heart vs pump what difference

what is difference between heart and pump

English

Alternative forms

  • hart, harte, hearte (all obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English herte, from Old English heorte (heart), from Proto-West Germanic *hertā, from Proto-Germanic *hertô (heart), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr (heart). Doublet of cardia.

Most of the modern figurative senses (such as passion or compassion, spirit, inmost feelings, especially love, affection, and courage) were present in Old English. However, the meaning “center” dates from the early 14th century.

The verb sense “to love” is from the 1977 I ❤ NY advertising campaign.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hɑːt/
  • (General American) enPR: härt, IPA(key): /hɑɹt/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)t
  • Homophone: hart

Noun

heart (countable and uncountable, plural hearts)

  1. (anatomy) A muscular organ that pumps blood through the body, traditionally thought to be the seat of emotion.
  2. (uncountable) Emotions, kindness, moral effort, or spirit in general.
    • 2008, “Rights trampled in rush to deport immigrant workers,” Quaker Action (magazine), vol. 89, no. 3, page 8:
      “We provided a lot of brains and a lot of heart to the response when it was needed,” says Sandra Sanchez, director of AFSC’s Immigrants’ Voice Program in Des Moines.
    • Here is my secret. It is very simple: It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye. (Antoine de Saint Exupéry, The Little Prince, 1943)
  3. The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, etc.; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; usually in a good sense; personality.
  4. Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.
    Synonyms: bravery, nerve; see also Thesaurus:courage
    • c. 1679, William Temple, Essay
      The expelled nations take heart, and when they fled from one country, invaded another.
  5. Vigorous and efficient activity; power of fertile production; condition of the soil, whether good or bad.
  6. (archaic) A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address.
    Synonyms: honey, sugar; see also Thesaurus:sweetheart
    • c. 1596-99, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 2, Act V scene v[4]:
      My King, my Jove, I speak to thee, my heart!
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I scene ii[5]:
      Awake, dear heart, awake. Thou hast slept well.
      Awake.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, pp. 9–10:
      Certain unscrupulous men may call upon you here in your dressing-room. They will lavish you with flowers, with compliments, with phials of Hungary water and methuselahs of the costliest champagne. You must be wary of such men, my hearts, they are not to be trusted.
  7. Personality, disposition.
  8. (figuratively) A wight or being.
    • c. 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II scene i[6]:
      [] I would outstare the sternest eyes that look, / Outbrave the heart most daring on earth, / Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear, / Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey, []
  9. A conventional shape or symbol used to represent the heart, love, or emotion: ♥ or sometimes <3.
  10. A playing card of the suit hearts featuring one or more heart-shaped symbols.
  11. (cartomancy) The twenty-fourth Lenormand card.
  12. (figuratively) The centre, essence, or core.
    Synonyms: crux, gist; see also Thesaurus:gist

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Torres Strait Creole: at
  • Bengali: হার্ট (harṭ)
  • Cebuano: Heart
  • Irish: hart
  • Japanese: ハート (hāto); ハツ (hatsu) (from hearts)
  • Korean: 하트 (hateu)

Translations

See heart/translations § Noun.

Verb

heart (third-person singular simple present hearts, present participle hearting, simple past and past participle hearted)

  1. (transitive, humorous, informal) To be fond of. Often bracketed or abbreviated with a heart symbol. [from late 20th c.]
    Synonyms: love, less than three
    • 2001 April 6, Michael Baldwin, “The Heart Has Its Reasons”, Commonweal
      We’re but the sum of all our terrors until we heart the dove.
    • 2006, Susan Reinhardt, Bulldog doesn’t have to rely on the kindness of strangers to draw attention, Citizen-Times.com
      I guess at this point we were supposed to feel elated she’d come to her senses and decided she hearts dogs after all.
    • 2008 January 30, “Cheese in our time: Blur and Oasis to end feud with a Stilton”, The Guardian (London)
      The further we delve into this “story”, the more convinced we become of one thing: We heart the Goss.
    • 2008 July 25, “The Media Hearts Obama?”, On The Media, National Public Radio
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To give heart to; to hearten; to encourage.
  3. (transitive, masonry) To fill an interior with rubble, as a wall or a breakwater.
  4. (intransitive, agriculture, botany) To form a dense cluster of leaves, a heart, especially of lettuce or cabbage.

