grate vs scrape what difference

what is difference between grate and scrape

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: grāt, IPA(key): /ɡɹeɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt
  • Homophone: great

Etymology 1

From Middle English grate, from a Medieval Latin grāta, from a Latin word for a hurdle; or Italian grata, from Latin cratis.

Noun

grate (plural grates)

  1. a horizontal metal grill through which water, ash, or small objects can fall, while larger objects cannot
  2. a frame or bed, or kind of basket, of iron bars, for holding fuel while burning
Synonyms
  • grill
Translations

Verb

grate (third-person singular simple present grates, present participle grating, simple past and past participle grated)

  1. (transitive) to furnish with grates; to protect with a grating or crossbars

Etymology 2

From Middle English graten, from Old French grater (to scrape) ( > French gratter), from Frankish *krattōn, from Proto-Germanic *krattōną. Cognate with Old High German krazzon ( > German kratzen (to scrawl) > Danish kradse), Icelandic krassa (to scrawl) and Danish kratte.

Verb

grate (third-person singular simple present grates, present participle grating, simple past and past participle grated)

  1. (transitive, cooking) to shred (things, usually foodstuffs), by rubbing across a grater
  2. (intransitive) to make an unpleasant rasping sound, often as the result of rubbing against something
    • 1856, Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, Part 3 Chapter X, translated by Eleanor Marx-Aveling
      The gate suddenly grated. It was Lestiboudois; he came to fetch his spade, that he had forgotten. He recognised Justin climbing over the wall, and at last knew who was the culprit who stole his potatoes.
  3. (by extension, intransitive) to get on one’s nerves; to irritate, annoy
  4. (by extension, transitive) to annoy
    • 2015, Art Levy in Florida Trend, Roland Martin is a Florida ‘Icon’
      one of the issues that’s kind of grating me a little bit is weed control.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

From Latin grātus (agreeable).

Adjective

grate (comparative more grate, superlative most grate)

  1. (obsolete) serving to gratify; agreeable.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir T. Herbert to this entry?)

Etymology 4

Adjective

grate (comparative more grate, superlative most grate)

  1. Obsolete spelling of great
    • c. 1815, Mary Woody, A true account of Nayomy Wise
      He promisd her a grate reward

References

Anagrams

  • ‘Gater, Gater, Greta, ergat-, great, great-, retag, targe, terga

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡra.te/

Adjective

grate f

  1. feminine plural of grato

Anagrams

  • terga

Latin

Etymology

From grātus (agreeable).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡraː.teː/, [ˈɡɾäːt̪eː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈɡra.te/, [ˈɡrɑːt̪ɛ]

Adverb

grātē (comparative grātius, superlative grātissimē)

  1. gladly, willingly
  2. gratefully, thankfully

Related terms

References

  • grate in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • grate in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Yola

Etymology

From Middle English grot.

Noun

grate

  1. a groat

References

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith


English

Etymology

From Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa (to scrape, scratch) and Old English scrapian (to scrape, scratch), both from Proto-Germanic *skrapōną, *skrepaną (to scrape, scratch), from Proto-Indo-European *skreb- (to engrave). Cognate with Dutch schrapen (to scrape), schrappen (to strike through; to cancel; to scrap), schrabben (to scratch), German schrappen (to scrape), Danish skrabe (to scrape), Icelandic skrapa (to scrape), Walloon screper (to scrape), Latin scribō (dig with a pen, draw, write).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: skrāp, IPA(key): /skɹeɪp/
  • Rhymes: -eɪp

Verb

scrape (third-person singular simple present scrapes, present participle scraping, simple past and past participle scraped)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To draw (an object, especially a sharp or angular one), along (something) while exerting pressure.
  2. (transitive) To remove (something) by drawing an object along in this manner.
  3. (transitive) To injure or damage by rubbing across a surface.
  4. (transitive) To barely manage to achieve.
  5. (transitive) To collect or gather, especially without regard to the quality of what is chosen.
  6. (computing) To extract data by automated means from a format not intended to be machine-readable, such as a screenshot or a formatted web page.
  7. (intransitive) To occupy oneself with getting laboriously.
  8. (transitive, intransitive) To play awkwardly and inharmoniously on a violin or similar instrument.
  9. To draw back the right foot along the ground or floor when making a bow.
  10. To express disapprobation of (a play, etc.) or to silence (a speaker) by drawing the feet back and forth upon the floor; usually with down.
    • 1841, Thomas Babington Macaulay, Warren Hastings
      All the various kinds of interest which 80 strongly against the accused , that his friends belong to the near and to the distant , to the were coughed and scraped down.

Synonyms

  • (draw an object along while exerting pressure): grate, scratch, drag
  • (injure by scraping): abrade, chafe, graze

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

scrape (countable and uncountable, plural scrapes)

  1. A broad, shallow injury left by scraping (rather than a cut or a scratch).
  2. (slang) A fight, especially a fistfight without weapons.
  3. An awkward set of circumstances.
  4. (Britain, slang) A D and C or abortion; or, a miscarriage.
    • 1972, in U.S. Senate Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, Abuse of psychiatry for political repression in the Soviet Union. Hearing, Ninety-second Congress, second session, United States Government Printing Office, page 127,
      It’s quite possible, in view of the diagnosis ‘danger of miscarriage’, that they might drag me off, give me a scrape and then say that the miscarriage began itself.
    • 1980, John Cobb, Babyshock: A Mother’s First Five Years, Hutchinson, page 232,
      In expert hands abortion nowadays is almost the same as having a scrape (D & C) and due to improved techniques such as suction termination, and improved lighter anaesthetic, most women feel no worse than having a tooth out.
    • 1985, Beverley Raphael, The Anatomy of Bereavement: a handbook for the caring professions, Routledge, →ISBN, page 236,
      The loss is significant to the woman and will be stated as such by her. For her it is not “nothing,” “just a scrape,” or “not a life.” It is the beginning of a baby. Years later, she may recall it not just as a miscarriage but also as a baby that was lost.
    • 1999, David Jenkins, Listening to Gynaecological Patients\ Problems, Springer, →ISBN, page 16,
      17.Have you had a scrape or curettage recently?
  5. A shallow depression used by ground birds as a nest; a nest scrape.
    • 1948, in Behaviour: An International Journal of Comparative Ethology, E. J. Brill, page 103,
      We knew from U. Weidmann’s work (1956) that Black-headed Gulls could be prevented from laying by offering them eggs on the empty scrape veil before […]
    • 2000, Charles A. Taylor, The Kingfisher Science Encyclopedia, Kingfisher Publications, →ISBN, page 85,
      The plover lays its eggs in a scrape on the ground. ¶ […] ¶ Birds’ nests can be little more than a scrape in the ground or a delicate structure of plant material, mud, and saliva.
    • 2006, Les Beletsky, Birds of the World, Johns Hopkins University Press, →ISBN, page 95,
      Turkey females place their eggs in a shallow scrape in a hidden spot on the ground. Young are born ready to leave the nest and feed themselves (eating insects for their first few weeks).
  6. (military) A shallow pit dug as a hideout.
    • 2014, Harry Turtledove, Hitler’s War
      In between rounds, he dug a scrape for himself with his entrenching tool.
  7. (Britain, slang) A shave.
    • 1945, Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire (page 66)
      A’m goin to the barber’s for a scrape.
  8. (uncountable, Britain, slang, obsolete) Cheap butter.
  9. (uncountable, Britain, slang, obsolete) Butter laid on bread in the thinnest possible manner, as though laid on and scraped off again.

Quotations

  • 2001, Carolyn Cooke, The Bostons, Houghton Mifflin Books, →ISBN, page 172–173,
    He could hear deer moo in the woods, smell their musk, spot a scrape in a birch tree twenty feet away.
  • 2005, Dragan Vujic, Hunting Farm Country Whitetails, iUniverse, →ISBN, page 58,
    Female whitetails periodically investigate scrapes created by specific bucks. As the doe approaches estrus and becomes receptive to breeding, she will urinate in a scrape as a sharp signal to the buck that she is ready for him.

Synonyms

  • (injury): abrasion, graze
  • (fight): altercation, brawl, fistfight, fight, fisticuffs, punch-up, scuffle
  • (awkward set of circumstances): bind, fix, mess, pickle
  • See also Thesaurus:injury

Derived terms

  • bread and scrape

Translations

References

  • (a shave; butter): 1873, John Camden Hotten, The Slang Dictionary

Anagrams

  • CASREP, Casper, Pacers, Scaper, capers, crapes, e-scrap, escarp, pacers, parsec, recaps, scaper, secpar, spacer

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