hack vs jade what difference

what is difference between hack and jade

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hæk/
  • Rhymes: -æk

Etymology 1

From Middle English hacken, hakken, from Old English *haccian (to hack); attested in tōhaccian (to hack to pieces), from Proto-Germanic *hakkōną (to chop; hoe; hew), from Proto-Indo-European *keg-, *keng- (to be sharp; peg; hook; handle).

Cognate with Saterland Frisian häkje (to hack), West Frisian hakje (to hack), Dutch hakken (to chop up; hack), German hacken (to chop; hack; hoe), Danish hakke (to chop), Swedish hacka (to hack; chop), French hacher (to chop).

The computer senses date back to at least 1955 when it initially referred to creative problem solving. By 1963, the negative connotations of “black hat” or malicious hacking had become associated with telephone hacking (cf. phreaking).

Verb

hack (third-person singular simple present hacks, present participle hacking, simple past and past participle hacked)

  1. (transitive) To chop or cut down in a rough manner. [circa 12th c.]
    • 1912: Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 6
      Among other things he found a sharp hunting knife, on the keen blade of which he immediately proceeded to cut his finger. Undaunted he continued his experiments, finding that he could hack and hew splinters of wood from the table and chairs with this new toy.
  2. (intransitive) To cough noisily. [19th c.]
  3. To withstand or put up with a difficult situation. [20th c.]
  4. (computing) To make a quick code change to patch a computer program, often one that, while being effective, is inelegant or makes the program harder to maintain.
    Synonyms: frob, tweak
  5. (computing) To accomplish a difficult programming task.
  6. (computing, slang, transitive) To work with something on an intimately technical level.
  7. (transitive, colloquial, by extension) To apply a trick, shortcut, skill, or novelty method to something to increase productivity, efficiency or ease.
  8. (transitive, slang, computing) To hack into; to gain unauthorized access to (a computer system, e.g., a website, or network) by manipulating code.
    Synonym: crack
  9. (transitive, slang, computing, by extension) To gain unauthorised access to a computer or online account belonging to (a person or organisation).
  10. (ice hockey) To strike an opponent with one’s hockey stick, typically on the leg but occasionally and more seriously on the back, arm, head, etc.
  11. (ice hockey) To make a flailing attempt to hit the puck with a hockey stick.
  12. (baseball) To swing at a pitched ball.
  13. (soccer and rugby) To kick (a player) on the shins.
    • 2019, Barney Ronay, Liverpool’s waves of red fury and recklessness end in joyous bedlam (in The Guardian, 8 May 2019)[3]
      Barcelona had been harried and hurried and stretched thin by the midway point in the second half. Tackles flew in. Toes were crushed, shins barked, ankles hacked.
  14. To strike in a frantic movement.
  15. (transitive) To strike lightly as part of tapotement massage.
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

hack (countable and uncountable, plural hacks)

  1. A tool for chopping. [14th c.]
  2. A hacking blow. [19th c.]
  3. A gouge or notch made by such a blow.
  4. A dry cough.
  5. A hacking; a catch in speaking; a short, broken cough.
    • 1660, Henry More, An Explanation of the Grand Mystery of Godliness
      he speaks to this very question: which he does with so many hacks and hesitations
  6. (figuratively) A try, an attempt. [19th c.]
  7. (curling) The foothold traditionally cut into the ice from which the person who throws the rock pushes off for delivery.
  8. (obsolete) A mattock or a miner’s pickaxe.
  9. (informal) An improvised device or solution to a problem.
  10. (computing, slang) An expedient, temporary solution, such as a small patch or change to code, meant to be replaced with a more elegant solution at a later date; a workaround.
  11. (computing, slang) A computer programmer who makes quick but inelegant changes to computer code to solve problems or add features.
  12. (computing, slang) A computer programmer, particularly a veteran or someone not immediately expected to be capable of programming.
  13. (computing, slang) An interesting technical achievement, particularly in computer programming.
  14. (colloquial) A trick, shortcut, skill, or novelty method to increase productivity, efficiency or ease.
  15. (computing, slang) An illegal attempt to gain access to a computer network.
  16. (computing, slang) A video game or any computer software that has been altered from its original state.
    • 2014, Clara Fernández-Vara, Introduction to Game Analysis (page 165)
      [] found out a discarded sex mini-game in the code, and made it available again in the modified PC version of the game that they nicknamed “Hot Coffee.” This hack of the game created a controversy, since the inclusion of sexual content would change its age rating, []
  17. (slang, military) Time check.
  18. (ice hockey) The act of striking an opponent with one’s hockey stick, typically on the leg but occasionally and more seriously on the back, arm, head, etc.
  19. (baseball) A swing of the bat at a pitched ball by the batter, particularly a choppy, ungraceful one that misses the ball such as at a fastball.
  20. A kick on the shins in football of any type.
    • 1857, Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown’s School Days.
  21. (uncountable, slang, naval) Confinement of an officer to their stateroom as a punishment.
    • 2013, David Cauthen, When Destiny Comes to a Fork in the Road, p. 426:
      “Lieutenant Cauthen, you’ve got ten seconds to explain yourself before I put you in hack!”
  22. (military, slang) An airplane of poor quality or in poor condition.
    • 1952, Air Reservist (page 6)
      Henebry’s planes returned to Japan to reload, and early in the morning brought almost 3,000 more troopers to Korea [] Before sunrise next day, all troops in the maneuver had been picked up again and airlifted in “Henebry Hacks” back to Japan.
    • 1967, Christian Advocate (volume 47, page 292)
      [] so that he had to make the 300-mile journey in a “hack” plane which had spluttering engines, which did not conduce to an easy mind nor to a comfortable journey; []
Quotations
  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:hack.
Synonyms
  • (access attempt): crack
  • (an illegal means to gain advantage): exploit
  • (expedient, temporary solution): band-aid, contrivance, improvision, improvisation, kludge, makeshift, quick fix, patch
  • (trick to increase productivity or efficiency): lifehack
Related terms
  • marginal hacks
Translations

Etymology 2

Variations of hatch, heck.

Noun

hack (plural hacks)

  1. (falconry) A board which the falcon’s food is placed on; used by extension for the state of partial freedom in which they are kept before being trained.
  2. A food-rack for cattle.
  3. A rack used to dry something, such as bricks, fish, or cheese.
  4. A grating in a mill race.

Verb

hack (third-person singular simple present hacks, present participle hacking, simple past and past participle hacked)

  1. To lay (bricks) on a rack to dry.
  2. (falconry) To keep (young hawks) in a state of partial freedom, before they are trained.

Etymology 3

Abbreviation of hackney (an ordinary horse), probably from place name Hackney.

Noun

hack (plural hacks)

  1. A horse for hire, especially one which is old and tired. [from 16th c.]
  2. A person, often a journalist, hired to do routine work. [from 17th c.]
  3. (derogatory) Someone who is available for hire; hireling, mercenary.
  4. (slang) A taxicab (hackney cab) driver.
  5. (now chiefly Canada, US, colloquial) A vehicle let for hire; originally, a hackney coach, now typically a taxicab. [from 17th c.]
  6. A hearse.
    • 1920s, Jimmie Rodgers, Frankie and Johnny
      Bring out the rubber-tired buggie/Bring out the rubber-tired hack/I’m takin’ my Johnny to the graveyard/But I ain’t gonna bring him back
  7. (derogatory, authorship) An untalented writer.
  8. (derogatory) One who is professionally successful despite producing mediocre work. (Usually applied to persons in a creative field.)
  9. (derogatory) A talented writer-for-hire, paid to put others’ thoughts into felicitous language.
  10. (politics) A political agitator. (slightly derogatory)
  11. (obsolete) A writer who hires himself out for any sort of literary work; an overworked man; a drudge.
    • 1767, Oliver Goldsmith, Epitaph on Edward Purdon
      Here lies poor Ned Purdon, from misery freed, / Who long was a bookseller’s hack.
  12. (obsolete) A procuress.
Synonyms
  • (A saddle horse which is old and tired): nag
Coordinate terms
  • (worthless horse): bum
Translations

Verb

hack (third-person singular simple present hacks, present participle hacking, simple past and past participle hacked)

  1. (dated) To make common or cliched; to vulgarise.
  2. (equestrianism) To ride a horse at a regular pace; to ride on a road (as opposed to riding cross-country etc.).
  3. (obsolete) To be exposed or offered or to common use for hire; to turn prostitute.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Hanmer to this entry?)
  4. (obsolete) To live the life of a drudge or hack.
    • 1765, Oliver Goldsmith, The Double Transformation
      Poor madam , now condemn’d to hack
      The rest of life with anxious Jack
  5. To use as a hack; to let out for hire.
  6. To use frequently and indiscriminately, so as to render trite and commonplace.
    • 1865, John Henry Newman, An Internal Argument for Christianity
      The word “remarkable” has been so hacked of late.

