hand vs pass what difference

what is difference between hand and pass

English

Etymology

From Middle English hond, hand, from Old English hand (hand, side (in defining position), power, control, possession, charge, agency, person regarded as holder or receiver of something), from Proto-West Germanic *handu (hand), from Proto-Germanic *handuz (hand) (compare Dutch, Norwegian Nynorsk, Swedish hand, German Hand, West Frisian hân), of uncertain origin. Perhaps compare Old Swedish hinna (to gain), Gothic ????????????-???????????????????????? (fra-hinþan, to take captive, capture); and Latvian sīts (hunting spear), Ancient Greek κεντέω (kentéō, prick), Albanian çandër (pitchfork, prop).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hănd, IPA(key): /hænd/
  • Rhymes: -ænd

Noun

hand (plural hands)

  1. The part of the forelimb below the forearm or wrist in a human, and the corresponding part in many other animals.
    Meronyms: index finger, middle finger, palm, pinky, ring finger, thumb
    • Using her hands like windshield wipers, she tried to flick snow away from her mouth. When she clawed at her chest and neck, the crumbs maddeningly slid back onto her face. She grew claustrophobic.
  2. That which resembles, or to some extent performs the office of, a human hand.
    1. A limb of certain animals, such as the foot of a hawk, or any one of the four extremities of a monkey.
    2. An index or pointer on a dial; such as the hour and minute hands on the face of an analog clock, which are used to indicate the time of day.
  3. That which is, or may be, held in a hand at once.
    1. (card games) The set of cards held by a player.
      1. A round of a card game.
    2. (tobacco manufacturing) A bundle of tobacco leaves tied together.
    3. (collective) A bunch of bananas.
  4. That which has the appearance of, a human hand.
    1. A bunch of bananas, a typical retail amount, where individual fruits are fingers.
  5. In linear measurement:
    1. (chiefly in measuring the height of horses) Four inches, a hand’s breadth.
    2. (obsolete) Three inches.
  6. A side; part, camp; direction, either right or left.
    • 1950, Bertrand Russell, acceptance speech for Nobel Prize in Literature
      I maintain, however, on the one hand, that there are few occasions upon which large bodies of men, such as politics is concerned with, can rise above selfishness, while, on the other hand, there are a very great many circumstances in which populations will fall below selfishness, if selfishness is interpreted as enlightened self-interest.
  7. Power of performance; means of execution; ability; skill; dexterity.
  8. (especially in compounds) An agent; a servant, or manual laborer; a workman, trained or competent for special service or duty.
  9. A performer more or less skilful.
    • 1903, George Horace Lorimer, Letters from a Self-Made Merchant to his Son (page 46)
      At the church sociables he used to hop around among them, chipping and chirping like a dicky-bird picking up seed; and he was a great hand to play the piano, and sing saddish, sweetish songs to them.
  10. An instance of helping.
  11. Handwriting; style of penmanship.
  12. A person’s autograph or signature.
  13. Personal possession; ownership.
    • Receiving in hand one year’s tribute.
  14. (usually in the plural, hands) Management, domain, control.
  15. Applause.
    • 2013, Tom Shone, Oscar nominations pull a surprise by showing some taste – but will it last? (in The Guardian, 11 January 2013)[4]
      Also a big hand for Silver Linings Playbook, an exuberant modern screwball comedy we had, in an unseemly fit of cynicism, deemed “too entertaining” for Academy voters.
  16. (historical) A Native American gambling game, involving guessing the whereabouts of bits of ivory or similar, which are passed rapidly from hand to hand.
  17. (firearms) The small part of a gunstock near the lock, which is grasped by the hand in taking aim.
  18. A whole rhizome of ginger.
  19. The feel of a fabric; the impression or quality of the fabric as judged qualitatively by the sense of touch.
  20. (archaic) Actual performance; deed; act; workmanship; agency; hence, manner of performance.
  21. (archaic) Agency in transmission from one person to another.
  22. (obsolete) Rate; price.

Usage notes

Hand is used figuratively for a large variety of acts or things, in the doing, or making, or use of which the hand is in some way employed or concerned; also, as a symbol to denote various qualities or conditions, as,

(a) Activity; operation; work; — in distinction from the head, which implies thought, and the heart, which implies affection.

His hand will be against every man. — Genesis 16:12
(b) Power; might; supremacy; — often in the Scriptures.

With a mighty hand . . . will I rule over you. — Ezekiel 20:33.
(c) Fraternal feeling; for example to give, or take, the hand; to give the right hand
(d) Contract; — commonly of marriage; for example to ask the hand; to pledge the hand

Synonyms

  • (part of the arm below the wrist): manus (formal), mound (obsolete), mund (obsolete), paw (of some animals)

Derived terms

Coordinate terms

Related terms

  • handle

Translations

See hand/translations § Noun.

See also

Appendix:English collective nouns

Verb

hand (third-person singular simple present hands, present participle handing, simple past and past participle handed)

  1. (transitive) To give, pass or transmit with the hand, literally or figuratively.
  2. (transitive) To lead, guide, or assist with the hand; to conduct.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To manage.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To seize; to lay hands on.
  5. (transitive, rare) To pledge by the hand; to handfast.
  6. (transitive, nautical, said of a sail) To furl.
    • 1814, John Hamilton Moore, “Examination of a Young Sea Officer” in The new practical navigator nineteenth edition
      send the people up to hand the sail, and when up, before they goon the yard, I’ll clap the rolling tackle on to steady it
  7. (intransitive, obsolete) To cooperate.

Derived terms

Translations

References

  • hand in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • Dahn, Danh, H-DNA, NADH, dahn, hDNA

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch hand, from Middle Dutch hant, from Old Dutch hant, from Proto-West Germanic *handu, from Proto-Germanic *handuz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦant/

Noun

hand (plural hande, diminutive handjie)

  1. A hand.

Derived terms

  • handskoen

Danish

Pronoun

hand

  1. Obsolete spelling of han (he)

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch hant, from Old Dutch hant, from Proto-West Germanic *handu, from Proto-Germanic *handuz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦɑnt/
  • Hyphenation: hand
  • Rhymes: -ɑnt

Noun

hand f (plural handen, diminutive handje n)

  1. A hand of a human, other simian or other animal with fingers.

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: hand
  • Jersey Dutch: hānd
  • Negerhollands: hand, han, hant
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: hant

French

Etymology

Clipping of handball. Compare foot from football.

Pronunciation

  • (aspirated h) IPA(key): /ɑ̃d/

Noun

hand m (uncountable)

  1. The sport handball.

Synonyms

  • handball

Middle English

Etymology

From Old English hand

Noun

hand (plural hands)

  1. Alternative form of hond (hand)

Descendants

  • English: hand

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

  • hånd

Etymology

From Old Norse hǫnd, from Proto-Germanic *handuz

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /han/, [hɑn]
  • Homophones: han, hann
  • Rhymes: -ɑn

Noun

hand f or m (definite singular handa or handen, indefinite plural hender, definite plural hendene)

  1. (anatomy) A hand.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • hanske (glove)

References

“hand” in The Bokmål Dictionary.


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse hǫnd, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Akin to English hand.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɑnd/, /hɑnː/ (examples of pronunciation)
  • Homophones: han, hann (in some dialects)
  • Rhymes: -ɑn

Noun

hand f (definite singular handa, indefinite plural hender, definite plural hendene)

  1. (anatomy) A hand.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • hanske (glove)

References

  • “hand” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Alternative forms

  • hond

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *handu, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Compare Old Frisian and Old Saxon hand, Old High German hant, Old Norse hǫnd.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xɑnd/, [hɑnd]

Noun

hand f (nominative plural handa)

  1. A hand.

Declension

Derived terms

  • handbōc
  • handġewrit

Descendants

  • Middle English: hond, hand
    • English: hand
    • Scots: hand, haund
    • Yola: hoane

Old Frisian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhand/

Noun

hand f

  1. Alternative form of hond

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *handu, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Compare Old Frisian and Old English hand, Old High German hant, Old Norse hǫnd.

Noun

hand f

  1. A hand.

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German: hant
    • German Low German: Hand
      Westphalian:

      Westmünsterländisch: Hand
      Lippisch: Hand
      Ravensbergisch: Hand
    • Plautdietsch: Haunt

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse hǫnd, from Proto-Germanic *handuz.

Noun

hand f

  1. A hand
  2. A direction
  3. A behalf
  4. A sort, kind.

Declension

Descendants

  • Swedish: hand

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish hand, from Old Norse hǫnd, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Cognate with Danish hånd, Norwegian hand, English hand and German Hand.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hand/

Noun

hand c

  1. (anatomy) A hand.
  2. (card games) A hand; the set of cards held by a player.

Declension

Related terms

References

  • hand in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɑːs/
    • (Received Pronunciation, General South African) IPA(key): [pʰɑːs]
    • (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): [pʰäːs], [pʰɐːs]
    • (Boston) IPA(key): [pʰaːs]
  • IPA(key): /pæs/
    • (General American, Canada) IPA(key): [pʰæs], [pʰɛəs], [pʰeəs]
    • (Ireland, Northern England) IPA(key): [pʰas], [pʰæs]
    • (Scotland) IPA(key): [pʰäs]
    • (NYC) IPA(key): [pʰeə̯s]
  • Rhymes: -æs, -ɑːs
  • Hyphenation: pass

Etymology 1

From Middle English passen, from Old French passer (to step, walk, pass), from *Vulgar Latin passāre (step, walk, pass), from Latin passus (a step), pandere (to spread, unfold, stretch), from Proto-Indo-European *pth₂noh₂, from Proto-Indo-European *peth₂- (to spread, stretch out). Cognate with Old English fæþm (armful, fathom). More at fathom.

Alternative forms

  • passe (obsolete)

Verb

pass (third-person singular simple present passes, present participle passing, simple past and past participle passed)

  1. To change place.
    1. (intransitive) To move or be moved from one place to another.
      Synonyms: go, move
    2. (transitive) To go past, by, over, or through; to proceed from one side to the other of; to move past.
      Synonyms: overtake, pass by, pass over
    3. (ditransitive) To cause to move or go; to send; to transfer from one person, place, or condition to another.
      Synonyms: deliver, give, hand, make over, send, transfer, transmit
      • I had only time to pass my eye over the medals.
    4. (intransitive, transitive, medicine) To eliminate (something) from the body by natural processes.
      Synonyms: evacuate, void
    5. (transitive, nautical) To take a turn with (a line, gasket, etc.), as around a sail in furling, and make secure.
    6. (sports) to make a movement
      1. (transitive, soccer) To kick (the ball) with precision rather than at full force.
        • 20 June 2010, The Guardian, Rob Smyth
          Iaquinta passes it coolly into the right-hand corner as Paston dives the other way.
      2. (transitive) To move (the ball or puck) to a teammate.
      3. (intransitive, fencing) To make a lunge or swipe.
        Synonym: thrust
      4. (intransitive, American football) To throw the ball, generally downfield, towards a teammate.
    7. (intransitive) To go from one person to another.
    8. (transitive) To put in circulation; to give currency to.
      Synonyms: circulate, pass around
    9. (transitive) To cause to obtain entrance, admission, or conveyance.
      Synonyms: admit, let in, let past
    10. (transitive, cooking) To put through a sieve.
  2. To change in state or status
    1. (intransitive) To progress from one state to another; to advance.
    2. (intransitive) To depart, to cease, to come to an end.
      • Beauty’s a charm, but soon the charm will pass.
      • 1995, Penny Richards, The Greatest Gift of All:
        The crisis passed as she’d prayed it would, but it remained to be seen just how much damage had been done.
    3. (intransitive) To die.
      Synonyms: pass away, pass on, pass over; see also Thesaurus:die
    4. (intransitive, transitive) To achieve a successful outcome from.
    5. (intransitive, transitive) To advance through all the steps or stages necessary to become valid or effective; to obtain the formal sanction of (a legislative body).
      Synonyms: be accepted by, be passed by
    6. (intransitive, law) To be conveyed or transferred by will, deed, or other instrument of conveyance.
    7. (transitive) To cause to advance by stages of progress; to carry on with success through an ordeal, examination, or action; specifically, to give legal or official sanction to; to ratify; to enact; to approve as valid and just.
      Synonyms: approve, enact, ratify
    8. (intransitive, law) To make a judgment on or upon a person or case.
      • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur, Book X:
        And within three dayes twelve knyghtes passed uppon hem; and they founde Sir Palomydes gylty, and Sir Saphir nat gylty, of the lordis deth.
    9. (transitive) To utter; to pronounce; to pledge.
      Synonyms: pronounce, say, speak, utter
      • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
        Father, thy word is passed.
    10. (intransitive) To change from one state to another (without the implication of progression).
  3. To move through time.
    1. (intransitive, of time) To elapse, to be spent.
      Synonyms: elapse, go by; see also Thesaurus:elapse
    2. (transitive, of time) To spend.
      • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
        To pass commodiously this life.
    3. (transitive) To go by without noticing; to omit attention to; to take no note of; to disregard.
      Synonyms: disregard, ignore, take no notice of; see also Thesaurus:ignore
      • I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array.
    4. (intransitive) To continue.
      Synonyms: continue, go on
    5. (intransitive) To proceed without hindrance or opposition.
    6. (transitive) To live through; to have experience of; to undergo; to suffer.
      Synonyms: bear, endure, suffer, tolerate, undergo; see also Thesaurus:tolerate
    7. (intransitive) To happen.
      Synonyms: happen, occur; see also Thesaurus:happen
      • 1876, The Dilemma, Chapter LIII, republished in Littell’s Living Age, series 5, volume 14, page 274:
        [] for the memory of what passed while at that place is almost blank.
  4. To be accepted.
    1. (intransitive) To be tolerated as a substitute for something else, to “do”.
    2. (sociology) To be accepted by others as a member of a race, sex or other group to which they would not otherwise regard one as belonging (or belonging fully, without qualifier); especially to live and be known as white although one has black ancestry, or to live and be known as female although one was assigned male or vice versa.
  5. To refrain from doing something.
    1. (intransitive) To decline something that is offered or available.
      Coordinate terms: pass on, pass up
    2. (intransitive) To decline or not attempt to answer a question.
    3. (intransitive) In turn-based games, to decline to play in one’s turn.
    4. (intransitive, card games) In euchre, to decline to make the trump.
  6. To do or be better.
    1. (intransitive, obsolete) To go beyond bounds; to surpass; to be in excess.
      Synonyms: exceed, surpass
    2. (transitive) To transcend; to surpass; to excel; to exceed.
      Synonyms: better, exceed, excel, outdo, surpass, transcend; see also Thesaurus:exceed
  7. (intransitive, obsolete) To take heed.
    Synonyms: take heed, take notice; see also Thesaurus:pay attention
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English pas, pase, pace, from passen (to pass).

