groom vs neaten what difference

what is difference between groom and neaten



  • IPA(key): /ɡɹuːm/
  • Rhymes: -uːm

Etymology 1

1604, short for bridegroom (husband-to-be), from Middle English brydgrome, alteration (with intrusive r) of earlier bridegome (bridegroom), from Old English brȳdguma (bridegroom), from brȳd (bride) + guma (man, hero). In Middle English, the second element was re-analyzed as or influenced by grom, grome (attendant). Guma derives from Proto-Germanic *gumô (man, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō; it is cognate to Icelandic gumi and Norwegian gume and, ultimately, human.


groom (plural grooms)

  1. A man who is about to marry.
    Synonym: bridegroom
Coordinate terms
  • bride
  • bride-to-be
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English grom, grome (man-child, boy, youth), of uncertain origin. Apparently related to Middle Dutch grom (boy), Old Icelandic grómr, gromr (man, manservant, boy), Old French gromme (manservant), from the same Proto-Germanic root. Possibly from Old English grōma, from Proto-Germanic *grōmô, related to *grōaną (to grow), though uncertain as *grōaną was used typically of plants; its secondary meaning being “to turn green”.

Alternative etymology describes Middle English grom, grome as an alteration of gome (man) with an intrusive r (also found in bridegroom, hoarse, cartridge, etc.), with the Middle Dutch and Old Icelandic cognates following similar variation of their respective forms.


groom (plural grooms)

  1. A person who cares for horses.
  2. One of several officers of the English royal household, chiefly in the lord chamberlain’s department.
    the groom of the chamber; the groom of the stole
  3. A brushing or cleaning, as of a dog or horse.
    Give the mare a quick groom before you take her out.
  • ostler


groom (third-person singular simple present grooms, present participle grooming, simple past and past participle groomed)

  1. To attend to one’s appearance and clothing.
  2. (transitive) To care for (horses or other animals) by brushing and cleaning them.
  3. (transitive) To prepare (someone) for election or appointment.
  4. (transitive) To prepare (a ski slope) for skiers by packing down the snow.
  5. (transitive) To attempt to gain the trust of (somebody, especially a minor) with the intention of subjecting them to abusive or exploitative behaviour such as sexual abuse or human trafficking.
  6. (transitive, software engineering) In agile software development, to review and prioritize the items in the development backlog.
Related terms
  • groomed
  • grooming
  • bridegroom

Further reading

  • Groom in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)


  • Mogor



neat +‎ -en


neaten (third-person singular simple present neatens, present participle neatening, simple past and past participle neatened)

  1. (transitive) To make (someone or something) neat; to arrange (people or things) in an orderly, tidy way; to tidy.
    She made a frantic attempt to neaten her hair.
  2. (intransitive) To engage in activity that arranges someone or something in an orderly, tidy way.
    Don’t mind me if I neaten while you talk.



  • The Oxford English Dictionary


  • Etnean, nantee

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