Hale vs Hail what difference

what is difference between Hale and Hail

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /heɪl/
  • Rhymes: -eɪl
  • Homophone: hail

Etymology 1

From Middle English hele, hæle, from Old English hǣlu, hǣl, from Proto-Germanic *hailį̄ (salvation, health), a noun-derivative of Proto-Germanic *hailaz (whole, healthy). Cognate with Scots haill, hale (health), German Heil (salvation, well-being).

Noun

hale (uncountable)

  1. (archaic) Health, welfare.
    • c. 1515–1516, published 1568, John Skelton, Againſt venemous tongues enpoyſoned with ſclaunder and falſe detractions &c.:
      Then let them vale a bonet of their proud ſayle,
      And of their taunting toies reſt with il hayle.
    • 1595, Edmund Spenser, Astrophel: A Pastorall Elegy upon the Death of the Most Noble and Valorous Knight, Sir Philip Sidney
      all heedless of his dearest hale
Translations

Etymology 2

From Northern Middle English hal, hale, variants of hole (healthy; safe; whole) (whence whole), from Middle English hāl, from Proto-West Germanic *hail, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (whole; entire; healthy). See whole for more.

Adjective

hale (comparative haler, superlative halest)

  1. (dated) Sound, entire, healthy; robust, not impaired.
    • 1731, Jonathan Swift, On the Death of Dr. Swift
      Last year we thought him strong and hale.
    • 1883, Howard Pyle, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood Chapter V
      “Good morrow to thee, jolly fellow,” quoth Robin, “thou seemest happy this merry morn.”
      “Ay, that am I,” quoth the jolly Butcher, “and why should I not be so? Am I not hale in wind and limb? Have I not the bonniest lass in all Nottinghamshire? And lastly, am I not to be married to her on Thursday next in sweet Locksley Town?”
Usage notes
  • Now rather uncommon, except in the stock phrase hale and hearty.
Antonyms
  • unhale
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English halen, from Anglo-Norman haler, from Old Dutch *halon (compare Dutch halen), from Proto-Germanic *halōną (compare Old English ġeholian, West Frisian helje, German holen), from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (to lift) (compare Latin ex-cellō (to surpass), Tocharian B käly- (to stand, stay), Albanian qell (to halt, hold up, carry), Lithuanian kélti (to raise up), Ancient Greek κελέοντες (keléontes, upright beam on a loom)). Doublet of haul.

Verb

hale (third-person singular simple present hales, present participle haling, simple past and past participle haled)

  1. To drag or pull, especially forcibly.
    • 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial, 2007, page 262:
      They will hale the King to Paris, and have him under their eye.
Translations

Anagrams

  • Aleh, Heal, Hela, Leah, heal

Alemannic German

Etymology

From Old High German *halēn. Compare Icelandic hallur (steep), from Old Norse hallr (rock, stone), from Proto-Germanic *halluz (rock, stone; rockface, cliff).

Verb

hale

  1. (Uri) to be steep

References

  • Abegg, Emil, (1911) Die Mundart von Urseren (Beiträge zur Schweizerdeutschen Grammatik. IV.) [The Dialect of Urseren], Frauenfeld, Switzerland: Huber & Co., page 35.

Central Franconian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhaːlə/

Verb

hale (third-person singular present hält, past tense heelt or hielt, past participle jehale or gehale or gehal)

  1. Alternative spelling of haale

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /haːlə/, [ˈhæːlə]

Etymology 1

From Old Norse hali.

Noun

hale c (singular definite halen, plural indefinite haler)

  1. tail, brush, scut
  2. bottom, fanny
Inflection

Etymology 2

From late Old Norse hala, from Middle Low German halen.

Verb

hale (imperative hal, infinitive at hale, present tense haler, past tense halede, perfect tense har halet)

  1. haul, heave, pull
  2. drag

Further reading

  • hale on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da

Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

hale

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of halen

French

Verb

hale

  1. first-person singular present indicative of haler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of haler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of haler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of haler
  5. second-person singular imperative of haler

Anagrams

  • héla

Galician

Verb

hale

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of halar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of halar

Hawaiian

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *fale, from Proto-Central Pacific *vale, from Proto-Oceanic *pale, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *balay.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈha.le/, [ˈhɐle]

Noun

hale

  1. house, building
  2. institution
  3. lodge
  4. station, hall

Verb

hale

  1. to have a house

Derived terms

  • hoʻohale

References

  • “hale” in the Hawaiian Dictionary, Revised and Enlarged Edition, University of Hawaii Press, 1986

Middle English

Etymology 1

From a form of Old English halh without the final -h; compare hāle (dative). Doublet of halgh (attested only in placenames), whence English haugh.

Noun

hale (plural hales)

  1. corner, nook, cranny, hiding place
Alternative forms
  • hal
Descendants
  • English: hale

References

  • “hāle, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

From Anglo-Norman hale, halle, from Latin halla (house, dwelling; court; palace; market hall), from Frankish *hallu, from Proto-Germanic *hallō (hall). Doublet of halle (hall).

Noun

hale (plural hales)

  1. hale (temporary structure for housing, entertaining, eating meals, etc.)
Alternative forms
  • halle
Descendants
  • English: hale

References

  • “hāle, n.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 3

Verb

hale

  1. Alternative form of haylen (to hail)

Etymology 4

Noun

hale (plural hales)

  1. Alternative form of halle (hall)

Etymology 5

Noun

hale (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of hayle (hail)

Etymology 6

Adjective

hale

  1. Alternative form of hole (healthy, whole)

Etymology 7

Adjective

hale

  1. Alternative form of holy (holy)

Norman

Verb

hale

  1. first-person singular present indicative of haler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of haler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of haler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of haler
  5. second-person singular imperative of haler

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse hali.

