halt vs stem what difference

what is difference between halt and stem

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɔːlt/
  • (cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /hɑlt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːlt

Etymology 1

From Middle English halten, from Old English healtian (to be lame, walk with a limp), from Proto-Germanic *haltōną. English usage in the sense of ‘make a halt’ is from the noun. Cognate with North Frisian halte, Swedish halta.

Verb

halt (third-person singular simple present halts, present participle halting, simple past and past participle halted)

  1. (intransitive) To limp; move with a limping gait.
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 4 scene 1
      Do not smile at me that I boast her of,
      For thou shalt find she will outstrip all praise,
      And make it halt behind her.
  2. (intransitive) To stand in doubt whether to proceed, or what to do; hesitate; be uncertain; linger; delay; mammer.
    • #*
      How long halt ye between two opinions?
  3. (intransitive) To be lame, faulty, or defective, as in connection with ideas, or in measure, or in versification.
  4. To waver.
  5. To falter.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle French halt, from early modern German halt (stop!), imperative of halten (to hold, to stop). More at hold.

Verb

halt (third-person singular simple present halts, present participle halting, simple past and past participle halted)

  1. (intransitive) To stop marching.
  2. (intransitive) To stop either temporarily or permanently.
    • And it was while all were passionately intent upon the pleasing and snake-like progress of their uncle that a young girl in furs, ascending the stairs two at a time, peeped perfunctorily into the nursery as she passed the hallway—and halted amazed.
  3. (transitive) To bring to a stop.
  4. (transitive) To cause to discontinue.
Synonyms
  • (to stop marching):
  • (to stop): brake, desist, stay; See also Thesaurus:stop
  • (to cause something to stop): freeze, immobilize; See also Thesaurus:immobilize
  • (to cause to discontinue): break off, terminate, shut down, stop; See also Thesaurus:desist
Translations

Noun

halt (plural halts)

  1. A cessation, either temporary or permanent.
  2. (rail transport) A minor railway station (usually unstaffed) in the United Kingdom.
Synonyms
  • (cessation: temporary): hiatus, moratorium, recess; see also Thesaurus:pause
  • (cessation: permanent): close, endpoint, terminus; see also Thesaurus:finish
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English halt, from Old English healt, from Proto-Germanic *haltaz (halt, lame), from Proto-Indo-European *kol-d-, from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to beat, strike, cut, slash). Cognate with Danish halt, Swedish halt.

Adjective

halt (comparative more halt, superlative most halt)

  1. (archaic) Lame, limping.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Mark IX:
      It is better for the to goo halt into lyfe, then with ij. fete to be cast into hell []
    • Bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.

Noun

halt (plural halts)

  1. (dated) Lameness; a limp.

Anagrams

  • lath, thal

Alemannic German

Etymology

From Middle High German halt. Cognate with German halt (adverb).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /halt/

Adverb

halt

  1. so, just, simply
    • 1978, Rolf Lyssy & Christa Maerker, Die Schweizermacher, (transcript):
      Chömmer halt e chli früner. Schadet a nüt.

      So we’ll arrive a little earlier. Won’t do any harm.

Danish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective

halt

  1. lame

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /halt/

Etymology 1

From the verb halten (to hold; to stop).

Verb

halt

  1. singular imperative of halten

Interjection

halt!

  1. stop!, wait!
Descendants
  • Dutch: halt
  • Italian: alt
  • Spanish: alto
  • Portuguese: alto
  • Middle French: halt
    • French: halte
      • Dutch: halte
    • English: halt

Etymology 2

From Middle High German halt, pertaining to Old High German halto (soon, fast). Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *haldiz, an adverbial comparative like *batiz.

Adverb

halt

  1. (colloquial, modal particle) Indicating that something is generally known, or cannot be changed, or the like; often untranslatable; so, just, simply, indeed
Usage notes
  • The word is originally southern German and is still considered so by some contemporary dictionaries. It has, however, become common throughout the language area during the past decades.
Synonyms
  • eben

See also

  • ja

Hungarian

Etymology

hal (to die) +‎ -t (past-tense and past-participle suffix)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒlt]
  • Hyphenation: halt
  • Rhymes: -ɒlt

Verb

halt

  1. third-person singular indicative past indefinite of hal

Participle

halt

  1. past participle of hal

Declension


Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [hal̪ˠt̪ˠ]

Noun

halt m

  1. h-prothesized form of alt

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse haltr, from Proto-Germanic *haltaz.

Pronunciation

  • Homophones: hallt, halvt

Adjective

halt (indefinite singular halt, definite singular and plural halte, comparative haltare, indefinite superlative haltast, definite superlative haltaste)

  1. limp, limping

Verb

halt

  1. imperative of halta and halte

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Participle

halt (definite singular and plural halte)

  1. past participle of hala and hale

Verb

halt

  1. supine of hala and hale

References

  • “halt” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old French

Etymology

From a conflation of Frankish *hauh, *hōh (high, tall, elevated) and Latin altus (high, raised, profound).

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [ˈhaɫt]

Adjective

halt m (oblique and nominative feminine singular halte)

  1. high; elevated

Adverb

halt

  1. loud; loudly

Derived terms

  • haltement

Descendants

  • Middle French: hault
    • French: haut

Old Norse

Adjective

halt

  1. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of haltr

Verb

halt

  1. second-person singular imperative active of halda


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: stĕm, IPA(key): /stɛm/
  • Rhymes: -ɛm

Etymology 1

From Middle English stem, stemme, stempne, stevin, from Old English stemn, from Proto-Germanic *stamniz.

Noun

stem (plural stems)

  1. The stock of a family; a race or generation of progenitors.
    • 1633, George Herbert, Church Monuments
      While I do pray, learn here thy stem / And true descent.
  2. A branch of a family.
  3. An advanced or leading position; the lookout.
    • Wolsey sat at the stem more than twenty years.
  4. (botany) The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.
    • 1736, Sir Walter Raleigh, The History of the World in Five Books
      After they are shot up thirty feet in length, they spread a very large top, having no bough nor twig in the trunk or the stem.
  5. A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogy, the shaft of a feather.
  6. A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.
  7. (linguistics) The main part of an uninflected word to which affixes may be added to form inflections of the word. A stem often has a more fundamental root. Systematic conjugations and declensions derive from their stems.
  8. (slang) A person’s leg.
    • 2008, Lori Wilde, Rhonda Nelson, Cara Summers, August Harlequin Blaze
      She was perfectly, fuckably proportioned everywhere else, both above and below her waist. A pocket-size Venus, with the longest stems he’d ever seen on someone so dang diminutive.
  9. (slang) The penis.
  10. (typography) A vertical stroke of a letter.
  11. (music) A vertical stroke marking the length of a note in written music.
    Synonyms: tail, (obsolete) virgula
  12. (music) A premixed portion of a track for use in audio mastering and remixing.
  13. (nautical) The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached.
  14. (cycling) A component on a bicycle that connects the handlebars to the bicycle fork.
  15. (anatomy) A part of an anatomic structure considered without its possible branches or ramifications.
  16. (slang) A crack pipe; or the long, hollow portion of a similar pipe (i.e. meth pipe) resembling a crack pipe.
  17. (chiefly Britain) A winder on a clock, watch, or similar mechanism.
Derived terms
Translations
References

“stem” in the Collins English Dictionary

Verb

stem (third-person singular simple present stems, present participle stemming, simple past and past participle stemmed)

  1. To remove the stem from.
  2. To be caused or derived; to originate.
  3. To descend in a family line.
  4. To direct the stem (of a ship) against; to make headway against.
  5. (obsolete) To hit with the stem of a ship; to ram.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.ii:
      As when two warlike Brigandines at sea, / With murdrous weapons arm’d to cruell fight, / Doe meete together on the watry lea, / They stemme ech other with so fell despight, / That with the shocke of their owne heedlesse might, / Their wooden ribs are shaken nigh a sonder []
  6. To ram (clay, etc.) into a blasting hole.
Synonyms
  • (to originate, stem from): to be due to, to arise from
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English stemmen, a borrowing from Old Norse stemma (to stop, stem, dam) (whence Danish stemme/stæmme (to stem, dam up)), from Proto-Germanic *stammijaną. Cognate with German stemmen, Middle Dutch stemmen, stempen. Compare stammer.

Verb

stem (third-person singular simple present stems, present participle stemming, simple past and past participle stemmed)

  1. (transitive) To stop, hinder (for instance, a river or blood).
    to stem a tide
    • [They] stem the flood with their erected breasts.
  2. (skiing) To move the feet apart and point the tips of the skis inward in order to slow down the speed or to facilitate a turn.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:hinder
Translations

Etymology 3

Noun

stem (plural stems)

  1. Alternative form of steem

Etymology 4

Acronym of science, technology, engineering, (and) mathematics.

Noun

stem (plural stems)

  1. Alternative form of STEM
    • 2015 May 29th, BBC News, How do US black students perform at school?
      Stem (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields are a particular cause for concern because within them there are more pronounced stereotypes, extreme competitiveness and gender inequities regarding the abilities and competencies of black male and female students.

Further reading

  • stem in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • stem in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “stem”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • EMTs, Mets, Smet, TEMs, mets

Afrikaans

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɛm/

Etymology 1

From Dutch stem, from Middle Dutch stemme, from Old Dutch *stemma, from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stamnijō.

Noun

stem (plural stemme)

  1. vote
  2. voice

Etymology 2

From Dutch stemmen.

Verb

stem (present stem, present participle stemmende, past participle gestem)

  1. to vote

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch stemme, from Old Dutch *stemma, from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stamnijō. Under influence of Latin vox (voice, word), it acquired the now obsolete sense of “word”.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɛm/
  • Hyphenation: stem
  • Rhymes: -ɛm

Noun

stem f (plural stemmen, diminutive stemmetje n)

  1. voice, sound made by the mouth using airflow
  2. the ability to speak
  3. vote
  4. (obsolete) word
  5. (phonetics) voice, property formed by vibration of the vocal cords

Derived terms

  • foertstem
  • proteststem

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: stem
  • Negerhollands: stem
  • Indonesian: setem
  • Papiamentu: stèm
  • Sranan Tongo: sten

Verb

stem

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stemmen
  2. imperative of stemmen

Anagrams

  • mest, mets

Latin

Verb

stem

  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of stō

Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

stem

  1. imperative of stemme

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

stem

  1. imperative of stemme

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English stamp.

Noun

stem

  1. stamp

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