what is difference between harm and hurt
From Middle English harm, herm, from Old English hearm, from Proto-West Germanic *harm, from Proto-Germanic *harmaz (“harm; shame; pain”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /hɑɹm/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hɑːm/
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)m
harm (countable and uncountable, plural harms)
- physical injury; hurt; damage
- emotional or figurative hurt
- detriment; misfortune.
- That which causes injury, damage, or loss.
- Adjectives often applied to “harm”: bodily, physical, environmental, emotional, financial, serious, irreparable, potential, long-term, short-term, permanent, lasting, material, substantial.
harm (third-person singular simple present harms, present participle harming, simple past and past participle harmed)
- To cause injury to another; to hurt; to cause damage to something.
- Hmar, mahr
- indefinite accusative singular of harmur
- IPA(key): /ˈhaɾˠəmˠ/
- h-prothesized form of arm
- harem, arme, herme
From Old English hearm, from Proto-West Germanic *harm.
harm (plural harms)
- harm, injury, ruination
- English: harm
- Scots: herm, hairm
- Yola: harrm
- “harm, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
From Proto-Germanic *harmaz.
- Middle Low German: harm, herm
From Middle English hurten, hirten, hertan (“to injure, scathe, knock together”), from Old Northern French hurter (“to ram into, strike, collide with”; > Modern French heurter), perhaps from Frankish *hūrt (“a battering ram”), from Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (“to fall, beat”), from Proto-Indo-European *krew- (“to fall, beat, smash, strike, break”); however, the earliest instances of the verb in Middle English are as old as those found in Old French, which leads to the possibility that the Middle English word may instead be a reflex of an unrecorded Old English *hȳrtan, which later merged with the Old French verb. Germanic cognates include Dutch horten (“to push against, strike”), Middle Low German hurten (“to run at, collide with”), Middle High German hurten (“to push, bump, attack, storm, invade”), Old Norse hrútr (“battering ram”).
Alternate etymology traces Old Northern French hurter rather to Old Norse hrútr (“ram (male sheep)”), lengthened-grade variant of hjǫrtr (“stag”), from Proto-Germanic *herutuz, *herutaz (“hart, male deer”), which would relate it to English hart (“male deer”). See hart.
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hû(r)t, IPA(key): /hɜːt/
- (General American) enPR: hûrt, IPA(key): /hɝt/
- Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)t
hurt (third-person singular simple present hurts, present participle hurting, simple past and past participle hurt)
- (transitive, intransitive) To cause (a person or animal) physical pain and/or injury.
- (transitive, intransitive) To cause (somebody) emotional pain.
- He was deeply hurt he hadn’t been invited.
- The insult hurt.
- (intransitive) To be painful.
- (transitive, intransitive) To damage, harm, impair, undermine, impede.
- Copying and pasting identical portions of source code hurts maintainability, because the programmer has to keep all those copies synchronized.
- Every little hurts.
- (to be painful): smart
- (to cause physical pain and/or injury): wound, injure, dere
- wouldn’t hurt a fly
hurt (comparative more hurt, superlative most hurt)
- Wounded, physically injured.
- (wounded): imbrued, injured, wounded; see also Thesaurus:wounded
- (pained): aching, sore, suffering
hurt (plural hurts)
- An emotional or psychological humiliation or bad experience.
- (archaic) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound or bruise.
- 1605, Shakespeare, King Lear vii
- I have received a hurt.
- The cause is a temperate conglutination ; for both bodies are clammy and viscous , and do bridle the deflux of humours to the hurts , without penning them in too much
- The pains of sickness and hurts […] all men feel.
- 1605, Shakespeare, King Lear vii
- (archaic) injury; damage; detriment; harm
- (heraldry) A roundel azure (blue circular spot).
- (engineering) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.
- A husk.
- Ruth, Thur, ruth, thru, thur
- inflection of huren:
- third-person singular present
- second-person plural present
- plural imperative
From Middle High German hurt.
- IPA(key): /xurt/
hurt m inan
- (adjective) hurtowy
- (nouns) hurtownia, hurtownik
- hurt in Polish dictionaries at PWN