Etymology 4

From hackysack

Noun

hack (plural hacks)

  1. A small ball usually made of woven cotton or suede and filled with rice, sand or some other filler, for use in hackeysack.
Translations

Verb

hack (third-person singular simple present hacks, present participle hacking, simple past and past participle hacked)

  1. To play hackeysack.
Translations

Further reading

  • hack on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • hack at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • hack in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

References


Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English hack.

Pronunciation

  • (Netherlands) IPA(key): /ɦɛk/
  • Hyphenation: hack
  • Rhymes: -ɛk
  • Homophone: hek

Noun

hack m (plural hacks, diminutive hackje n)

  1. hack (exploit; illegitimate attempt to gain access)

Related terms

  • hacken
  • hacker


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒeɪd/
  • Rhymes: -eɪd

Etymology 1

Borrowed from French le jade, rebracketing of earlier l’ejade (jade), from Spanish piedra de ijada (flank stone), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (flank). (Jade was thought to cure pains in the side.)

Noun

jade (usually uncountable, plural jades)

  1. A semiprecious stone, either nephrite or jadeite, generally green or white in color, often used for carving figurines.
    Synonyms: jadestone, jade stone, yu
  2. A bright shade of slightly bluish or greyish green, typical of polished jade stones.
    Synonym: jade green
  3. A succulent plant, Crassula ovata.
    Synonyms: jade plant, lucky plant, money plant, money tree
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • Appendix:Colors
  • Adjective

    jade (not comparable)

    1. Of a grayish shade of green, typical of jade stones.

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English [Term?], either a variant of yaud or merely influenced by it. Yaud derives from Old Norse jalda (mare), from a Uralic language, such as Moksha эльде (elʹde) or Erzya эльде (elʹde). See yaud for more.

    Noun

    jade (plural jades)

    1. A horse too old to be put to work.
      Synonyms: nag, yaud
    2. (especially derogatory) A bad-tempered or disreputable woman.
      Synonyms: see Thesaurus:shrew
    Translations

    Verb

    jade (third-person singular simple present jades, present participle jading, simple past and past participle jaded) (transitive)

    1. To fatigue, tire, or weary (someone or something).
      Synonyms: see Thesaurus:tire
    2. (obsolete) To treat (someone or something) like a jade; to spurn.
    3. (obsolete) To make (someone or something) contemptible and ridiculous.
    Derived terms
    • jaded
    Translations

    References


    Danish

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /jaːdə/, [ˈjæːð̩]
    • Rhymes: -aːdə

    Noun

    jade c (singular definite jaden, uncountable)

    1. (mineralogy) jade

    Finnish

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈjɑde/, [ˈjɑde̞]
    • Rhymes: -ɑde
    • Syllabification: ja‧de

    Noun

    jade

    1. (mineralogy) jade

    Declension


    French

    Etymology

    Rebracketed from earlier l’ejade (jade), from Spanish piedra de ijada (flank stone), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (flank) (jade was thought to cure pains in the side).

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ʒad/

    Noun

    jade m (plural jades)

    1. jade

    Descendants

    Further reading

    • “jade” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

    Anagrams

    • déjà

    Portuguese

    Etymology

    From French le jade, rebracketing of earlier l’ejade (jade), from Spanish piedra de ijada (flank stone), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (flank) (jade was thought to cure pains in the side).

    Pronunciation

    • Rhymes: -adʒi

    Noun

    jade m (plural jades)

    1. jade (gem)

    Serbo-Croatian

    Noun

    jade (Cyrillic spelling јаде)

    1. vocative singular of jad

    Spanish

    Etymology

    From French jade, back formation from le jade, rebracketing of earlier l’ejade (jade), from Spanish piedra de ijada (literally flank stone), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (flank) (jade was thought to cure pains in the side).

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈxade/, [ˈxa.ð̞e]

    Noun

    jade m (plural jades)

    1. (mineralogy) jade

    Derived terms

    • jadeíta

    Anagrams

    • deja

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