graphite vs plumbago what difference

what is difference between graphite and plumbago

English

Etymology

Borrowed from German Graphit (A. G. Werner 1789), from Ancient Greek γράφω (gráphō, I write).

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡɹæfaɪt/

Noun

graphite (countable and uncountable, plural graphites)

  1. An allotrope of carbon, consisting of planes of carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal arrays with the planes stacked loosely, that is used as a dry lubricant, in “lead” pencils, and as a moderator in some nuclear reactors.
  2. Short for graphite-reinforced plastic, a composite plastic made with graphite fibers noted for light weight strength and stiffness.
    Modern tennis racquets are made of graphite, fibreglass and other man-made materials.
  3. A grey colour.

Synonyms

  • (allotrope of carbon): plumbago, black lead
  • (composite plastic): carbon fiber reinforced plastic, carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer, graphite composite, CFRP, CRP

Translations

See also

  • diamond

Further reading

  • David Barthelmy (1997–2021), “Graphite”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
  • “graphite”, in Mindat.org[2], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2021.

Anagrams

  • earth pig, earth-pig, earthpig

French

Pronunciation

Noun

graphite m (plural graphites)

  1. graphite (form of carbon)


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin plumbāgō (type of lead ore), from plumbum (lead).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /plʌmˈbeɪɡəʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /pləmˈbeɪɡoʊ/

Noun

plumbago (countable and uncountable, plural plumbagos or plumbagoes)

  1. (botany) A plant of the genus Plumbago; leadwort. [from 17th c.]
  2. (mineralogy, now chiefly historical) Graphite. [from 18th c.]

Synonyms

  • graphite
  • black lead

Translations

Further reading

  • David Barthelmy (1997–2021), “Plumbago”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
  • “plumbago”, in Mindat.org[1], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2021.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin plumbāgō. See also plombagine.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /plœ̃.ba.ɡo/

Noun

plumbago m (plural plumbagos)

  1. (botany) plumbago

Synonyms

  • dentelaire

Latin

Etymology

plumbum (lead) +‎ -āgō

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /plumˈbaː.ɡoː/, [pɫ̪ʊmˈbäːɡoː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /plumˈba.ɡo/, [plumˈbɑːɡɔ]

Noun

plumbāgō f (genitive plumbāginis); third declension

  1. graphite
  2. the color of graphite
  3. leadwort

Declension

Third-declension noun.

Related terms

Descendants

  • English: plumbago
  • French: plombagine, plumbago
  • Italian: piombaggine
  • Spanish: plumbagina, plumbagíneo

References

  • plumbago in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plumbago in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

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