haste vs rush what difference

what is difference between haste and rush

English

Etymology

Blend of Middle English hasten (verb), (compare Dutch haasten, German hasten, Danish haste, Swedish hasta (to hasten, rush)) and Middle English hast (haste, noun), from Old French haste (whence French hâte), from Old Frankish *hai(f)st (violence), from Proto-Germanic *haifstiz (struggle, conflict), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeyp- (to ridicule, mock, anger). Akin to Old Frisian hāst, hāste (haste), Old English hǣst (violence), Old English hǣste (violent, impetuous, vehement, adj), Old Norse heift/heipt (feud), Gothic ???????????????????????????? (haifsts, rivalry). Cognate with German and Danish heftig (vehement). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /heɪst/
  • Rhymes: -eɪst

Noun

haste (usually uncountable, plural hastes)

  1. Speed; swiftness; dispatch.
    We were running late so we finished our meal in haste.
    • The king’s business required haste.
    • 2017, Russell M. Peterson, The Armies of Forever (page 368)
      There was a stampede as the congressmen jumped the banister in their hastes to be the first to sign away their souls.
  2. (obsolete) Urgency; sudden excitement of feeling or passion; precipitance; vehemence.
    • I said in my haste, All men are liars.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

haste (third-person singular simple present hastes, present participle hasting, simple past and past participle hasted)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To urge onward; to hasten.
  2. (intransitive, archaic) To move with haste.

Synonyms

  • (move with haste): hurry, rush, scamper, scramble, scurry

References

Anagrams

  • ashet, haets, hates, heast, heats, hetas, sateh, sheat

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /as̺te/, [as̺.t̪e̞]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /has̺te/, [ɦas̺.t̪e̞]

Noun

haste inan

  1. Verbal noun of hasi.

Declension


Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɦastɛ]
  • Rhymes: -astɛ

Verb

haste (imperative)

  1. second-person plural imperative of hasit

Esperanto

Pronunciation

Adverb

haste

  1. hastily

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhastə/
  • Hyphenation: has‧te
  • Homophone: hasste

Verb

haste

  1. inflection of hasten:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. first/third-person singular subjunctive I
    3. singular imperative

Contraction

haste

  1. (colloquial) contraction of hast du

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

haste (present tense hastar, past tense hasta, past participle hasta, passive infinitive hastast, present participle hastande, imperative hast)

  1. Alternative form of hasta

Old French

Alternative forms

  • hast, ast

Etymology

Borrowed from Frankish *hai(f)st (violence, haste), from Proto-Germanic *haifstiz (conflict, struggle)

Noun

haste f (oblique plural hastes, nominative singular haste, nominative plural hastes)

  1. urgency, haste, speed

Derived terms

  • haster
  • hasteier
  • hastece, hastance
  • hastif

Descendants

  • Middle French: haste
    • French: hâte
  • Walloon: hausse (Forrières), håsse (Liégeois)
  • Middle Dutch: haest, haeste, haste, hast (reborrowing)
    • Dutch: haast
      • Afrikaans: haas
    • West Flemish: hoast
    • Middle Low German: hāst
      • Middle High German: hāst
        • German: Hast
  • Middle English: haste, hast
    • English: haste

References


Portuguese

Etymology

From hasta.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈaʃtɨ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈastʃi/

Noun

haste f (plural hastes)

  1. pole
  2. (botany) stem, stalk

Derived terms

  • hastear

Further reading

  • “haste” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹʌʃ/
  • Homophone: Rush
  • Rhymes: -ʌʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English risshe, rusch, risch, from Old English rysċ, rysċe, risċ, risċe, from a merger of Proto-West Germanic *riskijā, from Proto-Indo-European *resg- (to weave) and Proto-West Germanic *ruskijā, borrowed from Latin rūscum (butcher’s broom), of unknown origin + *-jā (animal and plant suffix). Cognates include West Frisian risk, Dutch rus (bulrush), Norwegian Bokmål rusk, dialectal Norwegian ryskje (hair-grass).

