what is difference between graphite and plumbago
Borrowed from German Graphit (A. G. Werner 1789), from Ancient Greek γράφω (gráphō, “I write”).
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡɹæfaɪt/
graphite (countable and uncountable, plural graphites)
- An allotrope of carbon, consisting of planes of carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal arrays with the planes stacked loosely, that is used as a dry lubricant, in “lead” pencils, and as a moderator in some nuclear reactors.
- Short for graphite-reinforced plastic, a composite plastic made with graphite fibers noted for light weight strength and stiffness.
- Modern tennis racquets are made of graphite, fibreglass and other man-made materials.
- A grey colour.
- (allotrope of carbon): plumbago, black lead
- (composite plastic): carbon fiber reinforced plastic, carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer, graphite composite, CFRP, CRP
- David Barthelmy (1997–2021), “Graphite”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
- “graphite”, in Mindat.org, Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2021.
- earth pig, earth-pig, earthpig
graphite m (plural graphites)
- graphite (form of carbon)
Borrowed from Latin plumbāgō (“type of lead ore”), from plumbum (“lead”).
- (UK) IPA(key): /plʌmˈbeɪɡəʊ/
- (US) IPA(key): /pləmˈbeɪɡoʊ/
plumbago (countable and uncountable, plural plumbagos or plumbagoes)
- (botany) A plant of the genus Plumbago; leadwort. [from 17th c.]
- (mineralogy, now chiefly historical) Graphite. [from 18th c.]
- black lead
- David Barthelmy (1997–2021), “Plumbago”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
- “plumbago”, in Mindat.org, Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2021.
Borrowed from Latin plumbāgō. See also plombagine.
- IPA(key): /plœ̃.ba.ɡo/
plumbago m (plural plumbagos)
- (botany) plumbago
plumbum (“lead”) + -āgō
- (Classical) IPA(key): /plumˈbaː.ɡoː/, [pɫ̪ʊmˈbäːɡoː]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /plumˈba.ɡo/, [plumˈbɑːɡɔ]
plumbāgō f (genitive plumbāginis); third declension
- the color of graphite
- English: plumbago
- French: plombagine, plumbago
- Italian: piombaggine
- Spanish: plumbagina, plumbagíneo
- plumbago in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- plumbago in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette