blocks of sound.
  7. (music) A diatonic succession of chords.
  8. (phonetics) Apophony.

Translations

Verb

gradation (third-person singular simple present gradations, present participle gradationing, simple past and past participle gradationed)

  1. (transitive) To form with gradations.

See also

  • graduation

References

  • DeLone et. al. (Eds.) (1975). Aspects of Twentieth-Century Music. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. →ISBN.

Anagrams

  • adorating, indagator, tanagroid

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin gradātiō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡʁa.da.sjɔ̃/

Noun

gradation f (plural gradations)

  1. gradation

Usage notes

Not to be confused with graduation.

References

  • “gradation” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Etymology

Borrowed from French grade (a grade, degree), from Latin gradus (a step, pace, a step in a ladder or stair, a station, position, degree), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰradʰ-, *gʰredʰ- (to walk, go). Cognate with Gothic ???????????????????? (griþs, step, grade), Bavarian Gritt (step, stride), Lithuanian grìdiju (to go, wander).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹeɪd/
  • Homophones: grayed, greyed
  • Rhymes: -eɪd

Noun

grade (plural grades)

  1. A rating.
    This fine-grade coin from 1837 is worth a good amount.
  2. (chiefly Canada, US) Performance on a test or other evaluation(s), expressed by a number, letter, or other symbol; a score.
    Synonym: mark
  3. A degree or level of something; a position within a scale; a degree of quality.
    • There are a lot of varieties of diatomaceous earth, so when you are shopping, be sure to get the right stuff!

      Make sure that you get food grade diatomaceous earth. Some people make 3% of the food they eat be diatomaceous earth.

  4. (linguistics) degree (Any of the three stages (positive, comparative, superlative) in the comparison of an adjective or an adverb.)
  5. A slope (up or down) of a roadway or other passage
  6. (Canada, US, education) A level of primary and secondary education.
  7. (Canada, education) A student of a particular grade (used with the grade level).
  8. An area that has been flattened by a grader (construction machine).
  9. The level of the ground.
  10. (mathematics) A gradian.
  11. (geometry) In a linear system of divisors on an n-dimensional variety, the number of free intersection points of n generic divisors.
  12. A harsh scraping or cutting; a grating.
  13. (systematics) A taxon united by a level of morphological or physiological complexity that is not a clade.
  14. (medicine) The degree of malignity of a tumor expressed on a scale.

Synonyms

  • (taxon that is not a clade): paraphyletic group

Related terms

Descendants

  • Japanese: グレード (gurēdo)

Translations

Verb

grade (third-person singular simple present grades, present participle grading, simple past and past participle graded)

  1. (chiefly Canada, US) To assign scores to the components of an academic test.
  2. (chiefly Canada, US) To assign a score to overall academic performance.
  3. To organize in grades.
  4. To flatten, level, or smooth a large surface.
  5. (sewing) To remove or trim part of a seam allowance from a finished seam so as to reduce bulk and make the finished piece more even when turned right side out.
  6. (research) To apply labels to data (typically by a manual rather than automatic process).
  7. (intransitive) To pass imperceptibly from one grade into another.
    • 1924, EM Forster, A Passage to India, Penguin 2005, p. 34:
      And there were circles even beyond these – […] humanity grading and drifting beyond the educated vision, until no earthly invitation can embrace it.

Translations

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • Adger, Degar, EDGAR, Edgar, Gerda, garde, radge, raged

Afrikaans

Noun

grade

  1. plural of graad

Esperanto

Etymology

grado +‎ -e

Pronunciation

Adverb

grade

  1. gradually

Synonyms

  • malabrupte

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin gradus. Compare degré.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡʁad/
  • Rhymes: -ad
  • Homophone: grades

Noun

grade m (plural grades)

  1. rank
  2. (geometry) gradian

Synonyms

  • degré
  • rang

Derived terms

  • en prendre pour son grade
  • monter en grade

Related terms

  • gradation
  • grader

Descendants

  • English: grade
  • Romanian: grad

Further reading

  • “grade” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Etymology

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese grade (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin cratis, cratem (wickerwork).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɾaðe̝/

Noun

grade f (plural grades)

  1. (archaic) cage
  2. grate (metal grille)
  3. harrow (device dragged across ploughed land to smooth the soil)
    • 1474, Antonio López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 74:
      Iten, preçaron duas grades e hun chedeiro e dous temoos de cerna, a parte dos menores em quorenta :XL -? maravedis

      Item, they appraised two harrows, a cart’s bed and two shafts of heartwood, the part corresponding to the kids, 40 coins
  4. any similarly formed frame or structure
  5. common starfish (Asterias rubens)
    Synonyms: estrela do mar, rapacricas
  6. Ursa Major
    Synonyms: Carro, Osa Maior

Derived terms

  • gradar

References

  • “grade” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI – ILGA 2006-2012.
  • “grade” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez – Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • “grade” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI – ILGA 2006-2013.
  • “grade” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • “grade” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese grade, from Latin cratis, cratem, possibly from a Proto-Indo-European *krtis.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈɡɾa.ðɨ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈɡɾa.dʒi/
  • Hyphenation: gra‧de

Noun

grade f (plural grades)

  1. grate (metal grille)
  2. a light fence
  3. harrow (device dragged across ploughed land to smooth the soil)
  4. grid

Verb

grade

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of gradar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of gradar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of gradar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of gradar

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡrade]

Noun

grade n

  1. indefinite plural of grad

Serbo-Croatian

Noun

grade (Cyrillic spelling граде)

  1. vocative singular of grad

Spanish

Verb

grade

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of gradar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of gradar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of gradar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of gradar.

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