gross vs rank what difference

what is difference between gross and rank

English

Etymology

From Middle English gross (whole, entire; flagrant, monstrous), from Old French gros (big, thick, large, stout), from Late Latin grossus (thick in diameter, coarse), and Medieval Latin grossus (great, big), influenced by Old High German grōz (big, thick, coarse), from Proto-Germanic *grautaz (large, great, thick, coarse grained, unrefined), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰer- (to rub, to stroke, to grind). Cognate with French grossier (gross). See also French dialectal grôt, groût (large) (Berry) and grô (large) (Burgundy), Catalan gros (big), Dutch groot (big, large), German groß (large), English great. More at great.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɡɹəʊs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɡɹoʊs/
  • Homophone: Gross
  • Rhymes: -əʊs

Adjective

gross (comparative grosser or more gross, superlative grossest or most gross)

  1. (of behaviour considered to be wrong) Highly or conspicuously offensive.
    Synonyms: serious, flagrant, shameful, appalling, egregious.
    • c. 1595, William Shakespeare, Richard II, Act II, Scene 3,[1]
      Henry IV. My gracious uncle, let me know my fault:
      On what condition stands it and wherein?
      Edmund of Langley. Even in condition of the worst degree,
      In gross rebellion and detested treason:
    • 1682, Aphra Behn, The City-Heiress, London: D. Brown et al., Act IV, Scene 1, p. 40,[2]
      Your very faults, how gross soere, to me
      Have something pleasing in ’em.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, Dublin: John Smith, Volume 3, Book 18, Chapter 10, p. 336,[3]
      [] I thank Heaven I have had Time to reflect on my past Life, where though I cannot charge myself with any gross Villainy, yet I can discern Follies and Vices too sufficient to repent and to be ashamed of;
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, Chapter 13,[4]
      [] had his actions been what Wickham represented them, so gross a violation of every thing right could hardly have been concealed from the world;
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows, Chapter 6,[5]
      [] he has been found guilty, on the clearest evidence, first, of stealing a valuable motor-car; secondly, of driving to the public danger; and, thirdly, of gross impertinence to the rural police.
  2. (of an amount) Excluding any deductions; including all associated amounts.
    Synonyms: whole, entire, overall, total, aggregate
    Antonym: net
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 2, Act II, Scene 1,[6]
      What is the gross sum that I owe thee?
    • 1878, Thomas Hardy, The Return of the Native, Book 6, Chapter 1,[7]
      For a man of his habits the house and the hundred and twenty pounds a year which he had inherited from his mother were enough to supply all worldly needs. Resources do not depend upon gross amounts, but upon the proportion of spendings to takings.
    • 1937, George Orwell, The Road to Wigan Pier, Penguin, 1962, Part 1, Chapter 3, p. 37,[8]
      [] please notice that even these wretched earnings are gross earnings. On top of this there are all kinds of stoppages which are deducted from the miner’s wages every week.
  3. (sciences, pathology) Seen without a microscope (usually for a tissue or an organ); at a large scale; not detailed.
    Synonym: macroscopic
    Antonym: microscopic
    • 1962, Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, Chapter 12, p. 190,[9]
      We are accustomed to look for the gross and immediate effect and to ignore all else. Unless this appears promptly and in such obvious form that it cannot be ignored, we deny the existence of hazard.
  4. (slang, Canada, US) Causing disgust.
    Synonyms: gro, grody, grotty, disgusting, nasty, revolting, yucky
    • 1978, Armistead Maupin, Tales of the City, New York: Harper & Row, 1989, “Ties That Bind,” p. 293,[10]
      Mary Ann spent her lunch hour at Hastings, picking out just the right tie for Norman. The hint might not be terribly subtle, she decided, but somebody had to do something about that gross, gravy-stained clip-on number.
    • 2002, Jeffrey Eugenides, Middlesex, New York: Picador, Book 3, p. 306,[11]
      The next-door neighbor’s cat coughed up a hairball one day and the hair was not the cat’s. “That’s so gross!”
  5. Lacking refinement in behaviour or manner; offending a standard of morality.
    Synonyms: coarse, rude, vulgar, obscene, impure
    • 1777, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, Act I, Scene 1, [12]
      Verjuice. She certainly has Talents.
      Lady Sneerwell. But her manner is gross.
    • 1874: Dodsley et al., A Select Collection of Old English Plays
      But man to know God is a difficulty, except by a mean he himself inure, which is to know God’s creatures that be: at first them that be of the grossest nature, and then […] them that be more pure.
  6. (of a product) Lacking refinement; not of high quality.
    Synonyms: coarse, rough, unrefined
    Antonym: fine
    • 1860, John Ruskin, Modern Painters, Volume 5, Part 6, Chapter 10, § 5,[13]
      The flowers of Rubens are gross and rude []
    • 1944, Emily Carr, The House of All Sorts, “Lorenzo Was Registered,” [14]
      He scorned my wholesome kennel fare, toothing out dainties and leaving the grosser portions to be finished by the other dogs.
  7. (of a person) Heavy in proportion to one’s height; having a lot of excess flesh.
    Synonyms: great, large, bulky, fat, obese
    • 1925, W. Somerset Maugham, The Painted Veil, London: Heinemann, 1934, Chapter 79,[15]
      Kitty noticed that her sister’s pregnancy had blunted her features and in her black dress she looked gross and blousy.
    • 2013, Hilary Mantel, ‘Royal Bodies’, London Review of Books, 35.IV:
      He collected a number of injuries that stopped him jousting, and then in middle age became stout, eventually gross.
  8. (archaic) Not sensitive in perception or feeling.
    Synonyms: dull, witless
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Matthew 13.15,[16]
      For this people’s heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
    • 1634, John Milton, Comus, in Poems of Mr. John Milton, London: Humphrey Moseley, 1645, p. ,[17]
      A thousand liveried Angels lacky her [the chaste soul],
      Driving far off each thing of sin and guilt,
      And in cleer dream, and solemn vision
      Tell her of things that no gross ear can hear.
  9. (now chiefly poetic) Difficult or impossible to see through.
    Synonyms: thick, heavy
    • 1594, Christopher Marlowe, Edward II, London: William Jones,[18]
      Couragious Lancaster, imbrace thy king,
      And as grosse vapours perish by the sunne,
      Euen so let hatred with thy soueraigne smile,
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Isaiah 60.2,[19]
      For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
    • 1785, William Cowper, The Task, London: J. Johnson, Book 3, p. 116,[20]
      A pestilent and most corrosive steam,
      Like a gross fog Boeotian, rising fast,
      And fast condensed upon the dewy sash,
      Asks egress;
    • 1870, James Russell Lowell, The Cathedral, Boston: Fields, Osgood, p. 34,[21]
      [] a larger life
      Upon his own impinging, with swift glimpse
      Of spacious circles luminous with mind,
      To which the ethereal substance of his own
      Seems but gross cloud to make that visible,
      Touched to a sudden glory round the edge.
  10. (obsolete) Easy to perceive.
    Synonyms: obvious, clear
    • c. 1598, William Shakespeare, Henry V, Act II, Scene 2,[22]
      [] though the truth of it stands off as gross
      As black and white, my eye will scarcely see it.

