head vs pass what difference

what is difference between head and pass

English

Alternative forms

  • heed, hed (obsolete)
  • ‘ead (UK, eye dialect)

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hĕd, IPA(key): /hɛd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛd

Etymology 1

From Middle English hed, heed, heved, heaved, from Old English hēafod (head; top; source, origin; chief, leader; capital), from Proto-Germanic *haubudą (head), from Proto-Indo-European *káput-.

Noun

head (countable and uncountable, plural heads or head)

  1. (countable) The part of the body of an animal or human which contains the brain, mouth, and main sense organs.
    1. (people) To do with heads.
      1. Mental or emotional aptitude or skill.
      2. (figuratively, metonymically) Mind; one’s own thoughts.
      3. A headache; especially one resulting from intoxication.
      4. A headdress; a covering for the head.
      5. (figuratively, metonymically) An individual person.
    2. (animals) To do with heads.
      1. (plural head, measure word for livestock and game) A single animal.
      2. The population of game.
      3. The antlers of a deer.
  2. (countable) The topmost, foremost, or leading part.
    1. The end of a table.
      1. The end of a rectangular table furthest from the entrance; traditionally considered a seat of honor.
      2. (billiards) The end of a pool table opposite the end where the balls have been racked.
    2. (countable) The principal operative part of a machine or tool.
      1. The end of a hammer, axe, golf club, or similar implement used for striking other objects.
      2. The end of a nail, screw, bolt, or similar fastener which is opposite the point; usually blunt and relatively wide.
      3. The sharp end of an arrow, spear, or pointer.
      4. (lacrosse) The top part of a lacrosse stick that holds the ball.
      5. (music) A drum head, the membrane which is hit to produce sound.
      6. A machine element which reads or writes electromagnetic signals to or from a storage medium.
      7. (computing) The part of a disk drive responsible for reading and writing data.
      8. (automotive) The cylinder head, a platform above the cylinders in an internal combustion engine, containing the valves and spark plugs.
    3. (uncountable, countable) The foam that forms on top of beer or other carbonated beverages.
    4. (engineering) The end cap of a cylindrically-shaped pressure vessel.
    5. (Britain, geology) Deposits near the top of a geological succession.
    6. (journalism) Short for headline.
      • 1968, Earl English, ‎Clarence Hach, Scholastic Journalism (page 166)
        The content of a headline over a news story should be taken from the lead of the story. [] The head should give the same impression as the body of the story.
    7. (medicine) The end of an abscess where pus collects.
    8. (music) The headstock of a guitar.
    9. (nautical) A leading component.
      1. The top edge of a sail.
      2. The bow of a vessel.
    10. (Britain) A headland.
  3. (social, countable, metonymically) A leader or expert.
    1. The place of honour, or of command; the most important or foremost position; the front.
    2. (metonymically) Leader; chief; mastermind.
    3. (metonymically) A headmaster or headmistress.
      • 1992 June 24, Edwina Currie, Diary:
        At 4pm, the phone went. It was The Sun: ‘We hear your daughter’s been expelled for cheating at her school exams…’

        She’d made a remark to a friend at the end of the German exam and had been pulled up for talking.

        As they left the exam room, she muttered that the teacher was a ‘twat’. He heard and flipped—a pretty stupid thing to do, knowing the kids were tired and tense after exams. Instead of dropping it, the teacher complained to the Head and Deb was carpeted.

    4. (music, slang, figuratively, metonymically) A person with an extensive knowledge of hip hop.
  4. A significant or important part.
    1. A beginning or end, a protuberance.
      1. The source of a river; the end of a lake where a river flows into it.
      2. A clump of seeds, leaves or flowers; a capitulum.
        1. An ear of wheat, barley, or other small cereal.
        2. The leafy top part of a tree.
      3. (anatomy) The rounded part of a bone fitting into a depression in another bone to form a ball-and-socket joint.
      4. (nautical) The toilet of a ship.
      5. (in the plural) Tiles laid at the eaves of a house.
        • 1875, Edward H. Knight, Knight’s American Mechanical Dictionary, vol. II, page 1086
          Heads. (Roofing.) Tiles which are laid at the eaves of a house
    2. A component.
      1. (jazz) The principal melody or theme of a piece.
      2. (linguistics) A morpheme that determines the category of a compound or the word that determines the syntactic type of the phrase of which it is a member.
  5. Headway; progress.
  6. Topic; subject.
  7. (only in the singular) Denouement; crisis.
    • 1712 October 18, anonymous letter in The Spectator, edited by Joseph Addison, no. 513, collected in The Works of the Late Right Honorable Joseph Addison, Esq, Birmingham: John Baskerville, published 1761, volume IV, page 10:
      The indiſpoſition which has long hung upon me, is at laſt grown to ſuch an head, that it muſt quickly make an end of me, or of itſelf.
  8. (fluid dynamics) Pressure and energy.
    1. (uncountable, countable) A buildup of fluid pressure, often quantified as pressure head.
      How much head do you have at the Glens Falls feeder dam?
    2. The difference in elevation between two points in a column of fluid, and the resulting pressure of the fluid at the lower point.
    3. More generally, energy in a mass of fluid divided by its weight.
  9. (slang, uncountable) Fellatio or cunnilingus; oral sex.
  10. (slang) The glans penis.
  11. (slang, countable) A heavy or habitual user of illicit drugs.
    • 1936, Lee Duncan, Over The Wall, Dutton
      Then I saw the more advanced narcotic addicts, who shot unbelievable doses of powerful heroin in the main line – the vein of their arms; the hysien users; chloroform sniffers, who belonged to the riff-raff element of the dope chippeys, who mingled freely with others of their kind; canned heat stiffs, paragoric hounds, laudanum fiends, and last but not least, the veronal heads.
    • 2005, Martin Torgoff, Can’t Find My Way Home, Simon & Schuster, page 177,
      The hutch now looks like a “Turkish bath,” and the heads have their arms around one another, passing the pipe and snapping their fingers as they sing Smokey Robinson’s “Tracks of My Tears” into the night.
  12. (obsolete) Power; armed force.
Quotations
  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:head.
Gallery
Synonyms
  • (part of the body): caput (anatomy); pate, noggin (slang), loaf (slang), nut (slang), noodle (slang), bonce (British slang)
  • (mental aptitude or talent): mind
  • (mental or emotional control): composure, poise
  • (topmost part of anything): top
  • (leader): boss, chief, leader
  • (headmaster, headmistress): headmaster m, headmistress f, principal (US)
  • (toilet of a ship): See Thesaurus:toilet and Thesaurus:bathroom
  • (top of a sail):
  • (foam on carbonated beverages):
  • (fellatio): blowjob, blow job, fellatio, oral sex
  • (end of tool used for striking):
  • (blunt end of fastener):
  • See also Thesaurus:head
Antonyms
  • (topmost part of anything): base, bottom, underside, foot, tail
  • (leader): subordinate, underling
  • (blunt end of fastener): point, sharp end, tip
Usage notes
  • To give something its head is to allow it to run freely. This is used for horses, and, sometimes, figuratively for vehicles.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Japanese: ヘッド (heddo)
  • Sranan Tongo: ede
Translations

See head/translations § Noun.

Adjective

head (not comparable)

  1. Of, relating to, or intended for the head.
Translations

Verb

head (third-person singular simple present heads, present participle heading, simple past and past participle headed)

