guttural vs pharyngeal what difference

what is difference between guttural and pharyngeal

English

Etymology

From Middle French guttural, from New Latin gutturālis, from Latin guttur (throat) + -ālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡʌtəɹəl/
    • (US) IPA(key): [ˈɡʌɾɚɫ̩]
  • Rhymes: -ʌtəɹəl

Adjective

guttural (comparative more guttural, superlative most guttural)

  1. Sounding harsh and throaty.
  2. (phonetics) Articulated at the back of the mouth.
  3. (medicine, anatomy) Of, relating to, or connected to the throat.

Translations

Noun

guttural (plural gutturals)

  1. A harsh and throaty spoken sound

Translations


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡy.ty.ʁal/

Etymology

From New Latin gutturālis.

Adjective

guttural (feminine singular gutturale, masculine plural gutturaux, feminine plural gutturales)

  1. guttural (of a consonant)
  2. guttural (relating to the throat)

Further reading

  • “guttural” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡʊtuˈʁaːl/
  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective

guttural (comparative gutturaler, superlative am gutturalsten)

  1. guttural

Declension



English

Alternative forms

  • pharyngal

Etymology

From Late Latin pharyngeus +‎ -al, from pharynx (the pharynx) +‎ -eus (adjectival suffix).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fəˈɹɪn.dʒi.əl/, /fəˈɹɪn.ʒi.əl/, /ˌfa.ɹɪnˈdʒiː.əl/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌfɛɹ.ənˈdʒi.əl/, /ˌfæɹ.ənˈdʒi.əl/, /fəˈɹɪn.dʒi.əl/, /fəˈɹɪn.dʒəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɪndʒiəl, -ɪnʒiəl, -iːəl, -ɪndʒəl

Adjective

pharyngeal (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy) Of or pertaining to the pharynx.
  2. (phonetics) Articulated with the pharynx; a term usually describing a consonant which is articulated by the rear area of the tongue being raised to below the region between the uvula and the pharyngeal wall. The term cannot apply to a plosive or stop consonant.

Derived terms

Translations

Descendants

  • New Latin: pharyngeālis

Noun

pharyngeal (plural pharyngeals)

  1. (phonetics) A sound that is articulated with the pharynx; ellipsis of pharyngeal consonant.

References

  • “pharyngeal”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  • “pharyngeal”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.

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