hard vs heavy what difference

what is difference between hard and heavy

English

Etymology

From Middle English hard, from Old English heard, from Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī), from Proto-Germanic *harduz, from Proto-Indo-European *kort-ús, from *kret- (strong, powerful). Cognate with German hart, Swedish hård, Ancient Greek κρατύς (kratús), Sanskrit क्रतु (krátu), Avestan ????????????????????(xratu).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: häd, IPA(key): /hɑːd/
  • (General American) enPR: härd, IPA(key): /hɑɹd/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)d

Adjective

hard (comparative harder, superlative hardest)

  1. (of material or fluid) Having a severe property; presenting difficulty.
    1. Resistant to pressure.
    2. (of drink or drugs) Strong.
    3. (of a normally nonalcoholic drink) Containing alcohol.
      hard cider, hard lemonade, hard seltzer, hard soda
    4. (of water) High in dissolved chemical salts, especially those of calcium.
    5. (physics, of a ferromagnetic material) Having the capability of being a permanent magnet by being a material with high magnetic coercivity (compare soft).
    6. (photography, of light) Made up of parallel rays, producing clearly defined shadows.
  2. (personal or social) Having a severe property; presenting difficulty.
    1. Difficult or requiring a lot of effort to do, understand, experience, or deal with.
      • 1988, An Oracle, Edmund White
        Ray found it hard to imagine having accumulated so many mannerisms before the dawn of sex, of the sexual need to please, of the staginess sex encourages or the tightly capped wells of poisoned sexual desire the disappointed must stand guard over.
    2. Demanding a lot of effort to endure.
    3. Severe, harsh, unfriendly, brutal.
      The senator asked the party chief to put the hard word on his potential rivals.
      • 1730, Henry Fielding, Rape upon Rape, Act 4, Scene 7:
        Leave off fornicating; leave the girls to the boys, and stand to thy bottle; it is a virtue becoming our years; and don’t be too hard on a wild honest young rake.
    4. (dated) Difficult to resist or control; powerful.
    5. (military) Hardened; having unusually strong defences.
      a hard site
  3. Unquestionable, unequivocal.
  4. (of a road intersection) Having a comparatively larger or a ninety-degree angle.
  5. (slang, vulgar, of a male) Sexually aroused; having an erect penis.
  6. (bodybuilding) Having muscles that are tightened as a result of intense, regular exercise.
  7. (phonetics, not comparable)
    1. Plosive.
    2. Unvoiced
    3. Velarized or plain, rather than palatalized
  8. (art) Having a severe property; presenting a barrier to enjoyment.
    1. Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition.
    2. Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in colour or shading.
  9. (not comparable)
    1. In a physical form, not digital.
    2. Using a manual or physical process, not by means of a software command.
  10. (politics) Far, extreme.
    hard right, hard left
  11. Of silk: not having had the natural gum boiled off.

Synonyms

  • (resistant to pressure): resistant, solid, stony, see also Thesaurus:hard
  • (requiring a lot of effort to do or understand): confusing, difficult, puzzling, tough, tricky
  • (requiring a lot of effort to endure): difficult, intolerable, tough, unbearable
  • (severe): harsh, hostile, severe, strict, tough, unfriendly
  • (unquestionable): incontrovertible, indubitable, unambiguous, unequivocal, unquestionable
  • (of drink): strong
  • See also Thesaurus:difficult

Antonyms

  • (resistant to pressure): soft
  • (requiring a lot of effort to do or understand): easy, simple, straightforward, trite
  • (requiring a lot of effort to endure): bearable, easy
  • (severe): agreeable, amiable, approachable, friendly, nice, pleasant
  • (unquestionable): controvertible, doubtful, ambiguous, equivocal, questionable
  • (of drink):
    • (low in alcohol): low-alcohol
    • (non-alcoholic): alcohol-free, soft, non-alcoholic
  • (of roads): soft
  • (sexually aroused): soft, flaccid
  • (phonetics, all senses): soft

Derived terms

  • Pages starting with “hard”.
  • Related terms

    • hardpeer
    • hardy

    Descendants

    • Finnish: haarti

    Translations

    Adverb

    hard (comparative harder, superlative hardest)

    1. (manner) With much force or effort.
      He hit the puck hard up the ice.
      They worked hard all week.
      At the intersection, bear hard left.
      The recession hit them especially hard.
      Think hard about your choices.
      • prayed so hard for mercy from the prince
      • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III, Scene i[3]:
        [] My father / Is hard at study. Pray now, rest yourself;
    2. (manner) With difficulty.
      His degree was hard earned.
    3. (obsolete) So as to raise difficulties.
    4. (manner) Compactly.
      The lake had finally frozen hard.
    5. (now archaic) Near, close.
      • [] whose house joined hard to the synagogue.
      • 1999, George RR Martin, A Clash of Kings, Bantam 2011, page 418:
        It was another long day’s march before they glimpsed the towers of Harrenhal in the distance, hard beside the blue waters of the lake.

