gravel vs rag what difference

what is difference between gravel and rag

English

Etymology

From Middle English gravel, grauel, from Old French gravele, diminutive of grave (gravel, seashore), from Medieval Latin grava, ultimately from Proto-Celtic *grāwā (gravel, pebbles) (compare Breton groa, Cornish grow, Welsh gro), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰroh₁weh₂, from *gʰreh₁w- (to grind). Compare also Old English græfa (coal).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɹævəl/
  • Rhymes: -ævəl

Noun

gravel (usually uncountable, plural gravels)

  1. (uncountable) Small fragments of rock, used for laying on the beds of roads and railways, and as ballast.
  2. A type or grade of small rocks, differentiated by mineral type, size range, or other characteristics.
  3. (uncountable, geology) A particle from 2 to 64 mm in diameter, following the Wentworth scale.
    Coordinate terms: (>256 mm) boulder, (64–256 mm) cobble, (62.5 μm – 2 mm) sand, (3.9–62.5 μm) silt, (0.98–3.9 μm) clay, (0.95–977 nm) colloid
  4. (uncountable, archaic) Kidney stones; a deposit of small calculous concretions in the kidneys and the urinary or gall bladder; also, the disease of which they are a symptom.

Synonyms

  • (small stones or pebbles): chisel/chessil
  • (calculus deposit): stones, gallstones

Derived terms

  • gravel pit
  • gravel road
  • pea gravel

Translations

See also

  • alluvium

Verb

gravel (third-person singular simple present gravels, present participle gravelling or graveling, simple past and past participle gravelled or graveled)

  1. (transitive) To apply a layer of gravel to the surface of a road, etc.
  2. To puzzle or annoy.
  3. To run (as a ship) upon the gravel or beach; to run aground; to cause to stick fast in gravel or sand.
    • 1605, William Camden, “Grave Speeches and wittie Apothegms of worthy Personages of this Realm in former times,” in Remaines Concerning Britain, London: Simon Miller, sixth impression, 1657, p. 243, [3]
      William Conqerour when he invaded this Iland, chanced at his arrival to be gravelled, and one of his feet stuck so fast in the sand, that he fell to the ground.
  4. To check or stop; to embarrass; to perplex.
    • 1579, Sir Thomas North, tr., Plutarch’s Lives, The Life of Marcus Antonius:
      The physician was so gravelled and amazed withal, that he had not a word more to say.
    • 1598, Shakespeare, As You Like It, Act IV:
      When you were gravelled for lack of matter.
    • 1830, Joseph Plumb Martin, A Narrative of Some of the Adventures, Dangers and Sufferings of a Revolutionary Soldier, Ch. VIII:
      [] I arrived at a spot where I was completely gravelled, and could go no farther one way or the other; []
  5. To hurt or lame (a horse) by gravel lodged between the shoe and foot.

Usage notes

  • In North American English, the forms graveled and graveling are more common.

Translations

Anagrams

  • glaver

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English gravel.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: gra‧vel

Noun

gravel m or n (uncountable)

  1. clay court (surface for playing tennis)


English

Pronunciation

  • (General American, Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɹæɡ/
  • Rhymes: -æɡ

Etymology 1

From Middle English ragge, from Old English ragg (suggested by derivative raggiġ (shaggy; bristly; ragged)), from Old Norse rǫgg (tuft; shagginess). Cognate with Swedish ragg. Related to rug.

Noun

rag (plural rags)

  1. (in the plural) Tattered clothes.
  2. A piece of old cloth, especially one used for cleaning, patching, etc.; a tattered piece of cloth; a shred or tatter.
  3. A shabby, beggarly fellow; a ragamuffin.
  4. A ragged edge in metalworking.
  5. (nautical, slang) A sail, or any piece of canvas.
  6. (singular or plural, slang) Sanitary napkins, pads, or other materials used to absorb menstrual discharge.
  7. (slang, derogatory) A newspaper or magazine, especially one whose journalism is considered to be of poor quality.
    Synonym: fish wrap
  8. (poker) A poor, low-ranking kicker.
    I have ace-four on my hand. In other words, I have ace-rag.
  9. (slang, theater) A curtain of various kinds.
  10. (dated) A person suffering from exhaustion or lack of energy.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

rag (third-person singular simple present rags, present participle ragging, simple past and past participle ragged)

  1. (transitive) To decorate (a wall, etc.) by applying paint with a rag.
  2. (intransitive) To become tattered.

Etymology 2

Unknown origin; perhaps the same word as Etymology 1, above.

