graft vs ingraft what difference

what is difference between graft and ingraft

English

Alternative forms

  • graff

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡɹɑːft/
  • (US, Northern England) IPA(key): /ɡɹæft/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːft, -æft

Etymology 1

From Middle English graffe, from Old French greffe (stylus), from Latin graphium (stylus), from Ancient Greek γραφείον (grapheíon), from γράφειν (gráphein, to write); probably akin to English carve. So named from the resemblance of a scion or shoot to a pointed pencil. Compare graphic, grammar.

Noun

graft (countable and uncountable, plural grafts)

  1. (countable) A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it. The two unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.
  2. (countable) A branch or portion of a tree growing from such a shoot.
  3. (surgery, countable) A portion of living tissue used in the operation of autoplasty.
Translations

Verb

graft (third-person singular simple present grafts, present participle grafting, simple past and past participle grafted)

  1. (transitive) To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon.
  2. (intransitive) To insert scions (grafts) from one tree, or kind of tree, etc., into another; to practice grafting.
  3. (transitive, surgery) To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in a lesion so as to form an organic union.
  4. (transitive) To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to bring about a close union.
  5. (transitive, nautical) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.
  6. (chemistry) To form a graft polymer
Synonyms
  • (to join as if by grafting): affix, attach, put together, unite; see also Thesaurus:join
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch graft (canal), from graven (dig). The contemporary senses “depth of digging blade” and “narrow spade” may have a separate history, but this is uncertain. Compare Old Norse grǫft (the action of digging). Attested from the 17th century.

Noun

graft (plural grafts)

  1. (obsolete) A ditch, a canal.
  2. The depth of the blade of a digging tool such as a spade or shovel.
  3. A narrow spade used in digging drainage trenches.
Derived terms
  • grafting tool

Etymology 3

Uncertain. Some lexicographers suggest an extended use of Etymology 2, above, expanding from “digging” to work more generally, and from there to dishonest work. Others, however, suggest an extension from Etymology 1, shifting from “a shoot or scion” to the notion of corruption through the idea of excrescence.

Noun

graft (countable and uncountable, plural grafts)

  1. (uncountable) Corruption in official life.
  2. (uncountable) Illicit profit by corrupt means, especially in public life.
  3. (uncountable, slang) A criminal’s special branch of practice.
  4. (countable) A con job.
  5. (countable, slang) A cut of the take (money).
  6. (uncountable, US, politics) A bribe, especially on an ongoing basis.
  7. (Britain) (uncountable, colloquial) Work; labor
  8. (Britain) (countable, colloquial) A job or trade.
  9. (Britain) (uncountable, colloquial) Effort needed for doing hard work.
Translations

Verb

graft (third-person singular simple present grafts, present participle grafting, simple past and past participle grafted)

  1. To work.
  2. To obtain illegal gain from bribery or similar corrupt practices.
Derived terms
  • grafter (“grifter”)

Derived terms

  • grift

References

  • graft in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911. See supplements.

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

graft f (plural graften, diminutive graftje n)

  1. (chiefly Holland) Obsolete form of gracht (canal).

Noun

graft n (plural graften, diminutive graftje n)

  1. Obsolete form of gracht (grave).

West Frisian

Etymology

Borrowed from Dutch graft.

Noun

graft c (plural graften, diminutive graftsje)

  1. Alternative form of grêft.


English

Alternative forms

  • ingraff (obsolete)

Verb

ingraft (third-person singular simple present ingrafts, present participle ingrafting, simple past and past participle ingrafted)

  1. Alternative spelling of engraft

Anagrams

  • farting, rafting

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