    Derived terms

    Translations

    Noun

    hard (countable and uncountable, plural hards)

    1. (countable, nautical) A firm or paved beach or slope convenient for hauling vessels out of the water.
      • 1952, Edward John Barrington Douglas-Scott-Montagu Baron Montagu, Beaulieu, the Abbey, Palace House, and Buckler’s Hard (page 36)
        The Monastery’s ironworks at Sowley were renowned for centuries but declined with the passing of the ‘wooden walls’ at Buckler’s Hard — a great number of these ships having been built with timber from the Beaulieu Woods []
    2. (countable, motorsports) A tyre whose compound is softer than superhards, and harder than mediums.
    3. (uncountable, drugs, slang) Crack cocaine.
    4. (uncountable, slang) Hard labor.
      The prisoners were sentenced to three years’ hard.

    Anagrams

    • Dhar

    Dutch

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ɦɑrt/
    • Hyphenation: hard
    • Rhymes: -ɑrt
    • Homophone: hart

    Etymology 1

    From Middle Dutch hart, from Old Dutch hart, from Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī), from Proto-Germanic *harduz.

    Adjective

    hard (comparative harder, superlative hardst)

    1. hard, strong
      Antonym: zacht
    2. (economics, of a currency) strong, not easily devalued
    3. unquestionable, uncontestable
    4. heartless, unsympathetic (of a person)
      Antonym: zacht
    5. hard, difficult
    6. harsh, heavy
    7. hard, rich in calcium (of water)
      Antonym: zacht
    8. loud (of sound)
      Synonym: luid
      Antonym: zacht
    9. fast
      Antonyms: langzaam, traag
      Synonym: snel
    Inflection
    Derived terms
    • keihard
    • harden
    • hardheid
    • hardlopen
    • hardroeien
    • hardrijden
    Descendants
    • Jersey Dutch: hārd
    • Negerhollands: hart
    • Skepi Creole Dutch: hardt

    Etymology 2

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Adverb

    hard

    1. (speed) fast, swiftly
    2. very
    3. loudly

    Etymology 3

    See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

    Verb

    hard

    1. first-person singular present indicative of harden
    2. imperative of harden

    French

    Etymology

    Borrowed from English hard.

    Pronunciation

    • (aspirated h) IPA(key): /aʁd/

    Adjective

    hard (plural hards)

    1. (of pornography) hardcore

    Noun

    hard m (plural hards)

    1. hardcore pornography
    2. hard rock
      • 2004, Thomas Mansier, Identité du rock et presse spécialisée. Évolution d’une culture et de son discours critique dans les magazines français des années 90, page 98.
      • 2014, Christian Eudeline, “Uriah Heep. Look At Yourself”, in Du hard rock au métal. Les 100 albums cultes, Gründ (publ.).

    Irish

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): [haːɾˠd̪ˠ]

    Adjective

    hard

    1. h-prothesized form of ard

    Norwegian Bokmål

    Etymology

    From Old Norse harðr, from Proto-Germanic *harduz.

    Adjective

    hard (neuter singular hardt, definite singular and plural harde, comparative hardere, indefinite superlative hardest, definite superlative hardeste)

    1. hard (not soft)
    2. hard, stern, severe
    3. hardy

    Derived terms

    • beinhard
    • hardhet
    • hardkokt
    • hardtslående

    Related terms

    • forherde
    • herde

    References

    • “hard” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

    Norwegian Nynorsk

    Etymology

    From Old Norse harðr, from Proto-Germanic *harduz.

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /hɑːr/, /hɑːɽ/ (example of pronunciation)
    • Homophone: har

    Adjective

    hard (masculine and feminine hard, neuter hardt, definite singular and plural harde, comparative hardare, indefinite superlative hardast, definite superlative hardaste)

    1. hard
    2. hard, stern, severe
    3. hardy

    Derived terms

    • beinhard
    • hardkokt

    References

    • “hard” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

    Old Saxon

    Etymology

    From Proto-West Germanic *hard(ī).

    Adjective

    hard (comparative hardiro, superlative hardist)

    1. hard

    Declension




    Derived terms

    • hardī

    Descendants

    • Low German: hard, hart (inflected hart-)

    Spanish

    Etymology

    From English hard.

    Adjective

    hard (invariable)

    1. hard, heavy, hardcore


    English

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English hevy, heviȝ, from Old English hefiġ, hefeġ, hæfiġ (heavy; important, grave, severe, serious; oppressive, grievous; slow, dull), from Proto-West Germanic *habīg (heavy, hefty, weighty), from Proto-Germanic *habīgaz (heavy, hefty, weighty), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to take, grasp, hold).