Noun

pass (plural passes)

  1. An opening, road, or track, available for passing; especially, one through or over some dangerous or otherwise impracticable barrier such as a mountain range; a passageway; a defile; a ford.
    Synonyms: gap, notch
  2. A channel connecting a river or body of water to the sea, for example at the mouth (delta) of a river.
  3. A single movement, especially of a hand, at, over, or along anything.
    • 1921, John Griffin, “Trailing the Grizzly in Oregon”, in Forest and Stream, pages 389-391 and 421-424, republished by Jeanette Prodgers in 1997 in The Only Good Bear is a Dead Bear, page 35:
      [The bear] made a pass at the dog, but he swung out and above him []
  4. A single passage of a tool over something, or of something over a tool.
    Synonym: transit
  5. An attempt.
  6. Success in an examination or similar test.
  7. (fencing) A thrust or push; an attempt to stab or strike an adversary.
    Synonym: thrust
  8. (figuratively) A thrust; a sally of wit.
  9. A sexual advance.
  10. (sports) The act of moving the ball or puck from one player to another.
  11. (rail transport) A passing of two trains in the same direction on a single track, when one is put into a siding to let the other overtake it.
    Antonym: meet
  12. Permission or license to pass, or to go and come.
    • 1826, James Kent, Commentaries on American Law
      A ship sailing under the flag and pass of an enemy.
    Synonyms: access, admission, entry
  13. A document granting permission to pass or to go and come; a passport; a ticket permitting free transit or admission
  14. (baseball) An intentional walk.
  15. (sports) The act of overtaking; an overtaking manoeuvre.
  16. The state of things; condition; predicament; impasse.
    • Matters have been brought to this pass, that, if one among a man’s sons had any blemish, he laid him aside for the ministry…
    Synonyms: condition, predicament, state
  17. (obsolete) Estimation; character.
  18. (obsolete, Chaucer) A part, a division. Compare passus.
  19. (cooking) The area in a restaurant kitchen where the finished dishes are passed from the chefs to the waiting staff.
  20. An act of declining to play one’s turn in a game, often by saying the word “pass”.
  21. (computing) A run through a document as part of a translation, compilation or reformatting process.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

Short for password.

Noun

pass (plural passes)

  1. (computing, slang) A password (especially one for a restricted-access website).
    • 1999, “Jonny Durango”, IMPORTANT NEWS FOR AHM IRC CHAN!!! (on newsgroup alt.hackers.malicious)
      If you don’t have your password set within a week I’ll remove you from the userlist and I’ll add you again next time I see you in the chan and make sure you set a pass.
Translations

Further reading

  • pass in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • pass in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • pass at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • APSS, ASPs, PSAS, PSAs, SAPs, asps, saps, spas

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [pʰasː]

Noun

pass n (genitive singular pass, plural pass)

  1. passport

Declension


German

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -as

Verb

pass

  1. singular imperative of passen

Lombard

Etymology

From Latin passus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [pas]

Noun

pass ?

  1. step
  2. mountain pass

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

pass n (definite singular passet, indefinite plural pass, definite plural passa or passene)

  1. a passport (travel document)
  2. a pass (fjellpass – mountain pass)

Derived terms

  • barnepass (from the verb passe)
  • fjellpass
  • passbilde
  • passfoto

Verb

pass

  1. imperative of passe

References

  • “pass” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

pass n (definite singular passet, indefinite plural pass, definite plural passa)

  1. a passport (travel document)
  2. a pass, mountain pass

Derived terms

  • barnepass (from the verb passe)
  • fjellpass
  • passbilde, passbilete
  • passfoto

References

  • “pass” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From German, originally from Italian passo

Noun

pass n

  1. passport (document granting permission to pass)
  2. place which you (must) pass or is passing; mountain pass
  3. pace; a kind of gait
  4. place where a hunter hunts; place where a policeman patrols
  5. spell (a period of duty); shift
  6. leave notice (document granting permission to leave) (from prison)
Declension
Synonyms
  • genomfart, överfart, passage
  • leave notice: permissionssedel, permissionspass
Derived terms
  • passa
  • passlig
  • till pass

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

pass c

  1. (ball sports) pass; a transfer of the ball from one player to another in the same team
Declension
Synonyms
  • passning
Derived terms

Anagrams

  • asps

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