Noun

rush (plural rushes)

  1. Any of several stiff plants of the genus Juncus, or the family Juncaceae, having hollow or pithy stems and small flowers, and often growing in marshes or near water.
  2. The stem of such plants used in making baskets, mats, the seats of chairs, etc.
  3. The merest trifle; a straw.
    • 1712, John Arbuthnot, The History of John Bull
      John Bull’s friendship is not worth a rush.
  4. A wick.
Synonyms
  • (plant of the genus Juncus): juncus
Translations

Etymology 2

Perhaps from Middle English ruschen, russchen (to rush, startle, make a loud rushing noise), from Old English hrysċan (to jolt, startle), from Proto-Germanic *hurskijaną (to startle, drive), from *hurskaz (fast, rapid, quick), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱers- (to run, hurry).

Cognate with Old High German hurscan (to speed, accelerate), Old English horsc (quick, quick-witted, clever).

Noun

rush (plural rushes)

  1. A sudden forward motion.
    • 1642, Henry Wotton, A Short View of the Life and Death of George Villiers
      A gentleman of his train spurred up his horse, and, with a violent rush, severed him from the duke.
  2. A surge.
  3. General haste.
  4. A rapid, noisy flow.
  5. (military) A sudden attack; an onslaught.
  6. (video games) The strategy of attacking an opponent with a large swarm of weak units, rather than spending time developing their abilities.
    Synonym: zerg
  7. (contact sports) The act of running at another player to block or disrupt play.
  8. (American football, dated) A rusher; a lineman.
  9. A sudden, brief exhilaration, for instance the pleasurable sensation produced by a stimulant.
  10. (US, figuratively) A regulated period of recruitment in fraternities and sororities.
  11. (US, dated, college slang) A perfect recitation.
  12. (croquet) A roquet in which the object ball is sent to a particular location on the lawn.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

rush (third-person singular simple present rushes, present participle rushing, simple past and past participle rushed)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) To hurry; to perform a task with great haste.
    • c. 1683, Robert West, The further Exmaination of Robert West of the Middle-Temple, Barrister at Law
      A party of men [] shoud be ready to rush out; and upon the noise of the first shot immediately run down to the Gate and break in.
  2. (intransitive) To flow or move forward rapidly or noisily.
  3. (intransitive, soccer) To dribble rapidly.
  4. (transitive or intransitive, contact sports) To run directly at another player in order to block or disrupt play.
  5. (transitive) To cause to move or act with unusual haste.
  6. (intransitive, military) To make a swift or sudden attack.
  7. (military) To swiftly attack without warning.
  8. (video games, slang, transitive) To attack (an opponent) with a large swarm of units.
    Synonym: zerg
  9. (transitive or intransitive, US, college) To attempt to join a fraternity or sorority; to undergo hazing or initiation in order to join a fraternity or sorority.
  10. (transitive) To transport or carry quickly.
  11. (transitive or intransitive, croquet) To roquet an object ball to a particular location on the lawn.
  12. (US, slang, dated) To recite (a lesson) or pass (an examination) without an error.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:rush (hurry)
Derived terms
  • downrush
  • rushing
Translations

Adjective

rush (not comparable)

  1. Performed with, or requiring urgency or great haste, or done under pressure.
Usage notes

Used only before a noun.

See also

  • rushes

Further reading

  • Juncaceae on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Rush_(football) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Hurs, RHUs, Suhr

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From English rush

Noun

rush n (definite singular rushet, indefinite plural rush, definite plural rusha or rushene)

  1. a rush (Etymology 2)

Derived terms

  • gullrush
  • rushtid

References

  • “rush” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “rush” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From English rush

Noun

rush n (definite singular rushet, indefinite plural rush, definite plural rusha)

  1. a rush (Etymology 2)

Derived terms

  • gullrush
  • rushtid

References

  • “rush” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

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