gym vs gymnasium what difference

what is difference between gym and gymnasium

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dʒɪm/
  • Rhymes: -ɪm
  • Homophone: Jim

Noun

gym (plural gyms)

  1. Clipping of gymnasium.
  2. (uncountable) clipping of gymnastics. (often as sense 4)
  3. (weightlifting) A sports facility specialized for lifting weights and exercise.
    • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      Pete, I want to work out. Where is the gym?

  4. physical education class

Synonyms

  • (sports facility for exercise): fitness center, health club, sports club

Derived terms

Related terms

  • gymnasium
  • gymnast
  • gymnastics

Translations

Verb

gym (third-person singular simple present gyms, present participle gyming or gymming, simple past and past participle gymed or gymmed)

  1. (intransitive) To go to the gym.
    On Wednesdays I hike; on Fridays I gym.

Anagrams

  • YGM

Danish

Noun

gym (not declinable)

  1. (slang) gymnasium

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɪm

Noun

gym n (plural gymmen, diminutive gymmetje n)

  1. short for gymnasium, a special type of secondary school

Noun

gym m (uncountable)

  1. short for gymnastiek, physical education class

French

Pronunciation

Noun

gym f (plural gyms)

  1. Clipping of gymnastique.

gym m (plural gyms)

  1. Clipping of gymnase.

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

gym m (definite singular gymmen)

  1. clipping of gymnastikk.

Derived terms

  • gymsal

References

  • “gym” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

gym m (definite singular gymmen)

  1. clipping of gymnastikk.

Derived terms

  • gymsal

References

  • “gym” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Spanish

Alternative forms

yim

Etymology

Borrowed from English gym.

Noun

gym m (plural gyms)

  1. gym, gymnasium

Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed from English gym, clipping of gymnasium.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈjʏm/

Noun

gym n

  1. gym; a sporting facility specialized on exercising strength, lifting weights.

Declension

Derived terms

  • gymma


English

Etymology

From Latin gymnasium, from Ancient Greek γυμνάσιον (gumnásion, exercise, school), from γυμνός (gumnós, naked), because Greek athletes trained naked.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /dʒɪmˈneɪ.zi.əm/

Noun

gymnasium (plural gymnasia or gymnasiums)

  1. (formal) A large room or building for indoor sports.
  2. A type of secondary school in some European countries which typically prepares students for university.
  3. (historical) A public place or building where Ancient Greek youths took exercise, with running and wrestling grounds, baths, and halls for conversation.

Synonyms

  • (large room or building for indoor sports): gym
  • (type of secondary school): prep school, college prep school

Related terms

  • gymnastics

Translations


Czech

Alternative forms

  • gymnázium

Noun

gymnasium n

  1. (archaic) grammar school

Declension

Further reading

  • gymnasium in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • gymnasium in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Etymology

From Latin gymnasium, from Ancient Greek γυμνάσιον (gumnásion, exercise, school).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡymnaːsjɔm/, [ɡ̊ymˈnæːˀɕɔm]
  • Rhymes: -ɔm

Noun

gymnasium n (singular definite gymnasiet, plural indefinite gymnasier, in compounds: gymnasie-)

  1. gymnasium (a type of secondary school)

Inflection

Further reading

  • gymnasium on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da

Dutch

Etymology

From Latin gymnasium, from Ancient Greek γυμνάσιον (gumnásion, exercise, school).

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: gym‧na‧si‧um

Noun

gymnasium n (plural gymnasia or gymnasiums, diminutive gymnasiumpje n)

  1. a type of secondary school (for 12 to 18 year-olds) which prepares students for university or vocational school, and which offers classes in Latin and/or Greek
  2. school of sports which the Greeks had in antiquity

Related terms

  • gym

Descendants

  • Indonesian: gimnasium

See also

  • atheneum

Latin

Etymology

From Ancient Greek γυμνάσιον (gumnásion, exercise, school), from γυμνός (gumnós, naked), because Greek athletes trained naked.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ɡymˈna.si.um/, [ɡʏmˈnäs̠iʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /d͡ʒimˈna.si.um/, [d͡ʒimˈnɑːs̬ium]

Noun

gymnasium n (genitive gymnasiī or gymnasī); second declension

  1. gymnasium

Declension

Second-declension noun (neuter).

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms

  • gymnasticus

Descendants

  • Albanian: gjimnaz
  • Catalan: gimnàs
  • French: gymnase
  • Galician: ximnasio
  • German: Gymnasium (see there for further descendants)
  • Italian: ginnasio
  • Portuguese: ginásio
  • Spanish: gimnasio

References

  • gymnasium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gymnasium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gymnasium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • gymnasium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • gymnasium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gymnasium in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • gymnasium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

gymnasium n (definite singular gymnasiet, indefinite plural gymnasier, definite plural gymnasia or gymnasiene)

  1. alternative form of gymnas

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

gymnasium n (definite singular gymnasiet, indefinite plural gymnasium, definite plural gymnasia)

  1. alternative form of gymnas

Swedish

Alternative forms

  • gymnasie (nonstandard)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jʏmˈnɑːsɪɵm/, /jʏmˈnɑːsɪɛ/

Noun

gymnasium n

  1. gymnasium; an upper secondary school: either theoretical (“preparing for further studies”) or vocational

Declension

Synonyms

  • gymnasieskola

See also

  • gymnasist

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