harakiri vs seppuku what difference

what is difference between harakiri and seppuku

English

Noun

harakiri (uncountable)

  1. Alternative spelling of hara-kiri

Anagrams

  • hari-kari, harikari

Danish

Etymology

Borrowed from Japanese 腹切.

Noun

harakiri

  1. hara-kiri
    • 1891, Niels Juel-Hansen, Japanesere: fortaelling for ungdommen
      Enhver fornem Japaneser vokser op med Dødstanken, med Tanken om Harakirien, for at han, om Skæbnen vil det, kan dø roligt, værdigt, dø som en Mand.

      Any high-class Japanese grows up with the thought of death, with the thought of harakiri, that he, if fate wills it, may die calmly, dignifiedly, die as a man.
    • 1985, Per Højholt, Kvababbelser
      Og jeg taler videre / nu i munden på en mund i min / min paniks suveræne Mills Brothers / helt hinsides mening og orden, hængende i / harakiriens / pedantiske syntaks, …

Declension

Synonyms

  • seppuku

Dutch

Alternative forms

  • hara-kiri (archaic)

Etymology

Borrowed from Japanese 腹切.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌɦaː.raːˈki.ri/
  • Hyphenation: ha‧ra‧ki‧ri

Noun

harakiri m (plural harakiri’s)

  1. hara-kiri [from mid 19th c.]
    Synonym: seppuku

Finnish

Etymology

From Japanese 腹切り.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑrɑkiri/, [ˈhɑrɑˌkiri]
  • Rhymes: -iri
  • Syllabification: ha‧ra‧ki‧ri

Noun

harakiri

  1. hara-kiri, seppuku

Declension


Indonesian

Etymology

From Japanese 腹切(はらき) (harakiri), ultimately from (hara, belly) + 切る (kiru, to cut).

Noun

harakiri (first-person possessive harakiriku, second-person possessive harakirimu, third-person possessive harakirinya)

  1. hara-kiri: ceremonial suicide by disembowelment, as by slicing open the abdomen with a dagger or knife: formerly practised in Japan by the Samurai when disgraced or sentenced to death.

See also

  • bushido
  • kamikaze

Japanese

Romanization

harakiri

  1. Rōmaji transcription of はらきり

Polish

Etymology

From Japanese 腹切り.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xa.raˈkʲi.rʲi/

Noun

harakiri n

  1. hara-kiri

Declension

Indeclinable.

Further reading

  • harakiri in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Noun

harakiri m (plural harakiris)

  1. Alternative spelling of haraquiri

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:harakiri.


Spanish

Noun

harakiri m (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of haraquiri

Swedish

Etymology

From Japanese 腹切り.

Noun

harakiri c or n

  1. hara-kiri

Tagalog

Etymology

Borrowed from Japanese 腹切.

Noun

harakiri

  1. hara-kiri


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Japanese 切腹 (seppuku), from Middle Chinese (t͡set, to cut) +‎ (pjuwk, belly). Compare Cantonese 切腹 (tsit-fuk) and Mandarin 切腹 (qiēfù).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /sɛˈpuːkuː/
  • (General American) enPR: sĕpʹo͞o-ko͞o(‘), sĕpʹə-, sĕ-po͞oʹ-, sə-po͞oʹ-, IPA(key): /ˈsɛpu(ˌ)ku/, /ˈsɛpə-/, /sɛˈpu-/, /səˈpu-/
  • Hyphenation: sep‧pu‧ku

Noun

seppuku (countable and uncountable, plural seppukus or seppuku)

  1. A form of ritual suicide by disembowelment using a blade, practiced by Japanese samurai, especially to rid oneself of shame, as a means of protest or, formerly, as a method of capital punishment.

Usage notes

  • As with suicide, the usual verb used with seppuku is commit.

Synonyms

  • hara-kiri

Translations

See also

  • bushido
  • hara-kiri
  • kamikaze
  • suicide

Anagrams

  • pukes up

Danish

Etymology

Borrowed from Japanese 切腹.

Noun

seppuku

  1. seppuku
    • 1997, Erik Østerud, Den Optiske Fordring: Pejlinger I Den Visuelle Kultur Omkring Henrik Ibsens Forfatterskab
      På grund af dette lovbrud beordrer shogunen Hangan til at begå seppuku.

      Because of this crime, the shogun commands Hangan to commit seppuku.
    • 1967, K. Holst Andersen, Mit hus i Japan
      … det blev ham tilladt at begå seppuku, eller harakiri, selvmord ved at stikke en kniv i underlivet.

      … he was allowed to commit seppuku, or harakiri, suicide by stabbing a knife into the part of the body consisting of the hip and the scrotum.

Declension

No declined forms attested.

Synonyms

  • harakiri

Dutch

Alternative forms

  • seppoekoe (rare)

Etymology

Borrowing from Japanese 切腹.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɛˈpu.ku/
  • Hyphenation: sep‧pu‧ku
  • Rhymes: -uku

Noun

seppuku m (uncountable)

  1. seppuku
    Synonym: harakiri

Japanese

Romanization

seppuku

  1. Rōmaji transcription of せっぷく

Polish

Etymology

From Japanese 切腹 (せっぷく (seppuku)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɛpˈpu.ku/

Noun

seppuku n

  1. seppuku

Declension

Indeclinable.

Further reading

  • seppuku in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Noun

seppuku m (plural seppukus)

  1. seppuku (ritual Japanese suicide by disembowelment)

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