  1. (transitive) To be in command of. (See also head up.)
  2. (transitive) To come at the beginning of; to commence.
    A group of clowns headed the procession.
    The most important items headed the list.
  3. (transitive) To strike with the head; as in soccer, to head the ball
  4. (intransitive) To move in a specified direction.
  5. (fishing) To remove the head from a fish.
  6. (intransitive) To originate; to spring; to have its course, as a river.
    • 1775, James Adair, The History of the American Indians, page 223
      a broad purling river, that heads in the great blue ridge of mountains,
  7. (intransitive) To form a head.
  8. (transitive) To form a head to; to fit or furnish with a head.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
  9. (transitive) To cut off the top of; to lop off.
  10. (transitive, obsolete) To behead; to decapitate.
    • 1822, Allan Cunningham, “Ezra Peden”, in Traditional Tales of the English and Scottish Peasantry, v. 1, p. 37.
      I tell thee, man of God, the uncharitableness of the sect to which thou pertainest has thronged the land of punishment as much as those who headed, and hanged, and stabbed, and shot, and tortured.
  11. To go in front of.
  12. To get in the front of, so as to hinder or stop; to oppose.
  13. (by extension) To check or restrain.
  14. To set on the head.
Derived terms
Translations
Related terms
  • ahead
  • knucklehead
  • railhead
  • smackhead

Etymology 2

From Middle English hed, heved, heaved, hæfedd, from Old English hēafod- (principal, main, primary), from Proto-Germanic *haubuda-, *haubida-, from Proto-Indo-European *kauput-, *káput- (head). Compare Saterland Frisian hööft-, West Frisian haad-, Dutch hoofd-, German Low German höövd-, German haupt-.

Adjective

head (not comparable)

  1. Foremost in rank or importance.
  2. Placed at the top or the front.
  3. Coming from in front.
Synonyms
  • (foremost in rank or importance): chief, principal
  • (placed at the top or the front): first, top
Antonyms
  • (coming from in front): tail
Translations

Anagrams

  • DHEA, ahed, hade

Estonian

Adjective

head

  1. inflection of hea:
    1. partitive singular
    2. plural


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɑːs/
    • (Received Pronunciation, General South African) IPA(key): [pʰɑːs]
    • (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): [pʰäːs], [pʰɐːs]
    • (Boston) IPA(key): [pʰaːs]
  • IPA(key): /pæs/
    • (General American, Canada) IPA(key): [pʰæs], [pʰɛəs], [pʰeəs]
    • (Ireland, Northern England) IPA(key): [pʰas], [pʰæs]
    • (Scotland) IPA(key): [pʰäs]
    • (NYC) IPA(key): [pʰeə̯s]
  • Rhymes: -æs, -ɑːs
  • Hyphenation: pass

Etymology 1

From Middle English passen, from Old French passer (to step, walk, pass), from *Vulgar Latin passāre (step, walk, pass), from Latin passus (a step), pandere (to spread, unfold, stretch), from Proto-Indo-European *pth₂noh₂, from Proto-Indo-European *peth₂- (to spread, stretch out). Cognate with Old English fæþm (armful, fathom). More at fathom.

Alternative forms

  • passe (obsolete)

Verb

pass (third-person singular simple present passes, present participle passing, simple past and past participle passed)

  1. To change place.
    1. (intransitive) To move or be moved from one place to another.
      Synonyms: go, move
    2. (transitive) To go past, by, over, or through; to proceed from one side to the other of; to move past.
      Synonyms: overtake, pass by, pass over
    3. (ditransitive) To cause to move or go; to send; to transfer from one person, place, or condition to another.
      Synonyms: deliver, give, hand, make over, send, transfer, transmit
      • I had only time to pass my eye over the medals.
    4. (intransitive, transitive, medicine) To eliminate (something) from the body by natural processes.
      Synonyms: evacuate, void
    5. (transitive, nautical) To take a turn with (a line, gasket, etc.), as around a sail in furling, and make secure.
    6. (sports) to make a movement
      1. (transitive, soccer) To kick (the ball) with precision rather than at full force.
        • 20 June 2010, The Guardian, Rob Smyth
          Iaquinta passes it coolly into the right-hand corner as Paston dives the other way.
      2. (transitive) To move (the ball or puck) to a teammate.
      3. (intransitive, fencing) To make a lunge or swipe.
        Synonym: thrust
      4. (intransitive, American football) To throw the ball, generally downfield, towards a teammate.
    7. (intransitive) To go from one person to another.
    8. (transitive) To put in circulation; to give currency to.
      Synonyms: circulate, pass around
    9. (transitive) To cause to obtain entrance, admission, or conveyance.
      Synonyms: admit, let in, let past
    10. (transitive, cooking) To put through a sieve.
  2. To change in state or status
    1. (intransitive) To progress from one state to another; to advance.
    2. (intransitive) To depart, to cease, to come to an end.
      • Beauty’s a charm, but soon the charm will pass.
      • 1995, Penny Richards, The Greatest Gift of All:
        The crisis passed as she’d prayed it would, but it remained to be seen just how much damage had been done.
    3. (intransitive) To die.
      Synonyms: pass away, pass on, pass over; see also Thesaurus:die
    4. (intransitive, transitive) To achieve a successful outcome from.
    5. (intransitive, transitive) To advance through all the steps or stages necessary to become valid or effective; to obtain the formal sanction of (a legislative body).
      Synonyms: be accepted by, be passed by
    6. (intransitive, law) To be conveyed or transferred by will, deed, or other instrument of conveyance.
    7. (transitive) To cause to advance by stages of progress; to carry on with success through an ordeal, examination, or action; specifically, to give legal or official sanction to; to ratify; to enact; to approve as valid and just.
      Synonyms: approve, enact, ratify
    8. (intransitive, law) To make a judgment on or upon a person or case.
      • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur, Book X:
        And within three dayes twelve knyghtes passed uppon hem; and they founde Sir Palomydes gylty, and Sir Saphir nat gylty, of the lordis deth.
    9. (transitive) To utter; to pronounce; to pledge.
      Synonyms: pronounce, say, speak, utter
      • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
        Father, thy word is passed.
    10. (intransitive) To change from one state to another (without the implication of progression).
  3. To move through time.
    1. (intransitive, of time) To elapse, to be spent.
      Synonyms: elapse, go by; see also Thesaurus:elapse
    2. (transitive, of time) To spend.
      • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
        To pass commodiously this life.
    3. (transitive) To go by without noticing; to omit attention to; to take no note of; to disregard.
      Synonyms: disregard, ignore, take no notice of; see also Thesaurus:ignore
      • I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array.
    4. (intransitive) To continue.
      Synonyms: continue, go on
    5. (intransitive) To proceed without hindrance or opposition.
    6. (transitive) To live through; to have experience of; to undergo; to suffer.
      Synonyms: bear, endure, suffer, tolerate, undergo; see also Thesaurus:tolerate
    7. (intransitive) To happen.
      Synonyms: happen, occur; see also Thesaurus:happen
      • 1876, The Dilemma, Chapter LIII, republished in Littell’s Living Age, series 5, volume 14, page 274:
        [] for the memory of what passed while at that place is almost blank.
  4. To be accepted.
    1. (intransitive) To be tolerated as a substitute for something else, to “do”.
    2. (sociology) To be accepted by others as a member of a race, sex or other group to which they would not otherwise regard one as belonging (or belonging fully, without qualifier); especially to live and be known as white although one has black ancestry, or to live and be known as female although one was assigned male or vice versa.
  5. To refrain from doing something.
    1. (intransitive) To decline something that is offered or available.
      Coordinate terms: pass on, pass up
    2. (intransitive) To decline or not attempt to answer a question.
    3. (intransitive) In turn-based games, to decline to play in one’s turn.
    4. (intransitive, card games) In euchre, to decline to make the trump.
  6. To do or be better.
    1. (intransitive, obsolete) To go beyond bounds; to surpass; to be in excess.
      Synonyms: exceed, surpass
    2. (transitive) To transcend; to surpass; to excel; to exceed.
      Synonyms: better, exceed, excel, outdo, surpass, transcend; see also Thesaurus:exceed
  7. (intransitive, obsolete) To take heed.
    Synonyms: take heed, take notice; see also Thesaurus:pay attention
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English pas, pase, pace, from passen (to pass).

