grass vs smoke what difference

what is difference between grass and smoke

English

Etymology

From Middle English gras, gres, gers, from Old English græs, gærs (grass, blade of grass, herb, young corn, hay, plant; pasture), from Proto-West Germanic *gras (grass), from Proto-Germanic *grasą (grass), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (to grow).

The “informer” sense is probably a shortening of grasshopper (police officer, informant), rhyming slang for copper (police officer) or shopper (informant) (the exact sequence of derivation is unclear).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: gräs, IPA(key): /ɡɹɑːs/
    • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠ɑːs]
    • (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠äːs], [ɡɹ̠ɐːs]
    • Rhymes: -ɑːs
  • enPR: grăs, IPA(key): /ɡɹæs/
    • (US, Canada) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠æs], [ɡɹ̠ɛəs], [ɡɹ̠eəs]
    • (Northern England, Ireland) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠as], [ɡɹ̠æs]
    • Rhymes: -æs

Noun

grass (countable and uncountable, plural grasses)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Any plant of the family Poaceae, characterized by leaves that arise from nodes in the stem and leaf bases that wrap around the stem, especially those grown as ground cover rather than for grain.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:grass
    • Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, Return, ye children of men.
      For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
      Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning they are like grass which groweth up.
      In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth.
  2. (countable) Various plants not in family Poaceae that resemble grasses.
  3. (uncountable) A lawn.
  4. (uncountable, slang) Marijuana.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:marijuana
  5. (countable, Britain, slang) An informer, police informer; one who betrays a group (of criminals, etc) to the authorities.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:informant
  6. (uncountable, physics) Sharp, closely spaced discontinuities in the trace of a cathode-ray tube, produced by random interference.
  7. (uncountable, slang) Noise on an A-scope or similar type of radar display.
    • 1960, United States. Bureau of Naval Personnel, Radarman 3 & 2 (volume 1, page 49)
      The problem in radar detection is to have a signal to noise ratio that will allow the echo to be seen through the grass on the radar screen. The use of a long pulse allows a greater average signal strength to be returned in the target echoes.
    • 1963, Analysis of Weapons (page 61)
      Some of the scattered waves can be picked up by the receiver and may show up as “grass” on the radar presentation. Weather radars make use of this phenomenon to chart the progress of storms.
  8. The season of fresh grass; spring or summer.
    Synonyms: breakup, spring, springtime
  9. (obsolete, figuratively) That which is transitory.
    Synonym: ephemera
  10. (countable, folk etymology) Asparagus; “sparrowgrass”.
  11. (mining) The surface of a mine.

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Tok Pisin: gras, garas
  • Fiji Hindi: giraas

Translations

See also

  • Poaceae on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
  • Grass (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Verb

grass (third-person singular simple present grasses, present participle grassing, simple past and past participle grassed)

  1. (transitive) To lay out on the grass; to knock down (an opponent etc.).
    Synonyms: flatten, floor, lay low, lay out, knock down, knock out, knock over, strike down
  2. (transitive or intransitive, slang) To act as a grass or informer, to betray; to report on (criminals etc) to the authorities.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:rat out
  3. (transitive) To cover with grass or with turf.
  4. (transitive) To feed with grass.
  5. (transitive) To expose, as flax, on the grass for bleaching, etc.
  6. (transitive) To bring to the grass or ground; to land.
    • 1903, John Buchan, The African Colony
      Let him hook and land a tigerfish of 20 lb., at the imminent risk of capsizing and joining the company of the engaging crocodiles, or, when he has grassed the fish, of having a finger bitten off by his iron teeth []

Translations


Cimbrian

Alternative forms

  • gras (Sette Comuni)

Etymology

From Middle High German gras, from Old High German gras, from Proto-West Germanic *gras, from Proto-Germanic *grasą. Cognate with German Gras, English grass.

Noun

grass m

  1. (Luserna, Tredici Comuni) grass

References

  • “grass” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Lombard

Etymology

From Latin crassus. Compare Italian grasso.

Adjective

grass

  1. fat, thick

Noun

grass

  1. fat, grease

Romansch

Etymology

From Latin crassus. Compare French graisse.

Noun

grass m

  1. fat


English

Alternative forms

  • smoak (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: smōk, IPA(key): /sməʊk/
  • (US) enPR: smōk, IPA(key): /smoʊk/
  • Rhymes: -əʊk

Etymology 1

From Middle English smoke, from Old English smoca (smoke), probably a derivative of the verb (see below). Related to Dutch smook (smoke), Middle Low German smôk (smoke), dialectal German Schmauch (smoke).

Noun

smoke (countable and uncountable, plural smokes)

  1. (uncountable) The visible vapor/vapour, gases, and fine particles given off by burning or smoldering material.
  2. (colloquial, countable) A cigarette.
    • 2019, Idles, “Never Fight a Man With a Perm”, Joy as an Act of Resistance.
  3. (colloquial, uncountable) Anything to smoke (e.g. cigarettes, marijuana, etc.)
    Hey, you got some smoke?
  4. (colloquial, countable, never plural) An instance of smoking a cigarette, cigar, etc.; the duration of this act.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII:
      I lit a pipe and had a good long smoke, and went on watching.
  5. (uncountable, figuratively) A fleeting illusion; something insubstantial, evanescent, unreal, transitory, or without result.
    • 1974, John le Carré, Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy, New York: Knopf, Chapter 6, p. 44,[1]
      I fed her a lot of smoke about a sheep station outside Adelaide and a big property in the high street with a glass front and ‘Thomas’ in lights. She didn’t believe me.
  6. (uncountable, figuratively) Something used to obscure or conceal; an obscuring condition; see also smoke and mirrors.
  7. (uncountable) A light grey colour/color tinted with blue.
  8. (uncountable, slang) Bother; problems; hassle.
  9. (military, uncountable) A particulate of solid or liquid particles dispersed into the air on the battlefield to degrade enemy ground or for aerial observation. Smoke has many uses–screening smoke, signaling smoke, smoke curtain, smoke haze, and smoke deception. Thus it is an artificial aerosol.
  10. (baseball, slang) A fastball.
  11. (countable) A distinct column of smoke, such as indicating a burning area or fire.
Synonyms
  • (cigarette): cig, ciggy, cancer stick, coffin nail, fag (British, Australia)
Derived terms
Translations

See smoke/translations § Noun.

Related terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English smoken, from Old English smocian (to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate), from Proto-West Germanic *smokōn, from Proto-Germanic *smukōną (to smoke), ablaut derivative of Proto-Germanic *smaukaną (to smoke), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)mewg- (to smoke). Cognate with Saterland Frisian smookje (to smoke), West Frisian smoke (to smoke), Low German smöken (to smoke), German Low German smoken (to smoke). Related also to Old English smēocan (to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate), Bavarian schmuckelen (to smell bad, reek).

Verb

smoke (third-person singular simple present smokes, present participle smoking, simple past and past participle smoked)

  1. (transitive) To inhale and exhale the smoke from a burning cigarette, cigar, pipe, etc.
  2. (intransitive) To inhale and exhale tobacco smoke.
  3. (intransitive) To give off smoke.
    • 1645, John Milton, L’Allegro
      Hard by a cottage chimney smokes.
    1. (intransitive) Of a fire in a fireplace: to emit smoke outward instead of up the chimney, owing to imperfect draught.
  4. (transitive) To preserve or prepare (food) for consumption by treating with smoke.
  5. (transitive) To dry or medicate by smoke.
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To fill or scent with smoke; hence, to fill with incense; to perfume.
    • Smoking the temple, ful of clothes fayre, / This Emelie with herte debonaire / Hire body wesshe with water of a well []
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To make unclear or blurry.
    • 1820, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Oedipus Tyrannus; Or, Swellfoot The Tyrant: A Tragedy in Two Acts:
      Smoke your bits of glass,
      Ye loyal Swine, or her transfiguration
      Will blind your wondering eyes.
  8. (intransitive, slang, chiefly as present participle) To perform (e.g. music) energetically or skillfully.
  9. (US, Canada, New Zealand, slang) To beat someone at something.
  10. (transitive, US, slang) To kill, especially with a gun.
  11. (transitive, slang, obsolete) To thrash; to beat.
  12. (obsolete, transitive) To smell out; to hunt out; to find out; to detect.
    • Upon that [] I began to smoke that they were a parcel of mummers.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
      The squire gave him a good curse at his departure; and then turning to the parson, he cried out, “I smoke it: I smoke it. Tom is certainly the father of this bastard. []
  13. (slang, obsolete, transitive) To ridicule to the face; to mock.
  14. To burn; to be kindled; to rage.
    • The anger of the Lord and his jealousy shall smoke against that man.
  15. To raise a dust or smoke by rapid motion.
    • Proud of his steeds, he smokes along the field.
  16. To suffer severely; to be punished.
  17. (transitive, US military slang) To punish (a person) for a minor offense by excessive physical exercise.
  18. (transitive) To cover (a key blank) with soot or carbon to aid in seeing the marks made by impressioning.
Synonyms
  • (to inhale and exhale smoke from a burning cigarette): have a smoke
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Dutch: smoken
Translations

See also

Anagrams

  • Mesko, mokes

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • smok, smoc

Etymology

From Old English smoca.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsmɔːk(ə)/

Noun

smoke (uncountable)

  1. smoke

Descendants

  • English: smoke
  • Yola: smock

References

  • “smōke, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

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