grade vs level what difference

what is difference between grade and level

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French grade (a grade, degree), from Latin gradus (a step, pace, a step in a ladder or stair, a station, position, degree), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰradʰ-, *gʰredʰ- (to walk, go). Cognate with Gothic ???????????????????? (griþs, step, grade), Bavarian Gritt (step, stride), Lithuanian grìdiju (to go, wander).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹeɪd/
  • Homophones: grayed, greyed
  • Rhymes: -eɪd

Noun

grade (plural grades)

  1. A rating.
    This fine-grade coin from 1837 is worth a good amount.
  2. (chiefly Canada, US) Performance on a test or other evaluation(s), expressed by a number, letter, or other symbol; a score.
    Synonym: mark
  3. A degree or level of something; a position within a scale; a degree of quality.
    • There are a lot of varieties of diatomaceous earth, so when you are shopping, be sure to get the right stuff!

      Make sure that you get food grade diatomaceous earth. Some people make 3% of the food they eat be diatomaceous earth.

  4. (linguistics) degree (Any of the three stages (positive, comparative, superlative) in the comparison of an adjective or an adverb.)
  5. A slope (up or down) of a roadway or other passage
  6. (Canada, US, education) A level of primary and secondary education.
  7. (Canada, education) A student of a particular grade (used with the grade level).
  8. An area that has been flattened by a grader (construction machine).
  9. The level of the ground.
  10. (mathematics) A gradian.
  11. (geometry) In a linear system of divisors on an n-dimensional variety, the number of free intersection points of n generic divisors.
  12. A harsh scraping or cutting; a grating.
  13. (systematics) A taxon united by a level of morphological or physiological complexity that is not a clade.
  14. (medicine) The degree of malignity of a tumor expressed on a scale.

Synonyms

  • (taxon that is not a clade): paraphyletic group

Related terms

Descendants

  • Japanese: グレード (gurēdo)

Translations

Verb

grade (third-person singular simple present grades, present participle grading, simple past and past participle graded)

  1. (chiefly Canada, US) To assign scores to the components of an academic test.
  2. (chiefly Canada, US) To assign a score to overall academic performance.
  3. To organize in grades.
  4. To flatten, level, or smooth a large surface.
  5. (sewing) To remove or trim part of a seam allowance from a finished seam so as to reduce bulk and make the finished piece more even when turned right side out.
  6. (research) To apply labels to data (typically by a manual rather than automatic process).
  7. (intransitive) To pass imperceptibly from one grade into another.
    • 1924, EM Forster, A Passage to India, Penguin 2005, p. 34:
      And there were circles even beyond these – […] humanity grading and drifting beyond the educated vision, until no earthly invitation can embrace it.

Translations

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • Adger, Degar, EDGAR, Edgar, Gerda, garde, radge, raged

Afrikaans

Noun

grade

  1. plural of graad

Esperanto

Etymology

grado +‎ -e

Pronunciation

Adverb

grade

  1. gradually

Synonyms

  • malabrupte

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin gradus. Compare degré.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡʁad/
  • Rhymes: -ad
  • Homophone: grades

Noun

grade m (plural grades)

  1. rank
  2. (geometry) gradian

Synonyms

  • degré
  • rang

Derived terms

  • en prendre pour son grade
  • monter en grade

Related terms

  • gradation
  • grader

Descendants

  • English: grade
  • Romanian: grad

Further reading

  • “grade” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Etymology

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese grade (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin cratis, cratem (wickerwork).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɾaðe̝/

Noun

grade f (plural grades)

  1. (archaic) cage
  2. grate (metal grille)
  3. harrow (device dragged across ploughed land to smooth the soil)
    • 1474, Antonio López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 74:
      Iten, preçaron duas grades e hun chedeiro e dous temoos de cerna, a parte dos menores em quorenta :XL -? maravedis

      Item, they appraised two harrows, a cart’s bed and two shafts of heartwood, the part corresponding to the kids, 40 coins
  4. any similarly formed frame or structure
  5. common starfish (Asterias rubens)
    Synonyms: estrela do mar, rapacricas
  6. Ursa Major
    Synonyms: Carro, Osa Maior

Derived terms

  • gradar

References

  • “grade” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI – ILGA 2006-2012.
  • “grade” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez – Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • “grade” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI – ILGA 2006-2013.
  • “grade” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • “grade” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese grade, from Latin cratis, cratem, possibly from a Proto-Indo-European *krtis.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈɡɾa.ðɨ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈɡɾa.dʒi/
  • Hyphenation: gra‧de

Noun

grade f (plural grades)

  1. grate (metal grille)
  2. a light fence
  3. harrow (device dragged across ploughed land to smooth the soil)
  4. grid

Verb

grade

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of gradar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of gradar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of gradar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of gradar

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡrade]

Noun

grade n

  1. indefinite plural of grad

Serbo-Croatian

Noun

grade (Cyrillic spelling граде)

  1. vocative singular of grad

Spanish

Verb

grade

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of gradar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of gradar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of gradar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of gradar.


English

Etymology

From Middle English level, from Old French livel, liveau m, later nivel, niveau, from Latin libella f (a balance, a level), diminutive of libra f (a balance, a level); see libra, librate.

The verb is from Middle English levelen, from the noun.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈlɛv.əl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛvəl
  • Hyphenation: lev‧el

Adjective

level (comparative leveler or leveller, superlative levelest or levellest)

  1. The same height at all places; parallel to a flat ground.
  2. At the same height as some reference; constructed as level with.
  3. Unvaried in frequency.
  4. Unvaried in volume.
  5. Calm.
  6. In the same position or rank.
  7. Straightforward; direct; clear.
    • 1873, Matthew Arnold, Literature and Dogma
      a very plain and level account
  8. Well balanced; even; just; steady; impartial.
  9. (phonetics) Of even tone; without rising or falling inflection; monotonic.
    • 1891, Henry Sweet, A History of English Sounds from the Earliest Period
      Intonation or tone is either level, rising, or falling, marked respectively
  10. (physics) Perpendicular to a gravitational force.

Antonyms

  • tilted
  • unbalanced
  • uneven

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

level (countable and uncountable, plural levels)

  1. A tool for finding whether a surface is level, or for creating a horizontal or vertical line of reference.
  2. A distance relative to a given reference elevation.
  3. Degree or amount.
  4. Achievement or qualification.
  5. (computer science) Distance from the root node of a tree structure.
  6. (video games) One of several discrete segments of a game, generally increasing in difficulty and representing different locations in the game world.
    Synonyms: stage, zone, world
  7. (role-playing games, video games) A numeric value that quantifies a character, ability, or item’s experience and power.
  8. A floor of a multi-storey building.
  9. (Britain) An area of almost perfectly flat land.
    • 1820, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Oedipus Tyrannus; Or, Swellfoot The Tyrant: A Tragedy in Two Acts:
      The troops grow mutinous—the revenue fails—
      There’s something rotten in us—for the level
      Of the State slopes, its very bases topple,
      The boldest turn their backs upon themselves!
  10. (Singapore, education) A school grade or year.

Hyponyms

Related terms

Descendants

  • German: Level
  • Irish: leibhéal
  • Japanese: レベル (reberu)
  • Welsh: lefel

Translations

See also

  • Wikipedia article on newsgroup posting style

Verb

level (third-person singular simple present levels, present participle (US) leveling or levelling, simple past and past participle (US) leveled or levelled)

  1. To adjust so as to make as flat or perpendicular to the ground as possible.
  2. To destroy by reducing to ground level; to raze.
    • He levels mountains and he raises plains.
  3. (role-playing games, video games) To progress to the next level.
  4. To aim or direct (a weapon, a stare, an accusation, etc).
    • 1592, John Stow, The Annales of England
      Bertram de Gordon, standing on the castle wall, levelled a quarrel out of a crossbow.
  5. To direct or impose (a penalty, fine, etc) at or upon (someone).
    • 1809, William Ross (Jr.), Abridgement of the laws of Scotland relating to hunting [etc], page 60:
      If the right of killing salmon belong exclusively to the King, and consequently to his donatories, why has not the Legislature secured the right by levelling penalties against such as should encroach upon it […] ?
    • 1978, Parliamentary Debates of the New Zealand House of Representatives, page 4955:
      How can the Minister reconcile the first statement with the clause, when he is in fact levelling punishment at the woman and not at the errant father […] ?
    • 1995, The Parliamentary Debates (Hansard) of the [Great British] House of Lords:
      There is no purpose in levelling fines because they would be merely paid from the £1.8 billion which the BBC collects.
    • 2007, Mary Jacoby, EU investigators endorse charges against Intel, Wall Street Journal Europe, 17 January, page 32, column 5:
      Ultimately, Ms. Kroes [European Union Antitrust Commissioner] could level a fine and order Intel to change its business practices.
  6. (sports) To make the score of a game equal.
  7. (figuratively) To bring to a common level or plane, in respect of rank, condition, character, privilege, etc.
  8. To adjust or adapt to a certain level.
    • For all his mind on honour fixed is, / To which he levels all his purposes.
  9. (usually with “with”) To speak honestly and openly with.

Derived terms

Translations

References

  • level on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Further reading

  • level in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • level in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Indonesian

Etymology

From English level, from Middle English level, from Old French livel, liveau m, later nivel, niveau, from Latin libella f (a balance, a level), diminutive of libra f (a balance, a level)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛvəl]
  • Hyphenation: lè‧vêl

Noun

level (first-person possessive levelku, second-person possessive levelmu, third-person possessive levelnya)

  1. (colloquial) level.
    Synonyms: tingkatan, tataran, lapisan

Further reading

  • “level” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

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