hangover vs holdover what difference

what is difference between hangover and holdover

English

Alternative forms

  • hang-over

Etymology

American English; hang +‎ over. First sense was first attested in 1904. Second sense was first attested in 1894.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhæŋoʊvɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhæŋəʊvə/

Noun

hangover (plural hangovers)

  1. Negative effects, such as headache or nausea, caused by previous drunkenness due to (excessive) consumption of alcohol.
    Synonym: veisalgia
    Antonym: afterglow
  2. Similar negative effects caused by previous excessive consumption of another substance, such as a drug, coffee, sugar, etc.
    • 2007, Suzanne Barnett, Jennifer Barnett Lesman, Amy Barnett Buchanan, Bev West, 3 Fat Chicks on a Diet, St. Martin’s Press (→ISBN)
      Don’t go overboard and find yourself with a sugar hangover that lasts for days and makes your diet days that much harder.
    • 2007, Elizabeth Wurtzel, More, Now, Again, Simon and Schuster (→ISBN), page 4:
      So today I walk into Dr. Singer’s office with a heroin hangover, a headache like hell, vomiting, shaking, jonesing. I cannot bear to admit to her that it’s come to this. I’ve been doing so well. But I missed therapy the whole time I was locked up []
    • 2011, Laurie Weeks, Zipper Mouth, The Feminist Press at CUNY (→ISBN):
      On the other hand, I was already drunk, and wasn’t a heroin hangover preferable to the alcohol kind any day of the week?
    • 2015, Alexandra Jamieson, Women, Food, and Desire, Simon and Schuster (→ISBN), page 7:
      We’re left with our unmet needs and a sugar high that will quickly turn into a sugar hangover. So the craving rises again, calling out to us “Feed me!” and again we take the easy route and stuff it back down with food.
    • 2018, Pat Fitzpatrick, No Sex, No Sleep, Mercier Press Ltd (→ISBN)
      You know nothing about despair until you have experienced a coffee hangover. This is where you lose the run of yourself and have two double espressos in a row. Ten minutes later you have a weird feeling you are going to puke out through your toes.
  3. (figuratively) An unpleasant relic left from prior events.
  4. (historical) A sleeping arrangement, usually in homeless shelters, over a rope.

Derived terms

  • hangxiety

Translations

See also

  • hung over

Anagrams

  • overhang


English

Etymology

From the verb phrase hold over.

Pronunciation

Noun

holdover (plural holdovers)

  1. Something left behind, saved or remaining from an earlier time.
    That policy is a holdover from days of punch card data entry.
    • 1991, Stephen King, Needful Things
      Castle Rock Middle School was a frowning pile of red brick standing between the Post Office and the Library, a holdover from the time when the town elders didn’t feel entirely comfortable with a school unless it looked like a reformatory.
  2. (firearms) The distance (at target) by which a rifle scope is aimed higher than the intended point of impact in order to compensate for bullet drop over the distance to the target.
    This rangefinder not only measures the distance to the target, but also provides a digital readout of the inches of holdover at that distance.

Anagrams

  • overhold

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