guile vs shenanigan what difference

what is difference between guile and shenanigan

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English gile, from Anglo-Norman gile, from Old French guile (deception), from Frankish *wigila (ruse). Cognate via Proto-Germanic with wile.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡaɪl/
  • Rhymes: -aɪl

Noun

guile (countable and uncountable, plural guiles)

  1. (uncountable) Astuteness often marked by a certain sense of cunning or artful deception.
  2. Deceptiveness, deceit, fraud, duplicity, dishonesty.
Translations

Verb

guile (third-person singular simple present guiles, present participle guiling, simple past and past participle guiled)

  1. To deceive, beguile, bewile.
Derived terms
  • beguile
  • guileful
  • guileless
Related terms
  • wile
Translations

Etymology 2

Variant forms.

Noun

guile

  1. Obsolete form of gold.
  2. Alternative form of gyle

References


Old French

Etymology

From Frankish *wigila, see above

Noun

guile f (oblique plural guiles, nominative singular guile, nominative plural guiles)

  1. trickery; deception

Descendants

  • English: guile

References

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (guile)


English

Etymology

Of uncertain origin. Earliest known use comes from San Francisco in 1855 at the time of the California Gold Rush. These possibilities have been suggested:

  • French ces manigances (these fraudulent schemes).
  • Spanish chanada, shortening of charranada (trick, deceit).
  • Irish sionnachuighim (I play the fox).
  • Rhine Franconian schinägeln (to work hard), from the peddler’s argot term Schenigelei (work).
  • East Anglian dialect nannicking (playing the fool).
  • 18th century German Scheinheiligens (sham holy men / sham holy actions, noun plural), scheinheilig (hypocritical)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃəˈnænɪɡən/,

Noun

shenanigan (countable and uncountable, plural shenanigans)

  1. (countable) A deceitful confidence trick, or mischief causing discomfort or annoyance.
  2. (uncountable, dated, rare) singular of shenanigans.

Translations

References

  • shenanigan on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

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