hair vs pilus what difference

what is difference between hair and pilus

English

Etymology

From Middle English her, heer, hær, from Old English hǣr, from Proto-West Germanic *hār, from Proto-Germanic *hērą (hair), of uncertain origin. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Hier (hair), West Frisian hier (hair), Dutch haar (hair), German Low German Haar (hair), German Haar (hair), Swedish and Norwegian hår (hair), Icelandic hár (hair). Eclipsed non-native Middle English cheveler, chevelere (hair), borrowed from Old French chevelëure (hair, head-hair, coiffure, wig).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hâr, IPA(key): /hɛə/, /hɛɚ/, /hɛː/
  • (US, Canada, Ireland) IPA(key): /hɛ(ə)ɹ/
  • (General Australian) IPA(key): /heː/
    • (Victoria) IPA(key): /hɛːə/
  • (General New Zealand) IPA(key): [hiə]
  • Homophone: hare
  • Rhymes: -ɛə(r)
  • (General New Zealand) Homophones: here (cheer–chair merger), air, heir (cheer–chair merger and H-dropping)

Noun

hair (countable and uncountable, plural hairs) (but usually in singular)

  1. (countable) A pigmented filament of keratin which grows from a follicle on the skin of humans and other mammals.
    • Then read he me how Sampson lost his hairs.
    • And draweth new delights with hoary hairs.
  2. (uncountable) The collection or mass of such growths growing from the skin of humans and animals, and forming a covering for a part of the head or for any part or the whole body.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I:
      Her abundant hair, of a dark and glossy brown, was neatly plaited and coiled above an ivory column that rose straight from a pair of gently sloping shoulders, clearly outlined beneath the light muslin frock that covered them.
  3. (zoology, countable) A slender outgrowth from the chitinous cuticle of insects, spiders, crustaceans, and other invertebrates. Such hairs are totally unlike those of vertebrates in structure, composition, and mode of growth.
  4. (botany, countable) A cellular outgrowth of the epidermis, consisting of one or of several cells, whether pointed, hooked, knobbed, or stellated.
  5. (countable, engineering, firearms) A locking spring or other safety device in the lock of a rifle, etc., capable of being released by a slight pressure on a hair-trigger.
  6. (obsolete) Haircloth; a hair shirt.
    • c. 1390, Geoffrey Chaucer, “The Second Nun’s Tale”, The Canterbury Tales:
      She, ful devout and humble in hir corage, / Under hir robe of gold, that sat ful faire, / Hadde next hir flessh yclad hir in an haire.
  7. (countable) Any very small distance, or degree; a hairbreadth.
  8. (slang, uncountable) complexity; difficulty; quality of being hairy
    • January 2014, Barack Obama, quoted in “Going the Distance” by David Remnick, in The New Yorker
      Having said all that, those who argue that legalizing marijuana is a panacea and it solves all these social problems I think are probably overstating the case. There is a lot of hair on that policy.

Usage notes

  • The word hair is usually used without an article in singular number when it refers to all the hairs on one’s head in general. But if it refers to more than one hair, a few hairs, then it takes the plural form with an article and needs a plural verb.
  • Adjectives often applied to “hair”: long, short, curly, straight, wavy, dark, blonde, black, brown, red, blue, green, purple, coarse, fine, healthy, damaged, messy, beautiful, perfect, natural, dyed.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • depilatory

Translations

Verb

hair (third-person singular simple present hairs, present participle hairing, simple past and past participle haired)

  1. (transitive) To remove the hair from.
  2. (intransitive) To grow hair (where there was a bald spot).
  3. (transitive) To cause to have or bear hair; to provide with hair
  4. To string the bow for a violin.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Hari, Hira, Ihar, Riha, riah

Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /haɾʲ/

Verb

hair

  1. h-prothesized form of air

Noun

hair

  1. h-prothesized form of air

Middle English

Etymology 1

Noun

hair (plural haires)

  1. Alternative form of her (hair)

Etymology 2

Noun

hair (plural haires or hairen)

  1. Alternative form of here (haircloth)

Etymology 3

Adjective

hair

  1. Alternative form of hor (hoar)

Etymology 4

Noun

hair

  1. Alternative form of heir (heir)

Old French

Alternative forms

  • hadir, haḍir, haïr

Etymology

From Frankish *hattjan.

Verb

hair

  1. to hate

Conjugation

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. First person singular present hez and present subjunctives are inherited from Frankish with regular sound changes of *-ttj- > -z/c-. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms

  • haïne

Descendants

  • Middle French: haïr
    • French: haïr
  • Norman: haï


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin pilus (hair). Doublet of pile.

Noun

pilus (plural pili)

  1. A hair.
  2. (microbiology) A hairlike appendage found on the cell surface of many bacteria.
  3. (biochemistry) A bacterial protein that has several biochemical functions

Synonyms

  • (hairlike appendage): fimbria

See also

  • flagellum
  • pilus on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Pulis, pulis, pusil

Dutch

Noun

pilus m (plural pili)

  1. pilus (bacterial appendage)

Estonian

Noun

pilus

  1. inessive singular of pilu

Latin

Etymology 1

From Proto-Indo-European *pil- (one string of hair).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈpi.lus/, [ˈpɪɫ̪ʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈpi.lus/, [ˈpiːlus]

Noun

pilus m (genitive pilī); second declension

  1. (anatomy) A hair.
  2. (figuratively) An insignificant amount; iota; least amount
Declension

Second-declension noun.

Derived terms
Descendants

Etymology 2

From pīlum (javelin).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈpiː.lus/, [ˈpiːɫ̪ʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈpi.lus/, [ˈpiːlus]

Noun

pīlus m (genitive pīlī); second declension

  1. A maniple of the triāriī; a reserve company of veteran soldiers.
Declension

Second-declension noun.

Synonyms
  • pīlum
Derived terms
  • prīmus pīlus

References

  • pilus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pilus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pilus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pilus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette


Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial