head vs lead what difference

what is difference between head and lead

English

Alternative forms

  • heed, hed (obsolete)
  • ‘ead (UK, eye dialect)

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hĕd, IPA(key): /hɛd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛd

Etymology 1

From Middle English hed, heed, heved, heaved, from Old English hēafod (head; top; source, origin; chief, leader; capital), from Proto-Germanic *haubudą (head), from Proto-Indo-European *káput-.

Noun

head (countable and uncountable, plural heads or head)

  1. (countable) The part of the body of an animal or human which contains the brain, mouth, and main sense organs.
    1. (people) To do with heads.
      1. Mental or emotional aptitude or skill.
      2. (figuratively, metonymically) Mind; one’s own thoughts.
      3. A headache; especially one resulting from intoxication.
      4. A headdress; a covering for the head.
      5. (figuratively, metonymically) An individual person.
    2. (animals) To do with heads.
      1. (plural head, measure word for livestock and game) A single animal.
      2. The population of game.
      3. The antlers of a deer.
  2. (countable) The topmost, foremost, or leading part.
    1. The end of a table.
      1. The end of a rectangular table furthest from the entrance; traditionally considered a seat of honor.
      2. (billiards) The end of a pool table opposite the end where the balls have been racked.
    2. (countable) The principal operative part of a machine or tool.
      1. The end of a hammer, axe, golf club, or similar implement used for striking other objects.
      2. The end of a nail, screw, bolt, or similar fastener which is opposite the point; usually blunt and relatively wide.
      3. The sharp end of an arrow, spear, or pointer.
      4. (lacrosse) The top part of a lacrosse stick that holds the ball.
      5. (music) A drum head, the membrane which is hit to produce sound.
      6. A machine element which reads or writes electromagnetic signals to or from a storage medium.
      7. (computing) The part of a disk drive responsible for reading and writing data.
      8. (automotive) The cylinder head, a platform above the cylinders in an internal combustion engine, containing the valves and spark plugs.
    3. (uncountable, countable) The foam that forms on top of beer or other carbonated beverages.
    4. (engineering) The end cap of a cylindrically-shaped pressure vessel.
    5. (Britain, geology) Deposits near the top of a geological succession.
    6. (journalism) Short for headline.
      • 1968, Earl English, ‎Clarence Hach, Scholastic Journalism (page 166)
        The content of a headline over a news story should be taken from the lead of the story. [] The head should give the same impression as the body of the story.
    7. (medicine) The end of an abscess where pus collects.
    8. (music) The headstock of a guitar.
    9. (nautical) A leading component.
      1. The top edge of a sail.
      2. The bow of a vessel.
    10. (Britain) A headland.
  3. (social, countable, metonymically) A leader or expert.
    1. The place of honour, or of command; the most important or foremost position; the front.
    2. (metonymically) Leader; chief; mastermind.
    3. (metonymically) A headmaster or headmistress.
      • 1992 June 24, Edwina Currie, Diary:
        At 4pm, the phone went. It was The Sun: ‘We hear your daughter’s been expelled for cheating at her school exams…’

        She’d made a remark to a friend at the end of the German exam and had been pulled up for talking.

        As they left the exam room, she muttered that the teacher was a ‘twat’. He heard and flipped—a pretty stupid thing to do, knowing the kids were tired and tense after exams. Instead of dropping it, the teacher complained to the Head and Deb was carpeted.

    4. (music, slang, figuratively, metonymically) A person with an extensive knowledge of hip hop.
  4. A significant or important part.
    1. A beginning or end, a protuberance.
      1. The source of a river; the end of a lake where a river flows into it.
      2. A clump of seeds, leaves or flowers; a capitulum.
        1. An ear of wheat, barley, or other small cereal.
        2. The leafy top part of a tree.
      3. (anatomy) The rounded part of a bone fitting into a depression in another bone to form a ball-and-socket joint.
      4. (nautical) The toilet of a ship.
      5. (in the plural) Tiles laid at the eaves of a house.
        • 1875, Edward H. Knight, Knight’s American Mechanical Dictionary, vol. II, page 1086
          Heads. (Roofing.) Tiles which are laid at the eaves of a house
    2. A component.
      1. (jazz) The principal melody or theme of a piece.
      2. (linguistics) A morpheme that determines the category of a compound or the word that determines the syntactic type of the phrase of which it is a member.
  5. Headway; progress.
  6. Topic; subject.
  7. (only in the singular) Denouement; crisis.
    • 1712 October 18, anonymous letter in The Spectator, edited by Joseph Addison, no. 513, collected in The Works of the Late Right Honorable Joseph Addison, Esq, Birmingham: John Baskerville, published 1761, volume IV, page 10:
      The indiſpoſition which has long hung upon me, is at laſt grown to ſuch an head, that it muſt quickly make an end of me, or of itſelf.
  8. (fluid dynamics) Pressure and energy.
    1. (uncountable, countable) A buildup of fluid pressure, often quantified as pressure head.
      How much head do you have at the Glens Falls feeder dam?
    2. The difference in elevation between two points in a column of fluid, and the resulting pressure of the fluid at the lower point.
    3. More generally, energy in a mass of fluid divided by its weight.
  9. (slang, uncountable) Fellatio or cunnilingus; oral sex.
  10. (slang) The glans penis.
  11. (slang, countable) A heavy or habitual user of illicit drugs.
    • 1936, Lee Duncan, Over The Wall, Dutton
      Then I saw the more advanced narcotic addicts, who shot unbelievable doses of powerful heroin in the main line – the vein of their arms; the hysien users; chloroform sniffers, who belonged to the riff-raff element of the dope chippeys, who mingled freely with others of their kind; canned heat stiffs, paragoric hounds, laudanum fiends, and last but not least, the veronal heads.
    • 2005, Martin Torgoff, Can’t Find My Way Home, Simon & Schuster, page 177,
      The hutch now looks like a “Turkish bath,” and the heads have their arms around one another, passing the pipe and snapping their fingers as they sing Smokey Robinson’s “Tracks of My Tears” into the night.
  12. (obsolete) Power; armed force.
Quotations
  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:head.
Gallery
Synonyms
  • (part of the body): caput (anatomy); pate, noggin (slang), loaf (slang), nut (slang), noodle (slang), bonce (British slang)
  • (mental aptitude or talent): mind
  • (mental or emotional control): composure, poise
  • (topmost part of anything): top
  • (leader): boss, chief, leader
  • (headmaster, headmistress): headmaster m, headmistress f, principal (US)
  • (toilet of a ship): See Thesaurus:toilet and Thesaurus:bathroom
  • (top of a sail):
  • (foam on carbonated beverages):
  • (fellatio): blowjob, blow job, fellatio, oral sex
  • (end of tool used for striking):
  • (blunt end of fastener):
  • See also Thesaurus:head
Antonyms
  • (topmost part of anything): base, bottom, underside, foot, tail
  • (leader): subordinate, underling
  • (blunt end of fastener): point, sharp end, tip
Usage notes
  • To give something its head is to allow it to run freely. This is used for horses, and, sometimes, figuratively for vehicles.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Japanese: ヘッド (heddo)
  • Sranan Tongo: ede
Translations

See head/translations § Noun.

Adjective

head (not comparable)

  1. Of, relating to, or intended for the head.
Translations

Verb

head (third-person singular simple present heads, present participle heading, simple past and past participle headed)

  1. (transitive) To be in command of. (See also head up.)
  2. (transitive) To come at the beginning of; to commence.
    A group of clowns headed the procession.
    The most important items headed the list.
  3. (transitive) To strike with the head; as in soccer, to head the ball
  4. (intransitive) To move in a specified direction.
  5. (fishing) To remove the head from a fish.
  6. (intransitive) To originate; to spring; to have its course, as a river.
    • 1775, James Adair, The History of the American Indians, page 223
      a broad purling river, that heads in the great blue ridge of mountains,
  7. (intransitive) To form a head.
  8. (transitive) To form a head to; to fit or furnish with a head.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
  9. (transitive) To cut off the top of; to lop off.
  10. (transitive, obsolete) To behead; to decapitate.
    • 1822, Allan Cunningham, “Ezra Peden”, in Traditional Tales of the English and Scottish Peasantry, v. 1, p. 37.
      I tell thee, man of God, the uncharitableness of the sect to which thou pertainest has thronged the land of punishment as much as those who headed, and hanged, and stabbed, and shot, and tortured.
  11. To go in front of.
  12. To get in the front of, so as to hinder or stop; to oppose.
  13. (by extension) To check or restrain.
  14. To set on the head.
Derived terms
Translations
Related terms
  • ahead
  • knucklehead
  • railhead
  • smackhead

