guide vs scout what difference

what is difference between guide and scout

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡaɪd/
  • Rhymes: -aɪd

Etymology 1

c. 1325–75. From Middle English guide, from the Old French guide, from Old Occitan guida, from guidar, from Frankish *wītan (to show the way, lead), from Proto-Germanic *wītaną (to see, know; go, depart), from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to see, know). Cognate with Old English wītan (to see, take heed to, watch after, guard, keep). Related also to English wit.

Noun

guide (plural guides)

  1. Someone who guides, especially someone hired to show people around a place or an institution and offer information and explanation.
    The guide led us around the museum and explained the exhibits.
    • 1611, Bible (King James Version), Psalms xlviii. 14
      He will be our guide, even unto death.
  2. A document or book that offers information or instruction; guidebook.
  3. A sign that guides people; guidepost.
  4. Any marking or object that catches the eye to provide quick reference.
  5. A device that guides part of a machine, or guides motion or action.
    1. A blade or channel for directing the flow of water to the buckets in a water wheel.
    2. A grooved director for a probe or knife in surgery.
    3. (printing, dated) A strip or device to direct the compositor’s eye to the line of copy being set.
  6. (occult) A spirit believed to speak through a medium.
  7. (military) A member of a group marching in formation who sets the pattern of movement or alignment for the rest.
Derived terms
Descendants
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English guiden, from Old French guider, from Old Occitan guidar, from Frankish *wītan (to show the way, lead), from Proto-Germanic *wītaną (to see, know; go, depart), from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to see, know).

Verb

guide (third-person singular simple present guides, present participle guiding, simple past and past participle guided)

  1. to serve as a guide for someone or something; to lead or direct in a way; to conduct in a course or path.
  2. to steer or navigate, especially a ship or as a pilot.
  3. to exert control or influence over someone or something.
  4. to supervise the education or training of someone.
  5. (intransitive) to act as a guide.
Derived terms
  • guidee
Translations

References

  • guide on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • “guide”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, →ISBN.
  • “guide” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  • “guide” in WordNet 2.0, Princeton University, 2003.

Anagrams

  • digue, iudge

French

Etymology

From Old French guide, borrowed from Old Occitan guida, from the verb guidar, ultimately of Germanic origin, possibly through Medieval Latin; cf. Frankish *wītan. Supplanted the older Old French guier, of the same origin. Compare Italian guida, Spanish guía. See guider for more information.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡid/
  • Homophone: guides
  • Rhymes: -id

Noun

guide m (plural guides)

  1. guide person
  2. guidebook, or set itinerary.

Derived terms

  • chien guide d’aveugle
  • guide de conversation
  • mener la vie à grandes guides

Related terms

  • guider

Descendants

  • Danish: guide
  • Romanian: ghid
  • Russian: гид (gid)

References

  • “guide” in the WordReference Dictionnaire Français-Anglais, WordReference.com LLC, 2006.

Further reading

  • “guide” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • digue

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡwi.de/
  • Rhymes: -ide

Noun

guide f

  1. plural of guida

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

Borrowed from English guide.

Noun

guide m (definite singular guiden, indefinite plural guider, definite plural guidene)

  1. a guide (person who guides tourists)
  2. a guide (handbook, e.g. for tourists)

Alternative forms

  • gaid

Verb

guide (imperative guid, present tense guider, passive guides, simple past and past participle guida or guidet, present participle guidende)

  1. to guide (usually tourists)

Alternative forms

  • gaide

References

  • “guide” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “guide_1” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • “guide_2” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

Borrowed from English guide.

Noun

guide m (definite singular guiden, indefinite plural guidar, definite plural guidane)

  1. a guide (person who guides tourists)
  2. a guide (handbook, e.g. for tourists)

Alternative forms

  • gaid

Verb

guide (present tense guidar, past tense guida, past participle guida, passive infinitive guidast, present participle guidande, imperative guid)

  1. to guide (usually tourists)

Alternative forms

  • gaide, guida

References

  • “guide” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old French

Noun

guide m or f

  1. a guide (person who guides)

Descendants

  • French: guide
    • Danish: guide
    • Romanian: ghid
    • Russian: гид (gid)
  • Norman: dgide (Jersey)
  • Middle English: giden, gide
    • Scots: guide
    • English: guide
      • Korean: 가이드 (gaideu)
      • Japanese: ガイド (gaido)
      • Norwegian: guide
      • Swedish: guide

Old Irish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *gʷodyā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰodʰ-yeh₂.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡuðʲe]

Noun

guide f (genitive guide, nominative plural guidi)

  1. verbal noun of guidid
  2. prayer
    • c. 808, Félire Oengusso, published in Félire Óengusso Céli Dé: The Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee (1905, Harrison & Sons), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes, Epilogue, line 421

Declension

Descendants

  • Irish: guí
  • Manx: gwee (curse, imprecation)
  • Scottish Gaelic: guidhe

Mutation


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

guide c

  1. guide (person who guides)
    Synonym: vägledare
  2. (computing) wizard (program or script used to simplify complex operations)
    Synonym: assistent

Declension


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /skaʊt/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): [skʌʊt]
  • (General Australian)
  • Rhymes: -aʊt
  • Homophone: Scout

Etymology 1

From Middle English scout, scoult, from Old French escoute (action of listening), verbal noun from escouter (to listen, heed), from Latin auscultare (to listen). The verb comes from the noun.

Noun

scout (plural scouts)

  1. A person sent out to gain and bring in tidings; especially, one employed in war to gain information about the enemy and ground.
  2. An act of scouting or reconnoitering.
    • while the rat is on the scout
  3. A member of any number of youth organizations belonging to the international scout movement, such as the Boy Scouts of America or Girl Scouts of the United States.
  4. A person who assesses and/or recruits others; especially, one who identifies promising talent on behalf of a sports team.
  5. A person employed to monitor rivals’ activities in the petroleum industry.
  6. (Britain) A college servant (in Oxford, England or Yale or Harvard), originally implied male, attending to (usually several) students or undergraduates in a variety of ways that includes cleaning; corresponding to the duties of a gyp or possibly bedder at Cambridge University; and at Dublin, a skip.
  7. (Britain, cricket) A fielder in a game for practice.
  8. (historical, Britain, up until 1920s) A fighter aircraft.
  9. (informal) Term of address for a man or boy.
    • 1983, Robley Wilson, Dancing for men (page 124)
      “Listen, old scout,” Mr. Osborn said solemnly, “you think New York is heartless, but that’s not what it is.”
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

scout (third-person singular simple present scouts, present participle scouting, simple past and past participle scouted)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To explore a wide terrain, as if on a search; to reconnoiter.
  2. (transitive) To observe, watch, or look for, as a scout; to follow for the purpose of observation, as a scout.
    • Take more men, and scout him round.
Derived terms
  • scout about
  • scout around
  • scout out
  • scout round
  • scout up
Translations

Etymology 2

Of North Germanic origin. Compare Old Norse skúta, skúti (taunt), Middle English scoute (a wretch, rascal, rogue); thus may be related to English shout.

Verb

scout (third-person singular simple present scouts, present participle scouting, simple past and past participle scouted)

  1. (transitive) To reject with contempt.
    to scout an idea or an apology
    • 1610, Shakespeare, The Tempest, act 3 scene 2
      Flout ’em and scout ’em; and scout ’em and flout ’em: / Thought is free.
    • I don’t think I had any definite idea where Dora came from, or in what degree she was related to a higher order of beings; but I am quite sure I should have scouted the notion of her being simply human, like any other young lady, with indignation and contempt.
  2. (intransitive) To scoff.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, ch. 45
      So ignorant are most landsmen of some of the plainest and most palpable wonders of the world, that without some hints touching the plain facts, historical and otherwise, of the fishery, they might scout at Moby Dick as a monstrous fable, or still worse and more detestable, a hideous and intolerable allegory.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English scoute, skoute (also schoute, shoute, schuyt), from Middle Low German schûte or Middle Dutch schute; or possibly from Old Norse skúta (a small craft or cutter).

Noun

scout (plural scouts)

  1. (dated) A swift sailing boat.
    • 1660, Samuel Pepys, diary entry 18th May 1660
      So we took a scout, very much pleased with the manner and conversation of the passengers.

Etymology 4

From Middle English scouten (to jut out, project), from Old Norse skúta (to jut out), cognate with Icelandic skúta (to jut out).

Noun

scout (plural scouts)

  1. (archaic) A projecting rock.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)

Etymology 5

Verb

scout (third-person singular simple present scouts, present participle scouting, simple past and past participle scouted)

  1. (Scotland) To pour forth a liquid forcibly, especially excrement.

Noun

scout (plural scouts)

  1. The guillemot.

See also

  • Scout (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • scout in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

References

Further reading

  • scout in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • scout in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • scout at OneLook Dictionary Search

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English scout.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /skɑu̯t/
  • Hyphenation: scout
  • Rhymes: -ɑu̯t

Noun

scout m (plural scouts)

  1. A scout, a boy scout or girl scout.
    Synonym: padvinder
  2. (sports) A talent scout.

Related terms

  • scouting

French

Noun

scout m (plural scouts)

  1. scout, boy scout

Derived terms

  • parole de scout

Italian

Etymology

Clipping of boyscout.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈskawt/

Noun

scout m or f (invariable)

  1. scout (a member of the international scout movement)
    Synonym: esploratore

Related terms


Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English scout.

Noun

scout m or f (plural scouts)

  1. scout

Swedish

Noun

scout c

  1. scout; a member of the international scout movement.

Declension

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