hazard vs risk what difference

what is difference between hazard and risk

English

Etymology

From Middle English hasard, from Old French hasart (a game of dice) (noun), hasarder (verb), probably from Arabic اَلزَّهْر(az-zahr, the dice). Compare Spanish azar, Portuguese azar.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhæzɚd/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhazəd/

Noun

hazard (countable and uncountable, plural hazards)

  1. The chance of suffering harm; danger, peril, risk of loss. [from 16th c.]
    • a. 1729, John Rogers, The Difficulties of Obtaining Salvation
      Men are led on from one stage of life to another in a condition of the utmost hazard.
  2. An obstacle or other feature which causes risk or danger; originally in sports, and now applied more generally. [from 19th c.]
  3. (in driving a vehicle) An obstacle or other feature that presents a risk or danger that justifies the driver in taking action to avoid it.
  4. (golf) A sand or water obstacle on a golf course.
  5. (billiards) The act of potting a ball, whether the object ball (winning hazard) or the player’s ball (losing hazard).
  6. (historical) A game of chance played with dice, usually for monetary stakes; popular mainly from 14th c. to 19th c.
  7. Chance. [from 16th c.]
  8. (obsolete) Anything that is hazarded or risked, such as a stake in gambling.
  9. (tennis) The side of the court into which the ball is served.
  10. (programming) A problem with the instruction pipeline in CPU microarchitectures when the next instruction cannot execute in the following clock cycle, potentially leading to incorrect results.

Synonyms

  • (chance): fortune, luck; see also Thesaurus:luck
  • (chance of suffering harm): adventure
  • (anything hazarded or risked): bet, pledge, skin in the game, wager

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

hazard (third-person singular simple present hazards, present participle hazarding, simple past and past participle hazarded)

  1. To expose to chance; to take a risk.
    • a. 1676, John Clarke, Excuses of the Irreligious
      o be consistent , you ought to be a Chriftian in temper and practice ; for you hazard nothing by a course of evangelical obedience
    • He hazards his neck to the halter.
  2. To risk (something); to venture, to incur, or bring on.
    • They hazard to cut their feet.
    I’ll hazard a guess.

Translations


Czech

Etymology

Borrowed from German Hasard, from Old French hasart.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦazart/

Noun

hazard m

  1. gambling
  2. risk, gamble

Declension

References


French

Noun

hazard m (plural hazards)

  1. Archaic spelling of hasard, chiefly used before 1800

Italian

Noun

hazard m (invariable)

  1. hazard lights (on a vehicle)

Middle French

Noun

hazard m (plural hazards)

  1. hazard; obstacle

Descendants

  • French: hasard

Polish

Etymology

From French hasard, from Old French hasart, from Arabic اَلزَّهْر(az-zahr, the dice).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxa.zart/

Noun

hazard m inan

  1. (singular only) gambling
  2. (electronics) race condition

Declension


Romanian

Etymology

From French hasard.

Noun

hazard n (plural hazarduri)

  1. hazard

Declension


Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xǎzard/
  • Hyphenation: ha‧zard

Noun

hàzard m (Cyrillic spelling ха̀зард)

  1. gamble, gambling
  2. risk, hazard

Declension



English

Alternative forms

  • risque (archaic)

Etymology

From earlier risque, from Middle French risque, from Italian risco (risk) (modern Italian rischio) and rischiare (to run into danger).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪsk/
  • Homophones: RISC, risque (rare dialect)
  • Rhymes: -ɪsk

Noun

risk (countable and uncountable, plural risks)

  1. (countable) A possible adverse event or outcome
    Synonyms: danger, peril, hazard
    • 2006, BBC News website, Farmers warned over skin cancer read at [1] on 14 May 2006
      There was also a “degree of complacency” that the weather in the country was not good enough to present a health risk.
  2. The probability of a negative outcome to a decision or event.
    • 2006, Trever Ramsey on BBC News website, Exercise ‘cuts skin cancer risk’ read at [3] on 14 May 2006
    • Taking regular exercise, coupled with a healthy diet, reduced the risk of several types of cancer.
  3. The magnitude of possible loss consequent to a decision or event.
  4. (formal use in business, engineering, etc.) The potential (conventionally negative) effect of an event, determined by combining the likelihood of the event occurring with the effect should it occur.
    • 2002, Decisioneering Inc website, What is risk? read at [6] on 14 May 2006
      If there is a 25% chance of running over schedule, costing you a $100 out of your own pocket, that might be a risk you are willing to take. But if you have a 5% chance of running overschedule, knowing that there is a $10,000 penalty, you might be less willing to take that risk.
  5. (countable, insurance) An entity insured by an insurer or the specific uncertain events that the insurer underwrites.

Hyponyms

  • (formal business and engineering): variance, standard deviation, downside beta

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

risk (third-person singular simple present risks, present participle risking, simple past and past participle risked)

  1. (transitive) To incur risk of (something).
    • 2006, Transportation Alternatives website, Rail delays as thieves cut power read at [7] on 14 May 2006
      These people are putting themselves in danger by physically being on or near to the railway lines and risking serious injury.
  2. (transitive) To incur risk of harming or jeopardizing.
    • 2006, BBC Sport website, Beckham wary over Rooney comeback read at [8] on 14 May 2006
      England captain David Beckham has warned Wayne Rooney not to risk his long-term future by rushing his return from injury.
  3. (transitive) To incur risk as a result of (doing something).
    • 1999, BBC News website, Volunteer of the Month: Andrew Hay McConnell read at [9] on 14 May 2006
      After coming to New York, I decided to risk cycling again.

Usage notes

  • This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing). See Appendix:English catenative verbs

Translations

See also

  • roll the dice, take a chance

References

  • risk at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • risk in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • risk in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • risk on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Kris, irks, kirs, kris, riks

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɪsk]
  • Rhymes: -ɪsk

Noun

risk m

  1. (informal) risk

Further reading

  • risk in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • risk in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • risk in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Swedish

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɪsk

Noun

risk c

  1. risk

Declension

Anagrams

  • kris, riks-, skri

Turkish

Etymology

From French risque.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /risc/

Noun

risk (definite accusative riski, plural riskler)

  1. risk (all senses)

Declension


Westrobothnian

Etymology

Old Norse hressa (be facetious), Helsingian ressa (“be unruly, very cheerful and lively”), Norwegian rissa (be noisy, crazy).

Verb

risk (preterite riskä)

  1. (intransitive) To wrestle, play, joke, amuse oneself.

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