Noun

pass (plural passes)

  1. An opening, road, or track, available for passing; especially, one through or over some dangerous or otherwise impracticable barrier such as a mountain range; a passageway; a defile; a ford.
    Synonyms: gap, notch
  2. A channel connecting a river or body of water to the sea, for example at the mouth (delta) of a river.
  3. A single movement, especially of a hand, at, over, or along anything.
    • 1921, John Griffin, “Trailing the Grizzly in Oregon”, in Forest and Stream, pages 389-391 and 421-424, republished by Jeanette Prodgers in 1997 in The Only Good Bear is a Dead Bear, page 35:
      [The bear] made a pass at the dog, but he swung out and above him []
  4. A single passage of a tool over something, or of something over a tool.
    Synonym: transit
  5. An attempt.
  6. Success in an examination or similar test.
  7. (fencing) A thrust or push; an attempt to stab or strike an adversary.
    Synonym: thrust
  8. (figuratively) A thrust; a sally of wit.
  9. A sexual advance.
  10. (sports) The act of moving the ball or puck from one player to another.
  11. (rail transport) A passing of two trains in the same direction on a single track, when one is put into a siding to let the other overtake it.
    Antonym: meet
  12. Permission or license to pass, or to go and come.
    • 1826, James Kent, Commentaries on American Law
      A ship sailing under the flag and pass of an enemy.
    Synonyms: access, admission, entry
  13. A document granting permission to pass or to go and come; a passport; a ticket permitting free transit or admission
  14. (baseball) An intentional walk.
  15. (sports) The act of overtaking; an overtaking manoeuvre.
  16. The state of things; condition; predicament; impasse.
    • Matters have been brought to this pass, that, if one among a man’s sons had any blemish, he laid him aside for the ministry…
    Synonyms: condition, predicament, state
  17. (obsolete) Estimation; character.
  18. (obsolete, Chaucer) A part, a division. Compare passus.
  19. (cooking) The area in a restaurant kitchen where the finished dishes are passed from the chefs to the waiting staff.
  20. An act of declining to play one’s turn in a game, often by saying the word “pass”.
  21. (computing) A run through a document as part of a translation, compilation or reformatting process.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

Short for password.

Noun

pass (plural passes)

  1. (computing, slang) A password (especially one for a restricted-access website).
    • 1999, “Jonny Durango”, IMPORTANT NEWS FOR AHM IRC CHAN!!! (on newsgroup alt.hackers.malicious)
      If you don’t have your password set within a week I’ll remove you from the userlist and I’ll add you again next time I see you in the chan and make sure you set a pass.
Translations

Further reading

  • pass in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • pass in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • pass at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • APSS, ASPs, PSAS, PSAs, SAPs, asps, saps, spas

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [pʰasː]

Noun

pass n (genitive singular pass, plural pass)

  1. passport

Declension


German

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -as

Verb

pass

  1. singular imperative of passen

Lombard

Etymology

From Latin passus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [pas]

Noun

pass ?

  1. step
  2. mountain pass

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

pass n (definite singular passet, indefinite plural pass, definite plural passa or passene)

  1. a passport (travel document)
  2. a pass (fjellpass – mountain pass)

Derived terms

  • barnepass (from the verb passe)
  • fjellpass
  • passbilde
  • passfoto

Verb

pass

  1. imperative of passe

References

  • “pass” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

pass n (definite singular passet, indefinite plural pass, definite plural passa)

  1. a passport (travel document)
  2. a pass, mountain pass

Derived terms

  • barnepass (from the verb passe)
  • fjellpass
  • passbilde, passbilete
  • passfoto

References

  • “pass” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From German, originally from Italian passo

Noun

pass n

  1. passport (document granting permission to pass)
  2. place which you (must) pass or is passing; mountain pass
  3. pace; a kind of gait
  4. place where a hunter hunts; place where a policeman patrols
  5. spell (a period of duty); shift
  6. leave notice (document granting permission to leave) (from prison)
Declension
Synonyms
  • genomfart, överfart, passage
  • leave notice: permissionssedel, permissionspass
Derived terms
  • passa
  • passlig
  • till pass

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

pass c

  1. (ball sports) pass; a transfer of the ball from one player to another in the same team
Declension
Synonyms
  • passning
Derived terms

Anagrams

  • asps

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