hag vs hagfish what difference

what is difference between hag and hagfish

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hæɡ/
  • Rhymes: -æɡ

Etymology 1

From Middle English hagge, hegge (demon, old woman), shortening of Old English hægtesse, hægtes (harpy, witch), from Proto-Germanic *hagatusjō (compare Saterland Frisian Häkse (witch), Dutch heks, German Hexe (witch)), compounds of (1) *hagaz (able, skilled) (compare Old Norse hagr (handy, skillful), Middle High German behac (pleasurable)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱak- (compare Sanskrit शक्नोति (śaknóti, he can)), and (2) *tusjǭ (witch) (compare dialectal Norwegian tysja (fairy, she-elf)). Doublet of hex.

Noun

hag (plural hags)

  1. A witch, sorceress, or enchantress; a wizard.
  2. (derogatory) An ugly old woman.
  3. A fury; a she-monster.
    • 1646, Richard Crashaw, Steps to the Temple, “Sospetto D’ Herode”, stanza 37:
      Fourth of the cursed knot of hags is she / Or rather all the other three in one; / Hell’s shop of slaughter she does oversee, / And still assist the execution
  4. A hagfish; one of various eel-like fish of the family Myxinidae, allied to the lamprey, with a suctorial mouth, labial appendages, and a single pair of gill openings.
  5. A hagdon or shearwater; one of various sea birds of the genus Puffinus.
  6. (obsolete) An appearance of light and fire on a horse’s mane or a man’s hair.
  7. The fruit of the hagberry, Prunus padus.
  8. (slang) sleep paralysis
Synonyms
  • (witch or sorceress): See Thesaurus:magician
  • (ugly old woman): See Thesaurus:ugly woman
  • (eel-like marine fish): borer, hagfish, sleepmarken, slime eel, sucker, myxinid
  • (sea bird): hagdon, haglet, shearwater
  • (fruit of the hagberry): bird cherry, hackberry
Derived terms
  • fag hag
Translations

Etymology 2

From Scots hag (to cut), from Old Norse hǫgg (cut, gap, breach), derivative of hǫggva (to hack, hew); compare English hew.

Noun

hag (plural hags)

  1. A small wood, or part of a wood or copse, which is marked off or enclosed for felling, or which has been felled.
  2. A quagmire; mossy ground where peat or turf has been cut.

Etymology 3

From Proto-Germanic *hag(g)ōnan (compare obsolete Dutch hagen (to torment, agonize), Norwegian haga (to tire, weaken)).

Verb

hag (third-person singular simple present hags, present participle hagging, simple past and past participle hagged)

  1. (transitive) To harass; to weary with vexation.

References

Further reading

  • Hag in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Anagrams

  • HGA, agh, gah, gha

Breton

Conjunction

hag

  1. and

Synonyms

  • (before consonants or /j/) ha

Cornish

Conjunction

hag

  1. and

Synonyms

  • (before consonants) ha

Danish

Verb

hag

  1. imperative of hage

Scots

Etymology 1

From Middle English haggen (to hack, chop, cut), from Old Norse hǫggva (to hew). Compare English hag, above. Noun attested from the 14th century in Older Scots, with the verb from c. 1400.

Alternative forms

  • hagg
  • haag, haug

Noun

hag (plural hags)

  1. a notch; a pit or break
  2. a stroke of an axe or similar instrument
  3. the felling of timber; the quantity of wood felled
  4. a quagmire from which peat or turf is cut

Verb

hag (third-person singular present hags, present participle haggin, past hagg’d, past participle haggit)

  1. to chop (wood); to hack; to dig out (coal etc.)
  2. (figuratively) to make a hash of (something)
  3. to cut down trees and prepare timber

Etymology 2

Unknown. Perhaps from Etymology 1 above, “to hack”, thus “castrate”. Compare hogg (a young sheep). Attested from the 19th century.

Noun

hag (plural hags)

  1. an ox
  2. a cattleman, one who raises cattle or oxen
    Synonym: hagman

Etymology 3

From Icelandic hagga (to budge; to put out of place). Attested from the 20th century.

Verb

hag (third-person singular present hags, present participle haggin, past hagg’d, past participle haggit)

  1. to hinder; to impede

References

  • “hag, v1, n1.”, in The Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries, 2004–, OCLC 57069714, reproduced from W[illiam] Grant and D[avid] D. Murison, editors, The Scottish National Dictionary, Edinburgh: Scottish National Dictionary Association, 1931–1976, →OCLC.
  • “hag, n.”, in The Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries, 2004–, OCLC 57069714, reproduced from William A[lexander] Craigie, A[dam] J[ack] Aitken [et al.], editors, A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue: [], Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1931–2002, →OCLC.
  • “hag, v.”, in The Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries, 2004–, OCLC 57069714, reproduced from William A[lexander] Craigie, A[dam] J[ack] Aitken [et al.], editors, A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue: [], Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1931–2002, →OCLC.
  • “haggen, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  • “hag, n2.”, in The Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries, 2004–, OCLC 57069714, reproduced from W[illiam] Grant and D[avid] D. Murison, editors, The Scottish National Dictionary, Edinburgh: Scottish National Dictionary Association, 1931–1976, →OCLC.
  • “hag, v2.”, in The Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries, 2004–, OCLC 57069714, reproduced from W[illiam] Grant and D[avid] D. Murison, editors, The Scottish National Dictionary, Edinburgh: Scottish National Dictionary Association, 1931–1976, →OCLC.

Westrobothnian

Etymology

From Old Saxon hago (enclosure). Doublet of haga.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [hɑːɣ], [hæːɣ]
    Rhymes: -áːɣ, -ǽːɣ
    (a-o merger) Rhymes: -ɑ́ːɣ, -ɒ́ːɣ

Noun

hag n (definite hagjä)

  1. simple fence or enclosure made of sticks, twigs or bushes
  2. (hunting) such a construction used for hunting, with openings with snares and traps where birds and hares are caught

Derived terms

  • ryphag

Related terms

  • hååg
  • haga
  • hägi


English

Etymology

hag +‎ fish

Noun

hagfish (countable and uncountable, plural hagfish or hagfishes)

  1. Any of several primitive eellike fish, of the family Myxinidae, having a sucking mouth with rasping teeth, and sometimes used as food or for eelskin leather.

Synonyms

  • borer
  • hag
  • myxinid
  • myxinoid
  • slime eel

Hypernyms

  • cyclostome

Derived terms

Translations


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