hammer vs pound what difference

what is difference between hammer and pound

English

Etymology

From Middle English hamer, from Old English hamor, from Proto-West Germanic *hamar, from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz (tool with a stone head) (compare West Frisian hammer, Low German Hamer, Dutch hamer, German Hammer, Danish hammer, Swedish hammare), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros (compare Sanskrit अश्मर (aśmará, stony)), itself a derivation from *h₂éḱmō (stone).

For *h₂éḱmō (stone), compare Lithuanian akmuõ, Latvian akmens, Russian камень (kamenʹ), Serbo-Croatian kamēn, Albanian kmesë (sickle), Ancient Greek ἄκμων (ákmōn, meteor rock, anvil), Avestan ????????????????????(namsa), Sanskrit अश्मन् (áśman)) (root *h₂eḱ- (sharp)).

(declare a defaulter on the stock exchange): Originally signalled by knocking with a wooden mallet.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhæm.ə(ɹ)/
  • Rhymes: -æmə(ɹ)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhæm.ɚ/

Noun

hammer (plural hammers)

  1. A tool with a heavy head and a handle used for pounding.
  2. The act of using a hammer to hit something.
  3. A moving part of a firearm that strikes the firing pin to discharge a gun.
  4. (anatomy) The malleus, a small bone of the middle ear.
  5. (music) In a piano or dulcimer, a piece of wood covered in felt that strikes the string.
  6. (sports) A device made of a heavy steel ball attached to a length of wire, and used for throwing.
  7. (curling) The last stone in an end.
  8. (frisbee) A frisbee throwing style in which the disc is held upside-down with a forehand grip and thrown above the head.
  9. Part of a clock that strikes upon a bell to indicate the hour.
  10. One who, or that which, smites or shatters.
    St. Augustine was the hammer of heresies.
    • 1849, John Henry Newman, Discourses to Mixed Congregations
      He met the stern legionaries [of Rome] who had been the massive iron hammers of the whole earth.
  11. (journalism) Short for hammer headline.
    • 1981, Harry W. Stonecipher, ‎Edward C. Nicholls, ‎Douglas A. Anderson, Electronic Age News Editing (page 104)
      Hammers are, in essence, reverse kickers. Instead of being set in smaller type like kickers, hammers are set in larger type than headlines.
  12. (motor racing) The accelerator pedal.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • mallet

Verb

hammer (third-person singular simple present hammers, present participle hammering, simple past and past participle hammered)

  1. To strike repeatedly with a hammer, some other implement, the fist, etc.
  2. To form or forge with a hammer; to shape by beating.
    • hammered money
  3. (figuratively) To emphasize a point repeatedly.
  4. (sports) To hit particularly hard.
  5. (cycling, intransitive, slang) To ride very fast.
    • 2011, Tim Moore, French Revolutions: Cycling the Tour de France (page 58)
      Fifteen minutes later, leaving a vapour trail of kitchen smells, I hammered into Obterre.
  6. (intransitive) To strike internally, as if hit by a hammer.
    I could hear the engine’s valves hammering once the timing rod was thrown.
  7. (transitive, slang, figuratively, sports) To defeat (a person, a team) resoundingly
    We hammered them 5-0!
  8. (transitive, slang, computing) To make high demands on (a system or service).
    • 1995, Optimizing Windows NT (volume 4, page 226)
      So we’ll be hammering the server in an unrealistic manner, but we’ll see how the additional clients affect overall performance. We’ll add two, three, four, and then five clients, []
  9. (transitive, finance) To declare (a person) a defaulter on the stock exchange.
  10. (transitive, finance) To beat down the price of (a stock), or depress (a market).
  11. (transitive, colloquial) To have hard sex with
    Synonym: pound

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • hammer out

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse hamarr, from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros, from *h₂éḱmō (stone).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hamər/, [ˈhɑmɐ]

Noun

hammer c (singular definite hammeren, plural indefinite hammere or hamre)

  1. hammer

Inflection


German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhamɐ/
  • Homophone: Hammer

Verb

hammer

  1. (colloquial, regional) Contraction of haben wir.

Usage notes

This contraction is common throughout central Germany, southern Germany, and Austria. It is only occasionally heard in northern Germany.

See also

  • simmer

Middle English

Noun

hammer

  1. Alternative form of hamer

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse hamarr, from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros, from *h₂éḱmō (stone).

Alternative forms

  • hammar

Noun

hammer m (definite singular hammeren, indefinite plural hammere or hamrer, definite plural hammerne or hamrene)

  1. a hammer (tool)
Related terms
  • hamre (verb)

Etymology 2

Noun

hammer m

  1. indefinite plural of ham

References

  • “hammer” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian hamar, from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros, from *h₂éḱmō (stone).

Noun

hammer c (plural hammers, diminutive hammerke)

  1. hammer

Further reading

  • “hammer”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paʊnd/
  • Rhymes: -aʊnd

Etymology 1

From Middle English pound, from Old English pund (a pound, weight), from Proto-Germanic *pundą (pound, weight), an early borrowing from Latin pondō (by weight), ablative form of pondus (weight), from Proto-Indo-European *pend-, *spend- (to pull, stretch). Cognate with Dutch pond, German Pfund, Swedish pund. Doublet of pood.