Synonyms

  • (heavy in proportion to one’s height): See also Thesaurus:obese

Derived terms

  • grossen
  • grossish
  • grossly

Translations

Noun

gross (countable and uncountable, plural gross or grosses)

  1. Twelve dozen = 144.
  2. The total nominal earnings or amount, before taxes, expenses, exceptions or similar are deducted. That which remains after all deductions is called net.
  3. The bulk, the mass, the masses.

Translations

Verb

gross (third-person singular simple present grosses, present participle grossing, simple past and past participle grossed)

  1. (transitive) To earn money, not including expenses.
    The movie grossed three million on the first weekend.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • engross
  • grocer, grocery, groceries

Anagrams

  • Sgros, Sorgs

German

Adjective

gross (comparative grösser, superlative am grössten)

  1. Switzerland and Liechtenstein standard spelling of groß

Declension


Lombard

Etymology

From Late Latin grossus.

Adjective

gross

  1. big, fat, large, thick

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

From Old High German grōz, from Proto-Germanic *grautaz. Compare German groß, Dutch groot, English great.

Adjective

gross (comparative greesser, superlative greescht)

  1. big, large

Derived terms

  • Grossdaadi
  • Grossmammi

Swedish

Etymology

From French grosse (douzaine), “large (dozen)”

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡrɔs/

Noun

gross n

  1. a gross, twelve dozen (144)

Declension

Related terms

  • grosshandlare

See also

  • dussin
  • tjog

Anagrams

  • sorgs


Translingual

Symbol

rank

  1. (mathematics) The symbol for rank.

English

Alternative forms

  • ranck (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹæŋk/
  • Rhymes: -æŋk

Etymology 1

From Middle English rank (strong, proud), from Old English ranc (proud, haughty, arrogant, insolent, forward, overbearing, showy, ostentatious, splendid, bold, valiant, noble, brave, strong, full-grown, mature), from Proto-West Germanic *rank, from Proto-Germanic *rankaz (straight), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- (straight, direct). Cognate with Dutch rank (slender, slim), Low German rank (slender, projecting, lank), Danish rank (straight, erect, slender), Swedish rank (slender, shaky, wonky), Icelandic rakkur (straight, slender, bold, valiant).

