harm vs injury what difference

what is difference between harm and injury

English

Etymology

From Middle English harm, herm, from Old English hearm, from Proto-West Germanic *harm, from Proto-Germanic *harmaz (harm; shame; pain).

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /hɑɹm/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hɑːm/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)m

Noun

harm (countable and uncountable, plural harms)

  1. physical injury; hurt; damage
  2. emotional or figurative hurt
  3. detriment; misfortune.
  4. That which causes injury, damage, or loss.

Usage notes

  • Adjectives often applied to “harm”: bodily, physical, environmental, emotional, financial, serious, irreparable, potential, long-term, short-term, permanent, lasting, material, substantial.

Translations

Verb

harm (third-person singular simple present harms, present participle harming, simple past and past participle harmed)

  1. To cause injury to another; to hurt; to cause damage to something.

Translations

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • Hmar, mahr

Icelandic

Noun

harm

  1. indefinite accusative singular of harmur

Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhaɾˠəmˠ/

Noun

harm

  1. h-prothesized form of arm

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • harem, arme, herme

Etymology

From Old English hearm, from Proto-West Germanic *harm.

Noun

harm (plural harms)

  1. harm, injury, ruination

Descendants

  • English: harm
  • Scots: herm, hairm
  • Yola: harrm

References

  • “harm, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *harmaz.

Noun

harm m

  1. harm

Descendants

  • Middle Low German: harm, herm


English

Etymology

From Middle English injurie, from Anglo-Norman injurie, from Latin iniūria (injustice; wrong; offense), from in- (not) + iūs, iūris (right, law). Doublet of injuria.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɪn.dʒə.ɹi/, /ˈɪn.dʒɹi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɪn.dʒə.ɹi/, /ˈɪn.dʒɹi/

Noun

injury (countable and uncountable, plural injuries)

  1. Damage to the body of a human or animal.
    The passenger sustained a severe injury in the car accident.
  2. The violation of a person’s reputation, rights, property, or interests.
    Slander is an injury to the character.
  3. (archaic) Injustice.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:injury

Related terms

  • injure
  • injurious

Translations

See also

  • damage
  • detriment
  • evil
  • harm
  • hurt
  • impairment
  • injustice
  • loss
  • mischief
  • wrong

Verb

injury (third-person singular simple present injuries, present participle injurying, simple past and past participle injuried)

  1. (obsolete) To wrong, to injure.
    • II.12:
      The best of us doth not so much feare to wrong him, as he doth to injurie his neighbour, his kinsman, or his master.

Further reading

  • injury in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • injury in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Ryūjin

Middle English

Noun

injury

  1. Alternative form of injurie

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