grapnel vs grapple what difference

what is difference between grapnel and grapple

English

Etymology

From Anglo-Norman, from Old French grapil, grapin (French grappin).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɹæpnəl/

Noun

grapnel (plural grapnels)

  1. (nautical) A small anchor, having more than two flukes, used for anchoring a small vessel.
    • 1599, The fift voyage of M. Iohn VVhite into the VVest Indies and parts of America called Virginia, in the yeere 1590 in Richard Hakluyt (editor), The principal nauigations, voyages, traffiques and discoueries of the English nation, Volume 3, p. 292,[1]
      [] we espied towards the North end of the Iland ye light of a great fire thorow the woods, to the which we presently rowed: when wee came right ouer against it, we let fall our Grapnel neere the shore, & sounded with a trumpet a Call []
    • 1790, William Bligh, A Narrative of the Mutiny on Board his Majesty’s Ship Bounty, London: George Nicol, Entry for 1 June, 1789,[2]
      At dawn of day we got on shore, and tracked the boat into shelter; for the wind blowing fresh without, and the ground being rocky, I was afraid to trust her at a grapnel, lest she might be blown to sea: I was, therefore, obliged to let her ground in the course of the ebb.
    Synonym: graplin
  2. A device with a multiple hook at one end and attached to a rope, which is thrown or hooked over a firm mooring to secure an object attached to the other end of the rope.
  3. (nautical) A grappling iron.
    • 1785, John Rickman, Journal of Captain Cook’s Last Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, London: E. Newbery, Part II, p. 233,[3]
      [] the wind dying away, the signal was made for casting anchor, when both ships came to in 26 fathom water; but the Resolution expecting to come to with her small stream anchor, let the whole run out, and lost both anchor and hauser, besides the ship’s grapnel in looking for it.
    • 1887, Thomas Hardy, The Woodlanders, Chapter 22,[4]
      [] Why, you’ve flung your grapnel over the doctor, and he’s coming courting forthwith.”
    • 1936, Rafael Sabatini, “Sacrilege” in The Fortunes of Captain Blood,[5]
      But by the mercy o’ God to heretics, what were left o’ my poor ship got a hold on that guarda-costa’s timbers wi’ her grapnels, what time we climbs aboard her.

Translations

Verb

grapnel (third-person singular simple present grapnels, present participle grapnelling, simple past and past participle grapnelled)

  1. (transitive, nautical) To connect (ships) with a grapnel.


English

Alternative forms

  • graple (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: grăpʹəl, IPA(key): /ˈɡɹæpəl/
  • Rhymes: -æpəl
  • Hyphenation: grap‧ple

Etymology 1

From Middle English *grapplen (to seize, lay hold of), from Old English *græpplian (to seize) (compare Old English ġegræppian (to seize)), from Proto-Germanic *graipilōną, *grabbalōną (to seize), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrebʰ- (to take, seize, rake), equivalent to grab +‎ -le. Cognate with Dutch grabbelen (to grope, scramble, scrabble), German grabbeln (to rummage, grope about) and grapsen, grapschen (to seize, grasp, grabble). Influenced in some senses by grapple (tool with claws or hooks, noun) (see below). See further at grasp.

Verb

grapple (third-person singular simple present grapples, present participle grappling, simple past and past participle grappled)

  1. (transitive) To seize something and hold it firmly.
  2. (intransitive) To wrestle or tussle.
  3. (figuratively, with with) To ponder and intensely evaluate a problem; to struggle to deal with.
Translations

Noun

grapple (countable and uncountable, plural grapples)

  1. A close hand-to-hand struggle
  2. The act of grappling (uncountable)
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English *grapple, *graple, from Old French grappil (a ship’s grapple) (compare Old French grappin (hook)), from Old French grape, grappe, crape (hook), of Germanic origin, from Frankish *krappō (hook), from Proto-Indo-European *grep- (hook), *gremb- (crooked, uneven), from Proto-Indo-European *ger- (to turn, bend, twist). See further at grape. Influenced in some senses by grapple (seize, verb) (see above).

Noun

grapple (plural grapples)

  1. A tool with claws or hooks which is used to catch or hold something.
    1. (nautical) A device consisting of iron claws, attached to the end of a rope, used for grasping and holding an enemy ship prior to boarding; a grappling iron.
    2. (nautical) A grapnel (type of anchor).
Translations

Verb

grapple (third-person singular simple present grapples, present participle grappling, simple past and past participle grappled)

  1. (transitive) To fasten, as with a grapple; (by extension) to fix; to join indissolubly.
    • The gallies were grapled to the Centurion.
    • 1901, Leonard Charles Smithers, Oriental Tales, page 291:
      [] he provided himself with thieves’ tackle and repaired to the house of the vizier in question, where he grappled a rope ladder with grappling irons to the battlements and climbed up to the roof of the palace .
    • 1914, Proceedings of the International Anti-vivisection and Animal Protection Congress, Held at Washington, D.C., December 8th to 11th, 1913, page 51:
      [Animals are hung] one by one, by a chain or rope grappled about a hind ankle, and carried, thus suspended, by an overhead device, to where the sticker stands. As rapidly as he can thrust his knife into the throat he does his work.
    • 1988, Roger Lichtenberg Simon, Raising the dead (→ISBN)
      Then I saw it — a figure swinging just above the arches, hanging from rope grappled to a lintel of an alcove fifty feet above. It had to be Gordie.
    • 1997, European Conference on Security and Detection – ECOS97, Incorporating the One Day Symposium on Technology Used for Combating Fraud: 28-30 April 1997, Venue, Commomwealth Institute, London
      These toppings impart a swaying motion to anyone climbing a rope grappled onto them, making climbing difficult. This form of topping is worthy of further study.
    • 2012, Rudy Rodriguez, Before There Was, Lulu.com (→ISBN), page 448:
      He had one of the ropes grappled around a ledge of a window and the other end around his ankle for safety purposes, not really expecting it to come into play. He falls at such an accelerated speed that when the rope becomes taut, it spikes …
    • 2014, Robert E. Waters, The Wayward Eight: A Contract to Die For, Winged Hussar Publishing (→ISBN):
      The men scrambled down the three ropes that had been grappled up the shaft.
    • 2015, Chris Allen, Avenger: The Alex Morgan Interpol Spy Thriller Series (Intrepid 3), Pan (→ISBN)
      Morgan recoiled, ready to fend off another attack, but the rope grappled him back against the fence.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To climb (whether by means of a grapple and rope, or by hand, etc).
    • 2012, Allen G. Davison, The Blessed (→ISBN), page 149:
      Sam quickly geared up and placed the first hook. “I am coming as well,” Alicia announced. [] Sam planted the anchor and then grappled down as Alicia struggled to move more than a foot or shift down.
    • 2016, Cora Buhlert, St. Nicholas of Hell’s Kitchen: An Silencer Holiday Story, Pegasus Pulp Publishing (→ISBN), page 27:
      In cases such as this, the Silencer usually grappled up the outside of the building. But Rumpus’ tower was sixty storeys tall []
    • 2016, Russ Katz, The Principal’s Daughter, Dog Ear Publishing (→ISBN), page 5:
      I made haste and grappled up the next branch, determined to get to the top first.
    • 2017, Edward W. Robertson, Freefall:
      MacAdams didn’t look back to see what they were up to, just ran across the flat roof and grappled down the other side of the building.
    • 2020, Adair Hart, The Earthborn Box Set: Books 1-3, Quantum Edge Publishing (→ISBN)
      He grappled up the tree and perched himself on a branch that gave him a good view over the most of the jungle.
    • 2020, Siddhartha Thorat, Operation Hellfire (Sristhi Publishers & Distributors, →ISBN)
      As soon as the snipers had confirmed that the roof was clear, the commandos had grappled up the five stories. They had used a grappling hook called Tactical Air Initiated Launch (TAIL) System which could shoot a grappling hook using []
  3. (intransitive) To use a grapple (for example to attempt to find, hook, and raise a net or cable).
    • 1912, Sessional Papers – Legislature of the Province of Ontario, page 126:
      The following days I spent patrolling the river and grappling for nets. On Wednesday , 18th July , left Gananoque at 7 a.m.; patrolled down to Rockport, []
    • 2012, Jamal Manassah, Innovations in Telecommunications, Elsevier (→ISBN), page 427:
      After returning from the cable factory with another load of cable and repeaters, the buoy will be recovered or the rope grappled for. When the previous section is aboard the ship, transmission tests are made []
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To hook and raise with a grapple.
    • 1861, Report of the Joint Committee Appointed by the Lords of the Committee of [Great British] Privy Council for Trade and the Atlantic Telegraph Company, page 263:
      The place where the cable got jammed and broken at the bottom was two or three miles from where I grappled up the cable the first time. I do not, of course, know for certain whether rocks with crevices exist.
    • 1908, New York (State). Court of Appeals., New York Court of Appeals. Records and Briefs:
      [page 11:] Weston had just grappled the net, when we saw the light corning up the lake.
      [page 15:] A. About an hour and a half after dark with Weston I rowed across to this point where the net was set, and he, with a grappling hook, grappled up the net.

Translations

References

  • “grapple”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial