hammock vs sack what difference

what is difference between hammock and sack

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish hamaca, from Taíno *hamaka (compare Arawak hamaka, Wayuu jama’a), from Proto-Arawak *hamaka. Columbus, in the narrative of his first voyage, says: “A great many Indians in canoes came to the ship to-day for the purpose of bartering their cotton, and hamacas, or nets, in which they sleep.”

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhæmək/

Noun

hammock (plural hammocks)

  1. A swinging couch or bed, usually made of netting or canvas about six feet wide, suspended by clews or cords at the ends.
    • 1638 Herbert, Sir Thomas Some years travels into divers parts of Asia and Afrique
      …the poore ſaylers, who…commonly get forthwith into their beds (or hamackoes) reſting their tyred bodies…
  2. (US, archaic outside dialects) A piece of land thickly wooded, and usually covered with bushes and vines.

Derived terms

  • hammock nettings

Translations

Verb

hammock (third-person singular simple present hammocks, present participle hammocking, simple past and past participle hammocked)

  1. (intransitive) To lie in a hammock.
    • {{quote-book|en|1901|Yone Noguchi|title=The American Diary of a Japanese Girl (wiki article)
  2. (transitive, of a cloth) To hang in a way that resembles a hammock.
    • 2013, Mary Jo Putney, Patricia Rice, Susan King, Christmas Roses: Love Blooms in Winter
      “She hammocked their plaids between the table and the bed, then edged her way past Kenneth as she approached the central hearth.”
  3. (transitive) To make something be wrapped tight, like in a hammock.
    • 1960, John D. MacDonald, The Only Girl in the Game
      “She hammocked her breasts into her bra, snapped it, hitched at it, and gave herself a profile glance in the mirror.”

Further reading

  • hammock on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Swedish

Noun

hammock c

  1. hammock

Declension


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /sæk/
  • Rhymes: -æk
  • Homophones: sac, SAC

Etymology 1

From Middle English sak (bag, sackcloth), from Old English sacc (sack, bag) and sæcc (sackcloth, sacking); both from Proto-West Germanic *sakku, from late Proto-Germanic *sakkuz (sack), borrowed from Latin saccus (large bag), from Ancient Greek σάκκος (sákkos, bag of coarse cloth), from Semitic, possibly Phoenician or Hebrew.

Cognate with Dutch zak, German Sack, Swedish säck, Hebrew שַׂק(śaq, sack, sackcloth), Aramaic סַקָּא‎, Classical Syriac ܣܩܐ‎, Ge’ez ሠቅ (śäḳ), Akkadian ???????? (saqqu), Egyptian sꜣgꜣ. Doublet of sac.

Černý and Forbes suggest the word was originally Egyptian, a nominal derivative of sꜣq (to gather or put together) that also yielded Coptic ⲥⲟⲕ (sok, sackcloth) and was borrowed into Greek perhaps by way of a Semitic intermediary. However, Vycichl and Hoch reject this idea, noting that such an originally Egyptian word would be expected to yield Hebrew *סַק rather than שַׂק‎. Instead, they posit that the Coptic and Greek words are both borrowed from Semitic, with the Coptic word perhaps developing via Egyptian sꜣgꜣ.

Noun

sack (plural sacks)

  1. A bag; especially a large bag of strong, coarse material for storage and handling of various commodities, such as potatoes, coal, coffee; or, a bag with handles used at a supermarket, a grocery sack; or, a small bag for small items, a satchel.
  2. The amount a sack holds; also, an archaic or historical measure of varying capacity, depending on commodity type and according to local usage; an old English measure of weight, usually of wool, equal to 13 stone (182 pounds), or in other sources, 26 stone (364 pounds).
    • The American sack of salt is 215 pounds; the sack of wheat, two bushels. — McElrath.
    • 1843, The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Vol. 27, page 202
      Seven pounds make a clove, 2 cloves a stone, 2 stone a tod, 6 1/2 tods a wey, 2 weys a sack, 12 sacks a last. […] It is to be observed here that a sack is 13 tods, and a tod 28 pounds, so that the sack is 364 pounds.
  3. (uncountable) The plunder and pillaging of a captured town or city.
    The sack of Rome.
  4. (uncountable) Loot or booty obtained by pillage.
  5. (American football) A successful tackle of the quarterback behind the line of scrimmage. See verb sense4 below.
  6. (baseball) One of the square bases anchored at first base, second base, or third base.
    He twisted his ankle sliding into the sack at second.
  7. (informal) Dismissal from employment, or discharge from a position, usually as give (someone) the sack or get the sack. See verb sense5 below.
    The boss is gonna give her the sack today.
    He got the sack for being late all the time.
  8. (colloquial, US) Bed (either literally or figuratively); usually as hit the sack or in the sack. See also sack out.
  9. (dated) (also sacque) A kind of loose-fitting gown or dress with sleeves which hangs from the shoulders, such as a gown with a Watteau back or sack-back, fashionable in the late 17th to 18th century; or, formerly, a loose-fitting hip-length jacket, cloak or cape.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, Book IV, chapter vii, Google Books
      Molly, therefore, having dressed herself out in this sack, with a new laced cap, and some other ornaments which Tom had given her, repairs to church with her fan in her hand the very next Sunday.
    • 1780, Frances Burney, Journals & Letters, Penguin 2001, p. 151:
      Her Dress, too, was of the same cast, a thin muslin short sacque and Coat lined throughout with Pink, – a modesty bit – and something of a very short cloak half concealed about half of her old wrinkled Neck […].
    • 1828, JT Smith, Nollekens and His Times, Century Hutchinson 1986, p. 13:
      This lady’s interesting figure, on her wedding-day, was attired in a sacque and petticoat of the most expensive brocaded white silk, resembling net-work, enriched with small flowers [] .
  10. (dated) A sack coat; a kind of coat worn by men, and extending from top to bottom without a cross seam.
  11. (vulgar, slang) The scrotum.
    He got passed the ball, but it hit him in the sack.
Synonyms
  • (bag): bag, tote, poke (obsolete)
  • (booty obtained by pillage): See Thesaurus:booty
  • (informal: dismissal from employment): the axe, pink slip, the boot, the chop, the elbow, one’s cards, the old heave-ho
  • (colloquial: bed): hay, rack
  • (vulgar slang: scrotum): See Thesaurus:scrotum
Hyponyms
  • (bag): bindle
Derived terms
Related terms
Descendants
  • Japanese: サック (sakku)
Translations