Adjective

rank (comparative ranker or more rank, superlative rankest or most rank)

  1. Strong of its kind or in character; unmitigated; virulent; thorough; utter (used of negative things).
  2. Strong in growth; growing with vigour or rapidity, hence, coarse or gross.
    • And, behold, seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good.
  3. Suffering from overgrowth or hypertrophy; plethoric.
  4. Causing strong growth; producing luxuriantly; rich and fertile.
  5. Strong to the senses; offensive; noisome.
  6. Having a very strong and bad taste or odor.
    Synonyms: stinky, smelly, (UK) pong
    • 1661, Robert Boyle, The Sceptical Chymist
      Divers sea fowls taste rank of the fish on which they ordinarily feed.
  7. Complete, used as an intensifier (usually negative, referring to incompetence).
    Synonyms: complete, utter
  8. (informal) Gross, disgusting.
  9. (obsolete) Strong; powerful; capable of acting or being used with great effect; energetic; vigorous; headstrong.
  10. (obsolete) lustful; lascivious
Derived terms
  • outrank
  • ranken
  • rankful
Translations

Adverb

rank (comparative more rank, superlative most rank)

  1. (obsolete) Quickly, eagerly, impetuously.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.iii:
      The seely man seeing him ryde so rancke, / And ayme at him, fell flat to ground for feare […].
    • That rides so rank and bends his lance so fell.

Etymology 2

From Middle English rank (line, row), from Old French ranc, rang, reng (line, row, rank) (Modern French rang), from Frankish *hring (ring), from Proto-Germanic *hringaz (something bent or curved).

Akin to Old High German (h)ring, Old Frisian hring, Old English hring, hrincg (ring) (Modern English ring), Old Norse hringr (ring, circle, queue, sword; ship). More at ring.

Noun

rank (countable and uncountable, plural ranks)

  1. A row of people or things organized in a grid pattern, often soldiers.
    Antonym: file
    The front rank kneeled to reload while the second rank fired over their heads.
  2. (chess) One of the eight horizontal lines of squares on a chessboard (i.e., those identified by a number).
    Antonym: file
  3. (music) In a pipe organ, a set of pipes of a certain quality for which each pipe corresponds to one key or pedal.
  4. One’s position in a list sorted by a shared property such as physical location, population, or quality.
    Based on your test scores, you have a rank of 23.
    The fancy hotel was of the first rank.
  5. The level of one’s position in a class-based society.
  6. (typically in the plural) A category of people, such as those who share an occupation or belong to an organisation.
    a membership drawn from the ranks of wealthy European businessmen
  7. A hierarchical level in an organization such as the military.
    Private First Class (PFC) is the second-lowest rank in the Marines.
    He rose up through the ranks of the company, from mailroom clerk to CEO.
  8. (taxonomy) A level in a scientific taxonomy system.
    Phylum is the taxonomic rank below kingdom and above class.
  9. (mathematics) The dimensionality of an array (computing) or tensor.
  10. (linear algebra) The maximal number of linearly independent columns (or rows) of a matrix.
  11. (algebra) The maximum quantity of D-linearly independent elements of a module (over an integral domain D).
  12. (mathematics) The size of any basis of a given matroid.
Derived terms
  • break rank
  • cab off the rank
  • cab rank
  • cab-rank rule
  • close ranks
  • pull rank
  • taxi rank
Translations

Verb

rank (third-person singular simple present ranks, present participle ranking, simple past and past participle ranked)

  1. To place abreast, or in a line.
  2. To have a ranking.
    Their defense ranked third in the league.
  3. To assign a suitable place in a class or order; to classify.
    • 1725, Isaac Watts, Logick, or The Right Use of Reason in the Enquiry After Truth With a Variety of Rules to Guard
      Ranking all things under general and special heads.
    • 1726, William Broome, The Odyssey (by Homer)
      Poets were ranked in the class of philosophers.
    • 1667, Richard Allestree, The Causes of the Decay of Christian Piety
      Heresy [is] ranked with idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, murders, and other sins of the flesh.
  4. (US) To take rank of; to outrank.
Derived terms
  • misrank
  • outrank
Translations

References

  • rank at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • rank in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • ARNK, Karn, karn, knar, kran, nark

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɑŋk/
  • Hyphenation: rank
  • Rhymes: -ɑŋk

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch ranc, from Proto-Germanic *rankaz.

Adjective

rank (comparative ranker, superlative rankst)

  1. slender, svelte

Derived terms

  • rankgebouwd
Inflection

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch ranc, ranke, from Old Dutch *rank, from Frankish hranca.

Noun

rank f (plural ranken, diminutive rankje n)

  1. tendril, a thin winding stem
  2. name of various vines
  3. an object or ornamental pattern resembling a stem

Derived terms

  • bosrank
  • hechtrank
  • ranken (verb)
  • rankerig
  • wijnrank

Anagrams

  • karn

References


German

Etymology

From Middle Low German rank, ranc, from Proto-Germanic *rankaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʁaŋk/

Adjective

rank (comparative ranker, superlative am ranksten)

  1. (poetic, dated, except in the phrase rank und schlank) lithe, lissome

Declension

Related terms

  • rahn

Verb

rank

  1. singular imperative of ranken

Further reading

  • “rank” in Duden online

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