    Pronunciation

    • enPR: hevʹi
    • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /ˈhɛ.vi/
    • (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈhe.vi/
    • Rhymes: -ɛvi

    Adjective

    heavy (comparative heavier, superlative heaviest)

    1. (of a physical object) Having great weight.
    2. (of a topic) Serious, somber.
    3. Not easy to bear; burdensome; oppressive.
      • The hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod.
      • 1814, William Wordsworth, The Excursion
        Sent hither by my Husband to impart the heavy news.
    4. (Britain, slang, dated) Good.
    5. (dated, late 1960s, 1970s, US) Profound.
    6. (of a rate of flow) High, great.
      • 1998, Stanley George Clayton, “”Menstruation” in Encyclopedia Britannica
        The ovarian response to gonadotropic hormones may be erratic at first, so that irregular or heavy bleeding sometimes occurs
    7. (slang) Armed.
    8. (music) Louder, more distorted.
    9. (of weather) Hot and humid.
    10. (of a person) Doing the specified activity more intensely than most other people.
    11. (of food) High in fat or protein; difficult to digest.
    12. Of great force, power, or intensity; deep or intense.
      • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter IV
        The surf was not heavy, and there was no undertow, so we made shore easily, effecting an equally easy landing.
    13. Laden to a great extent.
    14. Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened; bowed down, either with an actual burden, or with grief, pain, disappointment, etc.
      • 1613, William Browne, Britannia’s Pastorals
        Seating himselfe within a darkesome cave, / (Such places heavy Saturnists doe crave,) / Where yet the gladsome day was never seene []
    15. Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate, stupid.
      • a heavy, dull, degenerate mind
      • Neither [is] his ear heavy, that it cannot hear.
    16. Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey.
      a heavy road; a heavy soil
    17. Not raised or leavened.
    18. (of wines or spirits) Having much body or strength.
    19. (obsolete) With child; pregnant.
    20. (physics) Containing one or more isotopes that are heavier than the normal one.
    21. (petroleum) Having high viscosity.
    Synonyms
    • sweer/swear
    Antonyms
    • light
    Derived terms

    Pages starting with “heavy”.

    Related terms
    • heave
    • heft
    Translations

    Adverb

    heavy (comparative more heavy, superlative most heavy)

    1. In a heavy manner; weightily; heavily; gravely.
      heavy laden with their sins
    2. (colloquial, nonstandard) To a great degree; greatly.
    3. (India, colloquial) very
    Derived terms
    • hang heavy
    • heavy-laden

    Noun

    heavy (plural heavies or heavys)

    1. A villain or bad guy; the one responsible for evil or aggressive acts.
      With his wrinkled, uneven face, the actor always seemed to play the heavy in films.
    2. (slang) A doorman, bouncer or bodyguard.
      A fight started outside the bar but the heavies came out and stopped it.
    3. (journalism, slang, chiefly in the plural) A newspaper of the quality press.
      • 1973, Allen Hutt, The changing newspaper (page 151)
        The comment may be offered here that the ‘heavies’ have been the Design Award’s principal scorers, both in the overall bronze plaque days and, since, in the Daily/Sunday Class 1.
      • 2006, Richard Keeble, The Newspapers Handbook
        Reviewers in the heavies aim to impress with the depth of their knowledge and appreciation.
    4. (Should we move, merge or split(+) this sense?) (aviation) A large multi-engined aircraft. (The term heavy normally follows the call-sign when used by air traffic controllers.)
    Derived terms
    • brain heavy
    • dog heavy
    Translations

    Verb

    heavy (third-person singular simple present heavies, present participle heavying, simple past and past participle heavied)

    1. (often with “up”) To make heavier. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
    2. To sadden. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
    3. (Australia, New Zealand, informal) To use power or wealth to exert influence on, e.g., governments or corporations; to pressure.
      The union was well known for the methods it used to heavy many businesses.
      • 1985, Australian House of Representatives, House of Representatives Weekly Hansard, Issue 11, Part 1, page 1570,
        [] the Prime Minister sought to evade the simple fact that he heavied Mr Reid to get rid of Dr Armstrong.
      • 2001, Finola Moorhead, Darkness More Visible, Spinifex Press, Australia, page 557,
        But he is on the wrong horse, heavying me. My phone′s tapped. Well, he won′t find anything.
      • 2005, David Clune, Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, 1856-2005, Volume 3: 1901-2005, page 421,
        But the next two days of the Conference also produced some very visible lobbying for the succession and apparent heavying of contenders like Brereton, Anderson and Mulock – much of it caught on television.

    Etymology 2

    heave +‎ -y

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈhiːvi/

    Adjective

    heavy (comparative more heavy, superlative most heavy)

    1. Having the heaves.
      a heavy horse

    See also

    • heavy cake

    References

    • heavy at OneLook Dictionary Search

    Anagrams

    • Havey, Yahve

    German

    Etymology

    From English heavy.

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈhɛvi/

    Adjective

    heavy (not comparable)

    1. (predicative, colloquial, probably slightly dated) heavy; intense; serious; shocking (extraordinary, especially in a bad way)
      Synonyms: heftig, krass, nicht ohne, ein starkes Stück

    Spanish

    Etymology

    From English heavy (metal).

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈxebi/, [ˈxe.β̞i]

    Adjective

    heavy (plural heavys)

    1. heavy (pertaining to heavy metal)
    2. heavy (intense)
    3. (Dominican Republic, informal) cool

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