grama vs gramma what difference

what is difference between grama and gramma

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish grama (grass), from Latin grāmina, plural of grāmen (grass).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡɹɑːmə/, /ˈɡɹamə/

Noun

grama (countable and uncountable, plural gramas)

  1. Various species of grass in the genus Bouteloua, including Bouteloua gracilis (blue grama)
    • 1864, Fitz-Hugh Ludlow. The Atlantic
      To understand the exquisite beauty of simple green grass, you must travel through eight hundred miles of sage-brush and grama…the latter, a stunted species of herbage, growing in ash tinted spirals, only two inches from the ground, and giving the Plains an appearance of being matted with curled hair or gray corkscrews. Its other name is “buffalo grass”; and in spite of its dinginess, with the assistance of the sage, converting all the Plains west of Fort Kearney into a model Quaker landscape, it is one of the most nutritious varieties of cattle fodder, and for hundreds of miles the emigrant drover’s only dependence.
    • 2005, Tom Drury, “Path Lights”, The New Yorker, 17 October 2005
      Every few years, Ingrid goes back to take a look, even though all that’s left is the old bleached shell of a house, surrounded by blue grama grass and tall trees with pale bark and waxy leaves.
    • 2013, Philipp Meyer, The Son, Simon & Schuster 2014, p. 95
      The grass was thick around us, grama and bluestem, more than could ever be eaten.

Anagrams

  • Magar, marga, ragam, rāgam

Catalan

Etymology

Noun

grama f (plural grames)

  1. Alternative form of gram (Bermuda grass).

Further reading

  • “grama” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Galician

Etymology

From Old Portuguese [Term?], from Latin grāmina (grasses), plural of grāmen. Cognate with Portuguese grama and Spanish grama.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɾama̝/

Noun

grama f (plural gramas)

  1. grass, in particular
    1. couch grass (Elymus repens)
      Synonym: rengo
    2. Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon)
      Synonyms: cerreña, nervia
    3. velvetgrass (Holcus lanatus)

References

  • “grama” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI – ILGA 2006-2013.
  • “grama” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • “grama” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian

Adjective

grama f

  1. feminine singular of gramo

Anagrams

  • Magra, magra

Occitan

Pronunciation

Noun

grama m (plural gramas)

  1. gram

Old English

Alternative forms

  • groma

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *gramô. Cognate with Old Saxon gramo, Old Saxon gremi, Old High German gramo, Old Norse gremi. Akin also to Old English gram (angry, cruel, fierce), grimm, grim (fierce, savage).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡrɑ.mɑ/

Noun

grama m (nominative plural graman)

  1. anger, rage, wrath, indignation, fury; trouble
  2. demonic spirit, devil, fiend, demon; imp, puck

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: grame, grome
    • English: grame

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: gra‧ma
  • Rhymes: -ɐmɐ, -ɐ̃mɐ

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese [Term?], from Latin grāmĭna, plural of grāmen. Compare Galician grama, Spanish grama.

Noun

grama f (plural gramas)

  1. (Brazil) grass
    Synonyms: relva, erva
Related terms

Etymology 2

From Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma, a small weight, a scruple), a semantic calque of Latin scripulum.

Noun

grama m or f (nonstandard) (plural gramas)

  1. gram (unit of mass)
Related terms
  • micrograma
  • quilograma

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

grama

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of gramar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of gramar

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin grāmĭna, plural of grāmen. Compare Portuguese grama.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɾama/, [ˈɡɾa.ma]
  • Hyphenation: gra‧ma

Noun

grama f (uncountable)

  1. grass (mostly varieties intended for cattle fodder)
  2. (Caribbean, Guatemala, El Salvador) lawn

Derived terms

See also

  • hierba

Further reading

  • “grama” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.


English

Etymology 1

Noun

gramma (plural grammas)

  1. (informal) grandmother

Etymology 2

Noun

gramma (plural grammas)

  1. (Australia) A variety of pumpkin, a cultivar of Cucurbita moschata.
    Traditionally Cucurbita maxima and Cucurbita moschata have been placed into two groups – pumpkins and grammas respectively.
    • 1941, H. Barnes, Robert Veitch, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock, John Howard Simmonds, The Queensland Agricultural and Pastoral Handbook, Volume 1, page 238,
      Pumpkins and grammas are harvested when mature, usually when the vines have died or been frosted.
    • 1952, Desmond Andrew Herbert, Gardening in Warm Climates, page 151,
      The papaw pumpkin belongs to a different species (C. moschata) and is classed as a gramma.
    • 1983, Margaret Fulton, Encyclopedia of Food and Cookery: The Complete Kitchen Companion from A to Z, Revised 2005, Republished 2009, page 493,
      Gramma, or bugle, pumpkin is the variety traditionally used for pumpkin pie, but if it is not available, use butternut instead.

Synonyms

  • (Cucurbita moschata cultivar): bugle pumpkin, butternut squash, papaw pumpkin

Etymology 3

From Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma). Doublet of gram.

Noun

gramma (plural grammata)

  1. This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Anagrams

  • Margam

Finnish

Etymology

From Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma). See gram for more.

Noun

gramma

  1. gram

Declension

Related terms

  • kilogramma
  • mikrogramma
  • milligramma

Icelandic

Noun

gramma

  1. indefinite genitive plural of gramm

Interlingua

Noun

gramma (plural grammas)

  1. gramme, gram

Italian

Noun

gramma m (plural grammi)

  1. Alternative form of grammo: gram

Related terms

  • -gramma

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡram.ma/, [ˈɡɾämːä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈɡram.ma/, [ˈɡrɑmːɑ]

Noun

gramma n (genitive grammatis); third declension

  1. gram (unit of mass)

Declension

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

References

  • gramma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gramma in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • gramma in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • gramma in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

  • grammene

Noun

gramma n

  1. definite plural of gram

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

gramma n

  1. definite plural of gram

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