harmonium vs organ what difference

what is difference between harmonium and organ

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French harmonium, a term coined by Alexandre Debain.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -əʊniəm

Noun

harmonium (plural harmoniums)

  1. (music) A small keyboard instrument that consists of a series of reed pipes, which sound when one of the keys is pressed to open a valve that allows air to pass through.
    • 1933, George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London, Harcourt Brace Jovanivich, page 181:
      They were a grave and reverend seignior in a frock coat, a lady sitting at a portable harmonium, and a chinless youth toying with a crucifix.

Derived terms

  • harmoniumist

Translations

Usage notes

  • See Wikipedia for differences in usage between US and UK

See also

  • reed organ

Norman

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

harmonium m (plural harmoniums)

  1. (Jersey) harmonium

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

harmonium n (definite singular harmoniet, indefinite plural harmonier, definite plural harmonia or harmoniene)

  1. (music) a harmonium or pump organ
    Synonyms: pumpeorgel, salmesykkel, trøorgel, tråorgel

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

harmonium n (definite singular harmoniet, indefinite plural harmonium, definite plural harmonia)

  1. (music) a harmonium or pump organ
    Synonyms: pumpeorgel, salmesykkel, trøorgel, tråorgel


English

Etymology

From Middle English organe, from Old French organe, from Latin organum, from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon, an instrument, implement, tool, also an organ of sense or apprehension, an organ of the body, also a musical instrument, an organ), from Proto-Indo-European *werǵ-. Doublet of organon, organum, and orgue.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɔɹ.ɡən/
    • Homophone: Oregon (one pronunciation)
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɔː.ɡən/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)ɡən
  • Hyphenation: or‧gan

Noun

organ (plural organs)

  1. A larger part of an organism, composed of tissues that perform similar functions.
  2. (by extension) A body of an organization dedicated to the performing of certain functions.
  3. (music) A musical instrument that has multiple pipes which play when a key is pressed (the pipe organ), or an electronic instrument designed to replicate such.
  4. An official magazine, newsletter, or similar publication of an organization.
  5. Short for organ pipe cactus.
  6. government organization; agency; authority
  7. (slang) The penis.

Hyponyms

See also Thesaurus:organ.

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Korean: 오르간 (oreugan)
  • Maori: ōkana
  • Vietnamese: oóc-gan

Translations

Further reading

  • organ in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • organ in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Verb

organ (third-person singular simple present organs, present participle organing, simple past and past participle organed)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To supply with an organ or organs; to fit with organs.
    • 1681, Thomas Manningham, Two Discourses
      Thou art elemented and organ’d for other apprehensions.

Anagrams

  • Angor, Garon, Goran, Grano, Ongar, Ragon, Rogan, Ronga, angor, argon, groan, nagor, orang, rag on, rango

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch orgaan, from Middle Dutch organe, from Latin organum, from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɔrɡan]
  • Hyphenation: or‧gan

Noun

organ

  1. organ:
    1. (biology) a larger part of an organism, composed of tissues that perform similar functions.
    2. (music) a musical instrument that has multiple pipes which play when a key is pressed (the pipe organ), or an electronic instrument designed to replicate such.
    3. an official magazine, newsletter, or similar publication of an organization.
  2. mouthpiece, a spokesperson or medium aligned with an organisation.

Related terms

Further reading

  • “organ” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Middle English

Noun

organ

  1. Alternative form of organe

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin organum, a borrowing from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon),

Noun

organ n (definite singular organet, indefinite plural organ or organer, definite plural organa or organene)

  1. (anatomy, biology) an organ
  2. an organ (publication which represents an organisation)
  3. a body (e.g. an advisory body)

Derived terms

  • kjønnsorgan

See also

  • orgel (musical instrument)

References

  • “organ” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon), via Latin organum

Noun

organ n (definite singular organet, indefinite plural organ, definite plural organa)

  1. (anatomy, biology) an organ
  2. an organ (publication which represents an organisation)
  3. a body (e.g. an advisory body)

Derived terms

  • kjønnsorgan

See also

  • orgel (musical instrument)

References

  • “organ” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish

Etymology

From Latin organum, from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɔr.ɡan/

Noun

organ m inan

  1. organ, part of an organism
  2. (by extension) unit of government dedicated to a specific function
  3. (politics) organ, official publication of a political organization

Declension


Romanian

Etymology

From Byzantine Greek ὄργανος (órganos), from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (órganon), partly through the intermediate of Slavic *orъganъ. Some senses also based on French orgue (cf. orgă), Italian organum, Italian organo.

Noun

organ n (plural organe)

  1. organ (part of organism)
  2. (archaic) organ (musical instrument)

Declension

Synonyms

  • (musical instrument): orgă

See also

  • mădular

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ǒrɡaːn/
  • Hyphenation: or‧gan

Noun

òrgān m (Cyrillic spelling о̀рга̄н)

  1. organ (part of an organism)

Declension


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

organ n

  1. (anatomy) an organ (a part of the body)
  2. (dated) a voice (of a singer or actor)
    Hon förenade med ett utmärkt teateryttre en hög grad af intelligens, en ypperlig organ och en förträfflig deklamationskonst

    She combined with excellent theatrical looks a high degree of intelligence, an extraordinary voice and a splendid mastery of declamation
  3. an organ; a newspaper (of an organization, i.e. its voice)

Declension

Related terms

Anagrams

  • argon

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