Noun

rag (plural rags)

  1. A coarse kind of rock, somewhat cellular in texture; ragstone.
    • 2003, Peter Ackroyd, The Clerkenwell Tales, page 1:
      the three walls around the garden, each one of thirty-three feet, were built out of three layers of stone — pebble stone, flint and rag stone.
Derived terms
  • coral rag
  • Kentish rag
  • ragwork

Verb

rag (third-person singular simple present rags, present participle ragging, simple past and past participle ragged)

  1. To break (ore) into lumps for sorting.
  2. To cut or dress roughly, as a grindstone.

Etymology 3

Origin uncertain.

Verb

rag (third-person singular simple present rags, present participle ragging, simple past and past participle ragged)

  1. To scold or tell off; to torment; to banter.
  2. (Britain slang) To drive a car or another vehicle in a hard, fast or unsympathetic manner.
  3. To tease or torment, especially at a university; to bully, to haze.
Derived terms
  • bullirag
  • rag the puck
  • rag on
Translations

Noun

rag (plural rags)

  1. (dated) A prank or practical joke.
  2. (Britain, Ireland) A society run by university students for the purpose of charitable fundraising.

Derived terms

  • rag day
  • rag week

Etymology 4

Perhaps from ragged. Compare later ragtime.

Noun

rag (plural rags)

  1. (obsolete, US) An informal dance party featuring music played by African-American string bands. [19th c.]
  2. A ragtime song, dance or piece of music. [from 19th c.]
Translations

Verb

rag (third-person singular simple present rags, present participle ragging, simple past and past participle ragged)

  1. (transitive, informal) To play or compose (a piece, melody, etc.) in syncopated time.
  2. (intransitive, informal) To dance to ragtime music.
  3. (music, obsolete) To add syncopation (to a tune) and thereby make it appropriate for a ragtime song.

References

Anagrams

  • ARG, Arg., GAR, Gra, RGA, arg, gar

Breton

Preposition

rag

  1. before

Dutch

Etymology 1

Unknown, only found to related to West Frisian reach, though possibly more distantly to Old Saxon raginna (rough hair), Old English ragu (moss).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɑx/

Noun

rag n (plural raggen, diminutive ragje n)

  1. spider silk
Synonyms
  • spinrag
Derived terms
  • ragfijn

Etymology 2

From English rag.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɛɡ/

Noun

rag n (plural rags, diminutive ragje n)

  1. a piece of ragtime music

German

Verb

rag

  1. singular imperative of ragen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of ragen

Hungarian

Etymology

Back-formation from ragad. Created during the Hungarian language reform, which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɒɡ]
  • Hyphenation: rag
  • Rhymes: -ɒɡ

Noun

rag (plural ragok)

  1. (grammar) inflectional suffix/affix, termination, ending (for nominals, mostly case endings; for verbs and postpositions, personal suffixes; almost exclusively at the very end of a word in Hungarian)
    Hypernym: toldalék
    Coordinate terms: képző, jel

Declension

Derived terms

See also

  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Further reading

  • (suffix): rag in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ([regional] a kind of beam or a part of the roof): rag in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

North Frisian

Noun

rag m (plural rager)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) (anatomy) back

Scottish Gaelic

Adjective

rag

  1. stiff, rigid, inflexible
  2. stubborn, obstinate

Derived terms

  • rag-mhuinealach

Somali

Noun

rag ?

  1. man

Zhuang

Pronunciation

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /ɣaːk˧/
  • Tone numbers: rag8
  • Hyphenation: rag

Etymology 1

From Proto-Tai *C̬.raːkᴰ (root). Cognate with Thai ราก (râak), Northern Thai ᩁᩣ᩠ᨠ, Khün ᩁᩣ᩠ᨠ, Lao ຮາກ (hāk), ᦣᦱᧅ (haak), Tai Dam ꪭꪱꪀ, Shan ႁၢၵ်ႈ (hāak), Ahom ???????????? (rak), Nong Zhuang laeg, Zuojiang Zhuang lag, Saek ร̄าก.

Noun

rag (old orthography rag)

  1. root

Etymology 2

From Proto-Tai *C̬.laːkᴰ (to pull; to drag). Cognate with Thai ลาก (lâak), Lao ລາກ (lāk), Shan လၢၵ်ႈ (lāak), Ahom ???????????? (lak), Nong Zhuang laeg, Zuojiang Zhuang lag.

Verb

rag (old orthography rag)

  1. to drag; to pull; to haul

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