Noun

pound (plural pounds) (sometimes pound after numerals)

  1. A unit of mass equal to 16 avoirdupois ounces (= 453.592 37 g). Today this value is the most common meaning of “pound” as a unit of weight.
    Synonym: lb
  2. A unit of mass equal to 12 troy ounces (≈ 373.242 g). Today, this is a common unit of weight when measuring precious metals, and is little used elsewhere.
    Synonym: lb t
  3. (US) The symbol # (octothorpe, hash)
    Synonyms: hash, sharp
  4. The unit of currency used in the United Kingdom and its dependencies. It is divided into 100 pence.
    Synonyms: £, pound sterling, GBP, quid, nicker
  5. Any of various units of currency used in Egypt and Lebanon, and formerly in the Republic of Ireland, Cyprus and Israel.
    Synonym: punt
  6. Any of various units of currency formerly used in the United States.
  7. Abbreviation for pound-force, a unit of force/weight. Using this abbreviation to describe pound-force is inaccurate and unscientific.
Usage notes
  • Internationally, the “pound” has most commonly referred to the UK pound, £, (pound sterling). The other currencies were usually distinguished in some way, e.g., the “Irish pound” or the “punt”.
  • In the vicinity of each other country calling its currency the pound among English speakers the local currency would be the “pound”, with all others distinguished, e.g., the “British pound”, the “Egyptian pound” etc.
  • The general plural of “pound” has usually been “pounds” (at least since Chaucer), but the continuing use of the Old English genitive or neuter “pound” as the plural after numerals (for both currency and weight) is common in some regions. It can be considered correct, or colloquial, depending on region.
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • Pound (the unit of mass) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Pound (the UK unit of currency) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • crown, farthing, florin, guinea, penny, pence, shilling, sovereign, sterling

Etymology 2

From Middle English pounde, ponde, pund, from Old English pund (an enclosure), related to Old English pyndan (to enclose, shut up, dam, impound). Compare also Old English pynd (a cistern, lake).

Noun

pound (plural pounds)

  1. A place for the detention of stray or wandering animals.
    Synonym: animal shelter
  2. (metonymically) The people who work for the pound.
  3. (Britain) A place for the detention of automobiles that have been illegally parked, abandoned, etc. Short form of impound.
    Synonyms: (UK) car pound, (US) impound lot, (US) impound
  4. A section of a canal between two adjacent locks.
    Synonym: reach
  5. A kind of fishing net, having a large enclosure with a narrow entrance into which fish are directed by wings spreading outward.
  6. (Newfoundland) a division inside a fishing stage where cod is cured in salt brine
    Synonym: bulk
Usage notes
  • Manx English uses this word uncountably.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

pound (third-person singular simple present pounds, present participle pounding, simple past and past participle pounded)

  1. To confine in, or as in, a pound; to impound.
    • c. 1620, anonymous, “Tom o’ Bedlam’s Song” in Giles Earle his Booke (British Museum, Additional MSS. 24, 665):
      When I short haue shorne my sowce face
      & swigg’d my horny barrell,
      In an oaken Inne I pound my skin
      as a suite of guilt apparrell

Etymology 3

From an alteration of earlier poun, pown, from Middle English pounen, from Old English pūnian (to pound, beat, bray, bruise, crush), from Proto-Germanic *pūnōną (to break to pieces, pulverise). Related to Saterland Frisian Pün (debris, fragments), Dutch puin (debris, fragments, rubbish), Low German pun (fragments). Perhaps influenced by Etymology 2 Middle English *pound, pond, from Old English *pund, pynd, in relation to the hollow mortar for pounding with the pestle.

Alternative forms

  • poun, pown (obsolete or dialectal)

Verb

pound (third-person singular simple present pounds, present participle pounding, simple past and past participle pounded)

  1. (transitive) To strike hard, usually repeatedly.
    Synonyms: hammer, pelt; see also Thesaurus:hit
  2. (transitive) To crush to pieces; to pulverize.
    Synonyms: pulverate, triturate
  3. (transitive, slang) To eat or drink very quickly.
    Synonyms: bolt, down, chug; see also Thesaurus:eat, Thesaurus:drink
  4. (transitive, baseball, slang) To pitch consistently to a certain location.
  5. (intransitive, of a body part, generally heart, blood, or head) To beat strongly or throb.
  6. (transitive, vulgar, slang) To penetrate sexually, with vigour.
    Synonyms: drill, get up in, nail, poke; see also Thesaurus:copulate with
  7. To advance heavily with measured steps.
  8. (engineering) To make a jarring noise, as when running.
  9. (slang, dated) To wager a pound on.
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • bang

Noun

pound (plural pounds)

  1. A hard blow.
    Synonym: pounding
Translations

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • pounde, pund, punde, powund

Etymology

From Old English pund, in turn from Proto-Germanic *pundą, from Latin pondō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /puːnd/, /pund/

Noun

pound (plural poundes or pounden or pound)

  1. A measurement for weight, most notably the Tower pound, merchant’s pound or pound avoirdupois, or a weight of said measurement.
  2. A pound or other silver coin (including ancient coins), weighing one Tower pound of silver.
  3. Money or coinage in general, especially a great amount of it.

Descendants

  • English: pound
  • Scots: pund, poond

References

  • “pǒund(e, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-02-22.

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