hamper vs handicap what difference

what is difference between hamper and handicap

English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhæmpɚ/

Etymology 1

From Middle English hamper, contracted from hanaper, hanypere, from Anglo-Norman hanaper, Old French hanapier, hanepier (case for holding a large goblet or cup), from hanap (goblet, drinking cup), from Frankish *hnapp (cup, bowl, basin), from Proto-Germanic *hnappaz (cup, bowl). Cognate with Old High German hnapf (cup, bowl, basin) (German Napf (bowl)), Dutch nap (cup), Old English hnæpp (bowl). More at nap.

Alternative forms

  • hampire (obsolete)

Noun

hamper (plural hampers)

  1. A large basket, usually with a cover, used for the packing and carrying of articles or small animals
  2. (uncommon outside New England) A wicker or plastic basket specifically for holding laundry (from clothes hamper), as opposed to a covered wicker basket which is a true hamper
  3. (Britain) A gift basket.
Translations

Verb

hamper (third-person singular simple present hampers, present participle hampering, simple past and past participle hampered)

  1. (transitive) To put into a hamper.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English hamperen, hampren (to hamper, oppress), probably of the same origin as English hamble (to limp), Scots hamp (to halt in walking, stutter), Dutch haperen (to falter, hesitate), German hemmen (to stop, hinder, check). More at hamble.

Verb

hamper (third-person singular simple present hampers, present participle hampering, simple past and past participle hampered)

  1. (transitive) To put a hamper or fetter on; to shackle
    Synonyms: ensnare, inveigle
  2. To impede in motion or progress.
    Synonyms: hinder, embarrass, encumber
Translations

Noun

hamper (plural hampers)

  1. A shackle; a fetter; anything which impedes.
  2. (nautical) Articles ordinarily indispensable, but in the way at certain times.
    • One afternoon there was a mighty queer noise aloft, which set the men running in every direction. It was the main-t’-gallant-mast. Crash! it broke off just above the cap, and held there by the rigging, dashed with every roll from side to side, with all the hamper that belonged to it.
Derived terms
  • top-hamper (unnecessary spars and rigging kept aloft)
Translations

Anagrams

  • Perham

Indonesian

Etymology

Borrowed from English hamper.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈhampər]
  • Hyphenation: ham‧pêr

Noun

hamper (plural hamper-hamper, first-person possessive hamperku, second-person possessive hampermu, third-person possessive hampernya)

  1. gift.
    Synonyms: paket, parsel

Further reading

  • “hamper” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.


English

Etymology

From hand in cap, in reference to holding the game stakes in a cap.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhændɪkæp/

Noun

handicap (countable and uncountable, plural handicaps)

  1. Something that prevents, hampers, or hinders.
  2. An allowance of a certain amount of time or distance in starting, granted in a race (or other contest of skill) to the competitor possessing disadvantages; or an additional weight or other hindrance imposed upon the one possessing advantages, in order to equalize, as much as possible, the chances of success.
  3. (sometimes considered offensive) The disadvantage itself, in particular physical or mental disadvantages of people.
  4. A race or similar contest in which there is an allowance of time, distance, weight, or other advantage, to equalize the chances of the competitors.
  5. (obsolete, uncountable, card games) An old card game, similar to lanterloo.

Derived terms

  • Benghazi Handicap

Translations

Verb

handicap (third-person singular simple present handicaps, present participle handicapping, simple past and past participle handicapped)

  1. (transitive) To encumber with a handicap in any contest.
  2. (transitive, figuratively, by extension) To place at disadvantage.
  3. To estimate betting odds.

Translations


Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English handicap.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦɛn.diˌkɛp/

Noun

handicap m (plural handicaps, diminutive handicapje n)

  1. disability
  2. handicap, disadvantage
  3. (sports, golf) handicap, measure of ability

Finnish

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from English handicap.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhændikæp/, [ˈhændikæp]

Noun

handicap

  1. (anglicism) handicap (allowance)

Declension

Synonyms

  • tasoitus

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English handicap.

Pronunciation

  • (aspirated h) IPA(key): /ɑ̃.di.kap/

Noun

handicap m (plural handicaps)

  1. handicap
  2. disability

Derived terms

  • handicapé

Further reading

  • “handicap” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English handicap.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈan.di.kap/, /ˈɛn.di.kap/

Noun

handicap m (invariable)

  1. handicap (disability; horserace)

References


Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English handicap.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: han‧di‧cap

Noun

handicap m (uncountable)

  1. handicap, disadvantage
  2. advantage

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English handicap.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /andiˈkap/, [ãn̪.d̪iˈkap]

Noun

handicap m (plural handicaps)

  1. handicap

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