guard vs safety what difference

what is difference between guard and safety

English

Alternative forms

  • gard, garde, guarde (obsolete)

Etymology

For verb: From early Middle French or late Old French (circa 14th cent) guarder (to keep, ward, guard, save, preserve, etc.), from Frankish *wardōn, from Proto-Germanic *wardāną (to guard, protect). Cognate with Old English weardian (whence English to ward). Compare French garder. See also English regard.

For noun: From Middle English garde, from early Middle French or late Old French guarde (a guardian, warden, keeper) (whence modern French garde), from the verb guarder. Doublet of garda, which is from Irish.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡɑːd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɡɑɹd/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)d

Noun

guard (plural guards)

  1. A person who, or thing that, protects or watches over something.
  2. (Ireland) A garda; a police officer.
    • 2016, Anastasia Dukova, A History of the Dublin Metropolitan Police and its Colonial Legacy, Springer (→ISBN), page 139
      The Garda Regulations 1924 required a candidate for appointment as a guard to be able to produce satisfactory references as to his character
  3. (military) A squad responsible for protecting something.
  4. The part of a sword that protects the wielder’s hand.
  5. A part of a machine which blocks access to dangerous parts.
  6. A watchchain.
  7. (Australia) A panel of a car that encloses the wheel area, especially the front wheels.
  8. (uncountable) A state of caution; posture of defence.
  9. Something worn to protect part of the body, e.g. the shins in cricket.
  10. (basketball) A relatively short player, playing farther from the basket than a forward or center.
  11. (cricket) The position on the popping crease where a batsman makes a mark to align himself with the wicket; see take guard.
  12. (American football) Either of two offensive positions between the center and each of the offensive tackles, whose main responsibilities are to protect the quarterback, and open up “holes” through which offensive players can run.
  13. (sports) A player playing a position named guard.
  14. (rail transport) An employee, normally travelling in the last vehicle of a train, responsible for the safety of the train.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1943, Chapter IX, p. 141, [4]
      When an engineer wished to stop a swiftly moving train he had first to whistle to the guard requesting him to apply the hand-brake of the van, and then apply the hand-brake of the engine. Guards did not always hear.
  15. (computing, programming) A Boolean expression that must evaluate to true for a branch of program execution to continue.

Synonyms

  • (the part of a sword that protects the wielder’s hand): quillon
  • (part of machine blocking dangerous parts): protection
  • (panel of a car enclosing a wheel): fender

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

guard (third-person singular simple present guards, present participle guarding, simple past and past participle guarded)

  1. To protect from danger; to secure against surprise, attack, or injury; to keep in safety; to defend.
  2. To keep watch over, in order to prevent escape or restrain from acts of violence, or the like.
    Guard the prisoner.
  3. To watch by way of caution or defense; to be caution; to be in a state or position of defense or safety.
    Careful people guard against mistakes.
  4. To protect the edge of, especially with an ornamental border; hence, to face or ornament with lists, laces, etc.
  5. To fasten by binding; to gird.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)

Derived terms

  • guard one’s tongue

Translations

Further reading

  • guard in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • guard in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • guard at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Dagur, Darug, Dugar, Durga, draug, durag


English

Etymology

From Old French sauveté, from earlier salvetet, from Medieval Latin salvitas, salvitatem, from Latin salvus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈseɪfti/

Noun

safety (countable and uncountable, plural safeties)

  1. The condition or feeling of being safe; security; certainty.
    If you push it to the limit, safety is not guaranteed.
  2. (mechanics) A mechanism on a weapon or dangerous equipment designed to prevent accidental firing.
    Be sure that the safety is set before proceeding.
  3. (American football) An instance of a player being sacked or tackled in the end zone, or stepping out of the end zone and off the field, resulting in two points to the opposite team.
    He sacked the quarterback in the end zone for a safety.
  4. (American football) Any of the defensive players who are in position furthest from the line of scrimmage and whose responsibility is to defend against passes as well as to be the tacklers of last resort.
    The free safety made a game-saving tackle on the runner who had broken past the linebackers.
  5. (baseball) A safety squeeze.
    • 1952, Bernard Malamud, The Natural, Time Life Books, 1966, p. 225,[1]
      Boy wondered about that bunt. He had a notion Fowler would commit himself soon because time was on the go. But Fowler didn’t, making it another sweep of three Pirates. He had thus far given up only two safeties.
  6. Preservation from escape; close custody.
    • c. 1596, William Shakespeare, King John, Act IV, Scene 2[2]
      [] imprison him, [] / Deliver him to safety; and return,
  7. (dated) A safety bicycle.
    • 1897, American Architect and Architecture (volumes 57-58, page 51)
      Many wheelmen and wheelwomen, riding safeties, tandems and tricycles, stopped there during the evening and we had good opportunity for comparing American and English bicycles []

Antonyms

  • danger

Derived terms

Related terms

  • safe

Translations

See also

  • security
  • secure

Verb

safety (third-person singular simple present safeties, present participle safetying, simple past and past participle safetied)

  1. (transitive) To secure (a mechanical component, as in aviation) to keep it from becoming detached even under vibration.
  2. to secure a firing pin, as in guns, to keep the gun from firing
    • 2011 Time Crime, page 92
      Time went back to normal for him; he safetied his own weapon and dropped it, jumping forward.
    • 2012 Blowout, page 343
      Osborne lay propped up on one elbow, his pistol cocked, his aim wavering in the general direction the man had gone. Finally he safetied it, stuffed it in the holster on his right hip, and reached for his cell phone in his jacket pocket. But it was gone.

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