Noun

hale m (definite singular halen, indefinite plural haler, definite plural halene)

  1. a tail (of an animal, aircraft, comet etc.)
Derived terms

Related terms
  • stjert

Etymology 2

From late Old Norse hala, from Middle Low German halen.

Verb

hale (present tense haler, past tense halte, past participle halt)

  1. to haul, heave, pull
  2. to drag

References

  • “hale” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse hali.

Noun

hale m (definite singular halen, indefinite plural halar, definite plural halane)

  1. a tail (of an animal, aircraft, comet etc.)

Derived terms

  • halefinne
  • halelaus
  • hestehale
  • tverrhalehauk

Related terms

  • stjert

References

  • “hale” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxa.lɛ/

Noun

hale f

  1. nominative plural of hala
  2. accusative plural of hala
  3. vocative plural of hala

Spanish

Verb

hale

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of halar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of halar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of halar.


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /heɪl/, [heɪ̯ɫ]
  • Rhymes: -eɪl
  • Homophone: hale

Etymology 1

From Middle English hayle, haile, hail, from Old English hæġl, hæġel, from Proto-Germanic *haglaz (compare West Frisian heil, Low German Hagel, Dutch hagel, German Hagel, Danish hagl). Either from Proto-Indo-European *kagʰlos (pebble), or from *ḱoḱló-, a reduplication of *ḱel- (cold) (compare Old Norse héla (frost)).

Root-cognates outside of Germanic include Welsh caill (testicle), Breton kell (testicle), Lithuanian šešėlis (shade, shadow), Ancient Greek κάχληξ (kákhlēx, pebble), Albanian çakëll (pebble), Sanskrit शिशिर (śíśira, cool, cold).

Noun

hail (uncountable)

  1. Balls or pieces of ice falling as precipitation, often in connection with a thunderstorm.
Derived terms
  • hailstone
  • hail storm / hailstorm
  • hail shaft / hailshaft
Translations

Verb

hail (third-person singular simple present hails, present participle hailing, simple past and past participle hailed)

  1. (impersonal) Of hail, to fall from the sky.
    They say it’s going to hail tomorrow.
  2. (intransitive) To send or release hail.
    The cloud would hail down furiously within a few minutes.
  3. To pour down in rapid succession.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English heil (healthy, sound), from Old Norse heill, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (whole, entire, healthy). The verb is from Middle English heilen, itself from the adjective. Doublet of whole and hale.

Adjective

hail (comparative hailer, superlative hailest)

  1. (obsolete) Healthy, whole, safe.

Verb

hail (third-person singular simple present hails, present participle hailing, simple past and past participle hailed)

  1. (transitive) to greet; give salutation to; salute.
  2. (transitive) To name; to designate; to call.
  3. (transitive) to call out loudly in order to gain the attention of
  4. (transitive) To signal in order to initiate communication with.
Derived terms
  • hailer
  • hail from
Translations

Interjection

hail

  1. An exclamation of respectful or reverent salutation, or, occasionally, of familiar greeting.
Derived terms
  • all hail
  • Hail Mary
Translations

Anagrams

  • Hlai, hila

Estonian

Noun

hail

  1. adessive singular of hai

Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /halʲ/

Noun

hail

  1. h-prothesized form of ail

Middle English

Etymology 1

Noun

hail (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of hayle (hail)

Etymology 2

Adjective

hail

  1. Alternative form of heil (healthy, sound)

Noun

hail (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of heil (health, welfare)

Scots

Etymology 1

From Old English hāl (healthy, safe), from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (whole, safe, sound), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [hel]
  • (South Scots) IPA(key): [hjɛl]

Adjective

hail (comparative hailer, superlative hailest)

  1. whole
  2. free or recovered from disease, healthy, wholesome
  3. (of people, parts of the body, etc.) free from injury, safe, sound, unhurt
  4. (of material objects and of time, numbers etc.) whole, entire, complete, sound, unbroken, undamaged
Derived terms

Noun

hail (plural hails)

  1. the whole, the whole amount or number

Verb

hail (third-person singular present hails, present participle hailin, past hailt, past participle hailt)

  1. to heal, cure

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [hel]

Verb

hail (third-person singular present hails, present participle hailin, past hailt, past participle hailt)

  1. (sports) to drive the ball through the goal, etc.
Derived terms
  • ower hail (to overtake)

Noun

hail (plural hails)

  1. (sports) goal, the shout when a goal is scored, the goal area

Etymology 3

From Old English hæġl, hæġel, from Proto-Germanic *haglaz, either from Proto-Indo-European *kagʰlos (pebble), or from *ḱoḱló-, a reduplication of *ḱel- (cold).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [hel]

Noun

hail (uncountable)

  1. (weather) hail, hailstones
  2. small shot, pellets
Derived terms
  • hailie-pickle (hailstone)
  • hailstane (hailstone)

Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hai̯l/

Adjective

hail

  1. h-prothesized form of ail (second)

Mutation


Westrobothnian

Etymology

From Old Norse heill, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole). Akin to English whole.

Pronunciation 1

  • IPA(key): /he(ɪ̯)ːl/, /hɛ(ɪ̯)ːl/, /ha(ɪ̯)ːl/
    Rhymes: -éɪ̯ːl

Adjective

hail (neuter haillt)

  1. whole, complete, full, entire
    Dem sat å gamsä heilä ättermedagen

    They sat and chewed the fat the entire afternoon.

Pronunciation 2

  • IPA(key): /²he(ɪ̯)ːl/, /²hɛ(ɪ̯)ːl/, /²ha(ɪ̯)ːl/
    Rhymes: -èɪ̯ːl

Verb

hail (preterite haile, middle hailes, passive val haile)

  1. (transitive) To heal.
Synonyms
  • häli

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