Grammar vs Punctuation what difference

what is difference between Grammar and Punctuation

English

Alternative forms

  • grammary (archaic)

Etymology

From Middle English gramer, gramarye, gramery, from Old French gramaire (classical learning), from Latin grammatica, from Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, skilled in writing), from γράμμα (grámma, line of writing), from γράφω (gráphō, write), from Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (to carve, scratch). Displaced native Old English stæfcræft.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɡɹæ.mə(ɹ)/
  • (General American) enPR: gră’mər, IPA(key): /ˈɡɹæ.mɚ/
  • Rhymes: -æmə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: gram‧mar

Noun

grammar (countable and uncountable, plural grammars)

  1. A system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language.
  2. (uncountable, linguistics) The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax).
  3. A book describing the rules of grammar of a language.
  4. (computing theory) A formal system specifying the syntax of a language.
    • 2006, Patrick Blackburn · Johan Bos · Kristina Striegnitz, Learn Prolog Now!, §8.2
      Because real lexicons are big and complex, from a software engineering perspective it is best to write simple grammars that have a simple, well-defined way, of pulling out the information they need from vast lexicons. That is, grammars should be thought of as separate entities which can access the information contained in lexicons. We can then use specialised mechanisms for efficiently storing the lexicon and retrieving data from it.
  5. Actual or presumed prescriptive notions about the correct use of a language.
  6. (computing theory) A formal system defining a formal language
  7. The basic rules or principles of a field of knowledge or a particular skill.
    • 2011, Javier Solana and Daniel Innerarity, Project Syndicate, The New Grammar of Power:
      We must learn a new grammar of power in a world that is made up more of the common good – or the common bad – than of self-interest or national interest.
  8. (Britain, archaic) A textbook.
    a grammar of geography
  9. (Britain) A grammar school.
    • 2012, Graeme Paton, A green light for more grammars? (in The Daily Telegraph, 11 January 2012)

Synonyms

  • (study & field of study in medieval Latin contexts): glomery
  • (linguistics): morpho-syntax (from the relationship between morphology and syntax)

Hyponyms

  • context-sensitive grammar
  • finite-state grammar
  • Turing-complete grammar
  • normative grammar

Derived terms

Related terms

  • glamour
  • gramarye

Translations

Verb

grammar (third-person singular simple present grammars, present participle grammaring, simple past and past participle grammared)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar.
    • She is in her Moods, and her Tenses:
      I’ll Grammar with you,
      And make a trial how I can decline you

See also

  • grammar on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Appendix:Glossary of grammar
  • Category:Grammar

Further reading

  • grammar at The Septic’s Companion: A British Slang Dictionary

Manx

Noun

grammar m (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. grammar

Mutation

Synonyms

  • grammeydys

Related terms

  • grammeydagh
  • neughrammeydoil


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Medieval Latin punctuātiō (a marking with points, a writing, agreement), from punctuō (to mark with points, settle); see punctuate.
Morphologically punctuate +‎ -ion

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pʌŋk.tʃuˈeɪ.ʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

punctuation (countable and uncountable, plural punctuations)

  1. A set of symbols and marks which are used to clarify meaning in text by separating strings of words into clauses, phrases and sentences.
  2. An act of punctuating.

Meronyms

  • See also Thesaurus:punctuation mark

Derived terms

  • punctuation mark

Related terms

  • point
  • punctilious
  • punctuate
  • punctual
  • punctuality

Punctuation

Translations

Further reading

  • punctuation in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • punctuation in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

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