groom vs hostler what difference

what is difference between groom and hostler



  • IPA(key): /ɡɹuːm/
  • Rhymes: -uːm

Etymology 1

1604, short for bridegroom (husband-to-be), from Middle English brydgrome, alteration (with intrusive r) of earlier bridegome (bridegroom), from Old English brȳdguma (bridegroom), from brȳd (bride) + guma (man, hero). In Middle English, the second element was re-analyzed as or influenced by grom, grome (attendant). Guma derives from Proto-Germanic *gumô (man, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō; it is cognate to Icelandic gumi and Norwegian gume and, ultimately, human.


groom (plural grooms)

  1. A man who is about to marry.
    Synonym: bridegroom
Coordinate terms
  • bride
  • bride-to-be
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English grom, grome (man-child, boy, youth), of uncertain origin. Apparently related to Middle Dutch grom (boy), Old Icelandic grómr, gromr (man, manservant, boy), Old French gromme (manservant), from the same Proto-Germanic root. Possibly from Old English grōma, from Proto-Germanic *grōmô, related to *grōaną (to grow), though uncertain as *grōaną was used typically of plants; its secondary meaning being “to turn green”.

Alternative etymology describes Middle English grom, grome as an alteration of gome (man) with an intrusive r (also found in bridegroom, hoarse, cartridge, etc.), with the Middle Dutch and Old Icelandic cognates following similar variation of their respective forms.


groom (plural grooms)

  1. A person who cares for horses.
  2. One of several officers of the English royal household, chiefly in the lord chamberlain’s department.
    the groom of the chamber; the groom of the stole
  3. A brushing or cleaning, as of a dog or horse.
    Give the mare a quick groom before you take her out.
  • ostler


groom (third-person singular simple present grooms, present participle grooming, simple past and past participle groomed)

  1. To attend to one’s appearance and clothing.
  2. (transitive) To care for (horses or other animals) by brushing and cleaning them.
  3. (transitive) To prepare (someone) for election or appointment.
  4. (transitive) To prepare (a ski slope) for skiers by packing down the snow.
  5. (transitive) To attempt to gain the trust of (somebody, especially a minor) with the intention of subjecting them to abusive or exploitative behaviour such as sexual abuse or human trafficking.
  6. (transitive, software engineering) In agile software development, to review and prioritize the items in the development backlog.
Related terms
  • groomed
  • grooming
  • bridegroom

Further reading

  • Groom in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)


  • Mogor


Alternative forms

  • ostler


Syncopated form of hosteler, from Middle English hostiler, from Middle French hostiler, from Old French hostelier, from Medieval Latin hostilārius, hospitālārius, from hospitāle “inn”, from hospitālis “hospitable”, from hospes “host, guest”. Both hostler and its alternate form ostler originally meant simply “innkeeper”, and acquired a specific association with horses in the second half of the 14th century. Doublet of hotelier.


  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈ(h)ɒs.lə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈ(h)ɑːs.lɚ/


hostler (plural hostlers)

  1. A person employed at an inn, hostelry, or stable to look after horses; a groom
  2. (by extension) A person employed to care for a locomotive or other large engine.


  • groom

Related terms

  • hostelry


See also

  • hosteler


  • Holters, holster, orthels

Middle English



  1. Alternative form of hostiler

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