Verb

sack (third-person singular simple present sacks, present participle sacking, simple past and past participle sacked)

  1. To put in a sack or sacks.
    Help me sack the groceries.
    • 1903, Jack London, The Call of the Wild, Chapter VII,
      The gold was sacked in moose-hide bags, fifty pounds to the bag []
  2. To bear or carry in a sack upon the back or the shoulders.
  3. To plunder or pillage, especially after capture; to obtain spoils of war from.
    The barbarians sacked Rome.
    • 1898, Homer, translated by Samuel Butler, The Iliad, Book IX,
      It [a lyre] was part of the spoils which he had taken when he sacked the city of Eetion []
  4. (American football) To tackle the quarterback behind the line of scrimmage, especially before he is able to throw a pass.
    • 1995, John Crumpacker and Gwen Knapp, “Sack-happy defensive line stuns Dolphins”, SFGate.com, November 21,
      On third down, the rejuvenated Rickey Jackson stormed in over All-Pro left tackle Richmond Webb to sack Marino yet again for a 2-yard loss.
  5. (informal) To discharge from a job or position; to fire.
    He was sacked last September.
    • 1999, “Russian media mogul dismisses Yeltsin’s bid to sack him”, CNN.com, March 5,
      [] Boris Berezovsky on Friday dismissed President Boris Yeltsin’s move to sack him from his post as executive secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States, []
Synonyms
  • (plunder, pillage): loot, ransack
  • (to remove someone from a job): can, dismiss, fire, lay off, let go, terminate, make redundant, give the axe, give the boot, give (someone) their cards, give the chop, give the elbow, give the old heave-ho, See also: Thesaurus:lay off
  • (slang: to hit in the groin): rack
Derived terms
  • sackable
  • sackage
  • sacker
  • sack out
  • sack up
Translations

Etymology 2

From earlier (wyne) seck from Middle French (vin (wine)) sec (dry), from Latin siccus (dry)

Noun

sack (countable and uncountable, plural sacks)

  1. (dated) A variety of light-colored dry wine from Spain or the Canary Islands; also, any strong white wine from southern Europe; sherry.
    • Will’t please your lordship drink a cup of sack? …I ne’er drank sack in my life…
    • Thou art so fat-witted, with drinking of old sack…let a cup of sack be my poison…Wherein is he good, but to taste sack and drink it?
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 2 scene 2
      How didst thou ‘scape? How cam’st thou hither? swear / by this bottle how thou cam’st hither—I escaped upon / a butt of sack, which the sailors heaved overboard, by / this bottle!
    • The New Sporting Magazine (volume 15, page 23)
      The vesper bell had rung its parting note; the domini were mostly caged in comfortable quarters, discussing the merits of old port; and the merry student had closed his oak, to consecrate the night to friendship, sack, and claret.
Derived terms
  • sack-whey
See also
  • claret, hock, tent

Etymology 3

Noun

sack (plural sacks)

  1. Dated form of sac (pouch in a plant or animal).
    • 1938, The Microscope (volumes 1-2, page 56)
      Sometimes fishes are born that have rudimentary yolk sacks. Such young are born prematurely.

Etymology 4

Verb

sack (third-person singular simple present sacks, present participle sacking, simple past and past participle sacked)

  1. Alternative spelling of sac (sacrifice)

Noun

sack (plural sacks)

  1. Alternative spelling of sac (sacrifice)

See also

  • sack on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Sack in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

References

  • Forbes, Robert Jacobus (1955) Studies in Ancient Technology, vol. IV, p. 66
  • Černý, Jaroslav (1976) Coptic Etymological Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 149
  • Vycichl, Werner (1983) Dictionnaire Étymologique de la Langue Copte, Leuven: Peeters, →ISBN, page 186
  • Hoch, James E. (1994) Semitic Words in Egyptian Texts of the New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period, Princeton: Princeton University Press, →ISBN, page 269

Anagrams

  • ACKs, KCAS, SKCA, acks, cask

Westrobothnian

Etymology

From Old Norse sokkr, from Latin soccus (slipper), from Ancient Greek σύκχος (súkkhos, a kind of shoe), probably from Phrygian or another language from Asia Minor.

Pronunciation

  • (masc.; str.) IPA(key): /ˈsɑkhː/
    Rhymes: -ɒ́kː
  • (masc. def.; str.) IPA(key): /ˈsɑt͡ɕhːen/
  • (masc., fem.; wk.) IPA(key): /²sɑkhː/
    Rhymes: -ɒ̀kː

Noun

sack m or f

  1. Sock.

Derived terms

  • tåsack

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