Etymology 2

From Middle English hed, heved, heaved, hæfedd, from Old English hēafod- (principal, main, primary), from Proto-Germanic *haubuda-, *haubida-, from Proto-Indo-European *kauput-, *káput- (head). Compare Saterland Frisian hööft-, West Frisian haad-, Dutch hoofd-, German Low German höövd-, German haupt-.

Adjective

head (not comparable)

  1. Foremost in rank or importance.
  2. Placed at the top or the front.
  3. Coming from in front.
Synonyms
  • (foremost in rank or importance): chief, principal
  • (placed at the top or the front): first, top
Antonyms
  • (coming from in front): tail
Translations

Anagrams

  • DHEA, ahed, hade

Estonian

Adjective

head

  1. inflection of hea:
    1. partitive singular
    2. plural


English

Etymology 1


From Middle English led, leed, from Old English lēad (lead), from Proto-West Germanic *laud (lead), borrowed from Proto-Celtic *ɸloudom, from Proto-Indo-European *plewd- (to flow). Cognate with Scots leid, lede (lead), North Frisian lud, luad (lead), West Frisian lead (lead), Dutch lood (lead), German Lot (solder, plummet, sounding line), Swedish lod (lead), Icelandic lóð (a plumb, weight), Irish luaidhe (lead) Latin plumbum (lead). Doublet of loth. More at flow.

  • (graphite in a pencil): Graphite was once believed to be a form of lead; see black lead and plumbago.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: lĕd, IPA(key): /lɛd/
  • Homophone: led

Noun

lead (countable and uncountable, plural leads)

  1. (uncountable) A heavy, pliable, inelastic metal element, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished; both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity. It is easily fusible, forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic number 82, symbol Pb (from Latin plumbum).
  2. (countable, nautical) A plummet or mass of lead attached to a line, used in sounding depth at sea or (dated) to estimate velocity in knots.
  3. A thin strip of type metal, used to separate lines of type in printing.
  4. (uncountable, typography) Vertical space in advance of a row or between rows of text. Also known as leading.
  5. Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs.
  6. (plural leads) A roof covered with lead sheets or terne plates.
  7. (countable) A thin cylinder of graphite used in pencils.
  8. (slang) Bullets; ammunition.
Derived terms
Translations

See lead/translations § Etymology 1.

Verb

lead (third-person singular simple present leads, present participle leading, simple past and past participle leaded)

  1. (transitive) To cover, fill, or affect with lead
  2. (transitive, printing, historical) To place leads between the lines of.
Usage notes

Note carefully these three senses are verbs derived from the noun referring to the metallic element, and are unrelated to the heteronym defined below under #Etymology 2.

Translations

See lead/translations § Etymology 1.

See also

Further reading

  • David Barthelmy (1997–2021), “Lead”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
  • “lead”, in Mindat.org[1], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2021.
  • lead on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 2

From Middle English leden, from Old English lǣdan (to lead), from Proto-West Germanic *laidijan, from Proto-Germanic *laidijaną (to cause one to go, lead), causative of Proto-Germanic *līþaną (to go), from Proto-Indo-European *leit-, *leith- (to leave, die).

Cognate with West Frisian liede (to lead), Dutch leiden (to lead), German leiten (to lead), Danish and Norwegian Bokmål lede (to lead), Norwegian Nynorsk leia (to lead), Swedish leda (to lead). Related to Old English līþan (to go, travel).

Alternative forms

  • lede, leed (both obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: lēd, IPA(key): /liːd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /lid/
  • Homophones: leed, lede

Verb

lead (third-person singular simple present leads, present participle leading, simple past and past participle led)

  1. (heading, transitive) To guide or conduct.
    1. To guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact connection.
      • If a blind man lead a blind man, both fall down in the ditch.
      • They thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill.
    2. To guide or conduct in a certain course, or to a certain place or end, by making the way known; to show the way, especially by going with or going in advance of, to lead a pupil; to guide somebody somewhere or to bring somebody somewhere by means of instructions.
      • The Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way.
      • He leadeth me beside the still waters.
    3. (figuratively): To direct; to counsel; to instruct
    4. To conduct or direct with authority; to have direction or charge of; to command, especially a military or business unit.
      • 1664, Robert South, A Sermon Preached Before the University at Christ-Church, Oxon
        Christ took not upon him flesh and blood that he might conquer and rule nations, lead armies, or possess places.
    5. To guide or conduct oneself in, through, or along (a certain course); hence, to proceed in the way of; to follow the path or course of; to pass; to spend. Also, to cause (one) to proceed or follow in (a certain course).
      • That we may lead a quiet and peaceable life.
      • 1849, Alfred Tennyson, In Memoriam A.H.H, XXXIII
        Nor thou with shadow’d hint confuse / A life that leads melodious days.
      • 1849-50, Charles Dickens, David Copperfield, Chapter 61
        You remember [] the life he used to lead his wife and daughter.
  2. (intransitive) To guide or conduct, as by accompanying, going before, showing, influencing, directing with authority, etc.; to have precedence or preeminence; to be first or chief; — used in most of the senses of the transitive verb.
  3. (heading) To begin, to be ahead.
    1. (transitive) To go or to be in advance of; to precede; hence, to be foremost or chief among.
      • 1600, Edward Fairfax, The Jerusalem Delivered of Tasso
        As Hesperus, that leads the sun his way.
      • c. 1819, Leigh Hunt, Abou Ben Adhem
        And lo! Ben Adhem’s name led all the rest.
    2. (intransitive) To lead off or out, to go first; to begin.
    3. (intransitive) To be more advanced in technology or business than others.
    4. (heading, sports)
      1. (transitive, card games, dominoes) To begin a game, round, or trick, with
      2. (intransitive) To be ahead of others, e.g., in a race.
      3. (intransitive) To have the highest interim score in a game.
      4. (baseball) To step off base and move towards the next base.
      5. (shooting) To aim in front of a moving target, in order that the shot may hit the target as it passes.
      6. (transitive, climbing) Lead climb.
  4. (transitive) To draw or direct by influence, whether good or bad; to prevail on; to induce; to entice; to allure
    • 1649, King Charles I of England, Eikon Basilike
      He was driven by the necessities of the times, more than led by his own disposition, to any rigor of actions.
    • Silly women, laden with sins, led away by divers lusts.
  5. (intransitive) To tend or reach in a certain direction, or to a certain place.
    • ca. 1590, William Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona, V-ii
      The mountain-foot that leads towards Mantua.
  6. To produce (with to).
  7. Misspelling of led.
  8. (transitive) To live or experience (a particular way of life).
Derived terms
Related terms
  • lad, laddie
Translations

See lead/translations § Etymology 2.

Noun

lead (countable and uncountable, plural leads)

  1. (countable) The act of leading or conducting; guidance; direction, course
    • 1796, Edmund Burke, a letter to a noble lord
      At the time I speak of, and having a momentary lead, [] I am sure I did my country important service.
  2. (countable) Precedence; advance position; also, the measure of precedence; the state of being ahead in a race; the highest score in a game in an incomplete game.
  3. (Britain, countable) An insulated metallic wire for electrical devices and equipment.
  4. (baseball) The situation where a runner steps away from a base while waiting for the pitch to be thrown.
  5. (uncountable, card games, dominoes) The act or right of playing first in a game or round; the card suit, or piece, so played
  6. (acting) The main role in a play or film; the lead role.
  7. (acting) The actor who plays the main role; lead actor.
  8. (business) The person in charge of a project or a work shift etc.
    John is the development lead on this software product.
  9. (countable) A channel of open water in an ice field.
  10. (countable, mining) A lode.
  11. (nautical) The course of a rope from end to end.
  12. A rope, leather strap, or similar device with which to lead an animal; a leash
  13. In a steam engine, the width of port opening which is uncovered by the valve, for the admission or release of steam, at the instant when the piston is at end of its stroke.
    • Usage note: When used alone it means outside lead, or lead for the admission of steam. Inside lead refers to the release or exhaust.
  14. Charging lead. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  15. (civil engineering) The distance of haul, as from a cutting to an embankment.
  16. (horology) The action of a tooth, such as a tooth of a wheel, in impelling another tooth or a pallet.
  17. Hypothesis that has not been pursued
  18. Information obtained by a detective or police officer that allows him or her to discover further details about a crime or incident.
  19. (marketing) Potential opportunity for a sale or transaction, a potential customer.
  20. Information obtained by a news reporter about an issue or subject that allows him or her to discover more details.
  21. (curling) The player who throws the first two rocks for a team.
  22. (newspapers) A teaser; a lead-in; the start of a newspaper column, telling who, what, when, where, why and how. (Sometimes spelled as lede for this usage to avoid ambiguity.)
  23. An important news story that appears on the front page of a newspaper or at the beginning of a news broadcast
  24. (engineering) The axial distance a screw thread travels in one revolution. It is equal to the pitch times the number of starts.
  25. (music) In a barbershop quartet, the person who sings the melody, usually the second tenor
  26. (music) The announcement by one voice part of a theme to be repeated by the other parts.
  27. (music) A mark or a short passage in one voice part, as of a canon, serving as a cue for the entrance of others.
  28. (engineering) The excess above a right angle in the angle between two consecutive cranks, as of a compound engine, on the same shaft.
  29. (electrical) The angle between the line joining the brushes of a continuous-current dynamo and the diameter symmetrical between the poles.
  30. (electrical) The advance of the current phase in an alternating circuit beyond that of the electromotive force producing it.
Usage notes

Note that these noun (attributive) uses are all derived from the verb, not the chemical element in #Etymology 1.

Derived terms
Translations

See lead/translations § Etymology 2.

Adjective

lead (not comparable)

  1. (not comparable) Foremost.
    Synonyms: first, front, head, leader, leading
  2. (music) main, principal
    • 2017 August 25, “Arrest threat as Yingluck Shinawatra misses verdict”, in aljazeera.com, Al Jazeera:
      Yingluck Shinawatra, Thailand’s ex-prime minister, has missed a verdict in a negligence trial that could have seen her jailed, prompting the Supreme Court to say it will issue an arrest warrant fearing she is a flight risk, according to the lead judge in the case.

Etymology 3

Verb

lead

  1. Misspelling of led.

References

  • lead in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • ALDE, Adel, Dale, Deal, Dela, E.D. La., Lade, Leda, adle, dale, deal, lade

Hungarian

Etymology

le- +‎ ad

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛɒd]
  • Hyphenation: le‧ad
  • Rhymes: -ɒd

Verb

lead

  1. (transitive) to pass down, hand down, turn in, drop off
  2. (transitive) to lose weight, usually as a result of some kind of training or exercise

Conjugation

Derived terms

Further reading

  • lead in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Middle English

Noun

lead

  1. Alternative form of led (lead)

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *laud.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /læ͜ɑːd/

Noun

lēad n

  1. lead

Declension

Derived terms

  • līeden

Descendants

  • Middle English: led, lead, lede, leed, leod, leyd, leyt
    • English: lead
    • Scots: leid, lede
    • Yola: leed

Polish

Etymology

From English lead.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): //lʲit//

Noun

lead m inan

  1. (newspapers, journalism) lead paragraph, teaser, lead-in (start of a newspaper column, telling who, what, when, where, why and how)

Declension

Further reading

  • lead in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lead in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial