hawk vs mortarboard what difference

what is difference between hawk and mortarboard

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: hôk, IPA(key): /hɔːk/
  • (US) enPR: hôk, IPA(key): /hɔk/
  • (cotcaught merger) enPR: häk, IPA(key): /hɑk/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːk
  • Homophone: hock (accents with cot-caught merger)

Etymology 1

From Middle English hauk, hauke, hawke, havek, from Old English hafoc (hawk), from Proto-West Germanic *habuk, from Proto-Germanic *habukaz (compare West Frisian hauk, German Low German Haavke, Dutch havik, German Habicht, Swedish hök, Danish høg, Norwegian Bokmål hauk, Norwegian Nynorsk hauk, Faroese heykur, Icelandic haukur), from Proto-Indo-European *kopuǵos (compare Latin capys, capus (bird of prey), Albanian gabonjë, shkabë (eagle), Russian ко́бец (kóbec, falcon), Polish kobuz (Eurasian Hobby)), perhaps ultimately derived from *keh₂p- (seize).

Noun

hawk (plural hawks)

  1. A diurnal predatory bird of the family Accipitridae, smaller than an eagle.
  2. Any diurnal predatory terrestrial bird of similar size and appearance to the accipitrid hawks, such as a falcon.
  3. (entomology) Any of various species of dragonfly of the genera Apocordulia and Austrocordulia, endemic to Australia.
  4. (politics) An advocate of aggressive political positions and actions. [from 1962]
    Synonyms: warmonger, war hawk
    Antonym: dove
  5. (game theory) An uncooperative or purely-selfish participant in an exchange or game, especially when untrusting, acquisitive or treacherous. Refers specifically to the Prisoner’s Dilemma, alias the Hawk-Dove game.
    Antonym: dove
Hyponyms
Related terms
Derived terms
Related terms
  • creshawk
  • goshawk
  • sparhawk
Descendants
  • Sranan Tongo: aka
Translations

Verb

hawk (third-person singular simple present hawks, present participle hawking, simple past and past participle hawked)

  1. (transitive) To hunt with a hawk.
  2. (intransitive) To make an attack while on the wing; to soar and strike like a hawk.
    • But whether upward to the moon they go, Or dream the winter out in caves below, Or hawk at flies elsewhere
Translations
Derived terms
  • hawk after
  • hawk at
  • hawk for
  • hawker
  • hawking

Etymology 2

Uncertain origin; perhaps from Middle English hache (battle-axe), or from a variant use of the above.

Noun

hawk (plural hawks)

  1. A plasterer’s tool, made of a flat surface with a handle below, used to hold an amount of plaster prior to application to the wall or ceiling being worked on: a mortarboard.
    Synonym: mortarboard
Derived terms
  • hawk boy, hawk-boy
Translations

Etymology 3

Back-formation from hawker.

Verb

hawk (third-person singular simple present hawks, present participle hawking, simple past and past participle hawked)

  1. (transitive) To sell; to offer for sale by outcry in the street; to carry (merchandise) about from place to place for sale; to peddle.
    The vendors were hawking their wares from little tables lining either side of the market square.
    • 1713, Jonathan Swift, Imitation of Horace, Book I. Ep. VII.
      His works were hawked in every street.
Derived terms
  • hawked
  • hawkery
  • hawking
  • hawky
Related terms
  • hawker
Translations

Etymology 4

Onomatopoeic.

Noun

hawk (plural hawks)

  1. A noisy effort to force up phlegm from the throat.
Synonyms
  • hawking (noun)
Translations

Verb

hawk (third-person singular simple present hawks, present participle hawking, simple past and past participle hawked)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To expectorate, to cough up something from one’s throat.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, I. xvi. 117
      He hawked up, with incredible straining, the interjection ah!
    • 1953, Saul Bellow, The Adventures of Augie March, Viking Press, chapter 3:
      He had a new tough manner of pulling down breath and hawking into the street.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To try to cough up something from one’s throat; to clear the throat loudly.
Derived terms
  • hawking (noun)
Translations

See also

  • Hawkshaw, hawkshaw
  • Hawkubite
  • winkle-hawk

Further reading

  • hawk on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Manx

Noun

hawk

  1. Lenited form of shawk.


English

Etymology

mortar +‎ board

Noun

mortarboard (plural mortarboards)

  1. A square board, with a handle, on which mortar or plaster is carried: a hawk.
  2. An academic cap that has a flat square top with a tassel.

Synonyms

  • (tool): hawk
  • (clothing): cap

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