gruff vs husky what difference

what is difference between gruff and husky

English

Etymology

From West Flemish and Dutch grof (rude, coarse, rough), from Middle Dutch grof (coarse), from Old Dutch *grof, of uncertain formation and relation, yet undoubtedly cognate with Saterland Frisian groaf (rough, coarse, crude), West Frisian grof (rough, coarse, crude), Low German groff (rough, coarse, crude), German grob (rough, coarse, crude), Swedish grov (rough, coarse, crude).

Perhaps originating from Proto-West Germanic *gahrob, from Proto-Germanic *gahrubaz, *hrubaz, related to Proto-Germanic *hreubaz (scabby, rough, scrubby) or alternatively from Proto-West Germanic *grob, from Proto-Germanic *grubaz (coarse, rough).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹʌf/
  • Rhymes: -ʌf

Adjective

gruff (comparative gruffer, superlative gruffest)

  1. having a rough, surly, and harsh demeanor and nature.
  2. hoarse-voiced.

Quotations

  • 1727 “The manner of it was more after the pleasing Transports of those ancient Poets you are often charm’d with, than after the fierce unsociable way of modern Zealots; those starch’d gruff Gentlemen, who guard Religion as Bullys to a Mistress, and give us the while a very indifferent Opinion of their Lady’s Merit, and their own Wit, by adoring what they neither allow to be inspected by others, nor care themselves to examine in a fair light.” — Anthony Ashley Cooper Shaftesbury. Characteristicks of men, manners, opinions, times. Vol II. p218
  • 1729 “They had no Titles of Honour among them, but such as denoted some Bodily Strength or Perfection, as such an one the Tall, such an one the Stocky, such an one the Gruff.” — Joseph Addison, Richard Steele. The Spectator. Vol VI, No 433. p146
  • 1825 “Mr. Suberville, as well as she, surprised and pleased at this proof of politeness so unsuited to his gouty appearance and gruff manners, looked at him in astonishment, but were sorry to perceive him stoop down as if he had strained his leg in the exertion, while the pain it caused seemed to have driven every drop of his blood into his sallow face.” — Thomas Colley Grattan. High-ways and by-ways. Vol III. p209-10

Derived terms

  • gruffly
  • gruffness

Translations

Verb

gruff (third-person singular simple present gruffs, present participle gruffing, simple past and past participle gruffed)

  1. To speak gruffly.
    • 2001, Benny Hinn, He Touched Me: An Autobiography
      “Who gave you that?” replied my father angrily. “Did you bribe someone?” “No,” I told him. “It was a gift, from some people who really want me to be on this trip.” “Fine,” he gruffed.

Swedish

Noun

gruff n

  1. argument, quarrel


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈhʌs.ki/
  • Rhymes: -ʌski

Etymology 1

From husk +‎ -y; in relation to voice, from the sense “dry as a husk” or “tough as a husk”.

Adjective

husky (comparative huskier, superlative huskiest)

  1. (of a voice) Hoarse and rough-sounding.
  2. (US) Burly, stout.
    • 1910, Hamlin Garland, Other Main-Travelled Roads
      You look like a good, husky man to pitch in the barnyard []
    • 1965, Popular Mechanics, September issue, page 22
      Word got around quickly that this plane, which has been flying since January, is bigger and huskier than our proposed C-5A []
  3. Abounding with husks; consisting of husks.
    • Some swains have sown before: but most have found
      A husky harvest from the grudging ground.
Derived terms
  • huskily
  • huskiness
Translations

Etymology 2

Shortening of husky dog, where husky is ultimately from the same Old Montagnais root as Eskimo.

Noun

husky (plural huskies)

  1. Any of several breeds of dogs used as sled dogs.
Alternative forms
  • huskie
Synonyms
  • polar dog
Related terms
  • Husky (an Eskimo person; an Eskimo language) (dated)
  • Eskimo
Translations
See also
  • husky on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • husky on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons

Czech

Etymology 1

Noun

husky

  1. husky (breed of dog)
Declension

Etymology 2

Noun

husky

  1. (informal) Diminutive of husy
Declension

See huska

Synonyms
  • husy
  • husičky
Related terms
  • husa
  • huska
  • husička

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From English husky

Noun

husky m (definite singular huskyen, indefinite plural huskyer, definite plural huskyene)

  1. a husky (breed of dog)

References

  • “husky” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From English husky

Noun

husky m (definite singular huskyen, indefinite plural huskyar, definite plural huskyane)

  1. a husky (breed of dog)

Spanish

Noun

husky m (plural huskys)

  1. husky (dogs)

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