harshness vs roughness what difference

what is difference between harshness and roughness



harsh +‎ -ness


harshness (countable and uncountable, plural harshnesses)

  1. The quality of being harsh.
    • She wakened in sharp panic, bewildered by the grotesquerie of some half-remembered dream in contrast with the harshness of inclement fact, drowsily realising that since she had fallen asleep it had come on to rain smartly out of a shrouded sky.



rough +‎ -ness


roughness (countable and uncountable, plural roughnesses)

  1. The property of being rough, coarseness.
    The roughness of the road made me wonder if my car would fall apart.
  2. Something that is rough; a rough spot.
    • 2003, Klaus Bange, “Surfaces of Substrate Glasses”. In: Thin Films on Glass, Springer Science & Business Media, page 101:
      A variety of suitable methods for surface inspection are available to detect topographical defects induced by surface roughnesses such as scratches, digs, inclusions and spatters.
  3. (US) Roughage; coarse fodder.
    • 1855, Southern Cultivator (volume 13, page 258)
      With this latter implement, the corn stalk fodder, shucks, oats, hay and other “roughness” may be finely cut up []
  4. (Scotland) Abundance, especially of food.

Derived terms


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