References

Further reading

  • heart on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Earth, Erath, Harte, Herat, Herta, Rathe, Taher, Terah, Thera, earth, hater, rathe, rehat, th’are, thare


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: pŭmp, IPA(key): /pʌmp/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmp

Etymology 1

From Middle English pumpe, possibly from Middle Dutch pompe (pipe, water conduit) or Middle Low German pumpe (pump). Compare Dutch pompen, German pumpen, and Danish pompe.

Noun

pump (plural pumps)

  1. A device for moving or compressing a liquid or gas.
  2. An instance of the action of a pump; one stroke of a pump; any action similar to pumping
  3. A device for dispensing liquid or gas to be sold, particularly fuel.
  4. (bodybuilding, climbing) A swelling of the muscles caused by increased blood flow following high intensity weightlifting.
    • 2010, Eric Velazquez, “Power Pairings”, Reps! 17:83
      Want a skin-stretching pump? Up the volume by using high-rep sets.
      A great pump is better than coming. (Arnold Schwarzenegger)
  5. (colloquial) A ride on a bicycle given to a passenger, usually on the handlebars or fender.
  6. (US, obsolete, slang) The heart.
  7. (obsolete, vulgar, British slang) The vagina.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:vagina
Translations

Verb

pump (third-person singular simple present pumps, present participle pumping, simple past and past participle pumped)

  1. (transitive) To use a pump to move (liquid or gas).
  2. (transitive, often followed by up) To fill with air.
  3. (transitive) To move rhythmically, as the motion of a pump.
  4. (transitive) To shake (a person’s hand) vigorously.
    Synonym: handshake
  5. (transitive) To gain information from (a person) by persistent questioning.
    Synonyms: grill, interrogate
    • 1682, Thomas Otway, Venice Preserv’d
      But pump not me for politics.
  6. (intransitive) To use a pump to move liquid or gas.
  7. (intransitive, slang) To be going very well.
  8. (sports) To kick, throw or hit the ball far and high.
  9. (Britain, slang, vulgar, childish) To pass gas; to fart.
    Synonyms: trump; see also Thesaurus:flatulate
  10. (computing) To pass (messages) into a program so that it can obey them.
    • 2006, Andrew Troelsen, Pro C# 2005 and the .NET 2.0 Platform
      Sure enough, rather than pumping a message to the Console window, you will now see a message box displaying your message
    • 2008, Joe Duffy, Concurrent Programming on Windows
      The CLR pumps messages automatically during a wait, reducing the likelihood of this but it can show up in native code.
    • c. 2012, Microsoft, .NET Framework 4.5 documentation for Marshal.CleanupUnusedObjectsInCurrentContext
      The interop system pumps messages while it attempts to clean up RCWs.
  11. (obsolete, British slang) To copulate.
    Synonyms: bang; see also Thesaurus:copulate, Thesaurus:copulate with
  12. (bodybuilding) To weightlift.
    Synonyms: big up, lift, pump iron
Descendants
  • Czech: pumpovat
Translations

Descendants

  • Thai: ปั๊ม (bpám)

Etymology 2

The etymology of the term is unclear and disputed. One possibility is that it comes from pomp (ornamentation). Another is that it refers to the sound made by the foot moving inside the shoe when dancing. The Oxford English Dictionary claims that it appeared in the 16th century, and lists its origin as “obscure”. It has also been linked to the Dutch pampoesje, possibly borrowed from Javanese pampus, ultimately from Persian پاپوش(pâpuš), borrowed from Arabic بَابُوش(bābūš).

Noun

pump (plural pumps)

  1. (Britain) A type of shoe, a trainer or sneaker.
    Synonyms: dap, (UK) plimsoll, sneaker, trainer
  2. (chiefly Canada, US) A type of women’s shoe which leaves the instep uncovered and has a relatively high heel, especially a stiletto (with a very high and thin heel)
  3. A dancing shoe.
  4. A type of shoe without a heel.
Translations

Derived terms

References

Anagrams

  • UMPP

Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

pump

  1. imperative of pumpe

Swedish

Etymology

From Dutch pomp (ship’s pump)

Noun

pump c

  1. a pump

Declension

Related terms

References

  • pump in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)

Anagrams

  • mupp

Welsh

Alternative forms

  • pum (when followed by a singular noun)

Etymology

From Middle Welsh pymp, from Old Welsh pimp, from Proto-Brythonic *pɨmp, from Proto-Celtic *kʷinkʷe, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe.

Pronunciation

  • (North Wales) IPA(key): /pɨ̞mp/
  • (South Wales) IPA(key): /pɪmp/

Numeral

pump (before nouns pum)

  1. five

Mutation

References

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “pump”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

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