heart vs spirit what difference

what is difference between heart and spirit

English

Alternative forms

  • hart, harte, hearte (all obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English herte, from Old English heorte (heart), from Proto-West Germanic *hertā, from Proto-Germanic *hertô (heart), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr (heart). Doublet of cardia.

Most of the modern figurative senses (such as passion or compassion, spirit, inmost feelings, especially love, affection, and courage) were present in Old English. However, the meaning “center” dates from the early 14th century.

The verb sense “to love” is from the 1977 I ❤ NY advertising campaign.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hɑːt/
  • (General American) enPR: härt, IPA(key): /hɑɹt/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)t
  • Homophone: hart

Noun

heart (countable and uncountable, plural hearts)

  1. (anatomy) A muscular organ that pumps blood through the body, traditionally thought to be the seat of emotion.
  2. (uncountable) Emotions, kindness, moral effort, or spirit in general.
    • 2008, “Rights trampled in rush to deport immigrant workers,” Quaker Action (magazine), vol. 89, no. 3, page 8:
      “We provided a lot of brains and a lot of heart to the response when it was needed,” says Sandra Sanchez, director of AFSC’s Immigrants’ Voice Program in Des Moines.
    • Here is my secret. It is very simple: It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye. (Antoine de Saint Exupéry, The Little Prince, 1943)
  3. The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, etc.; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; usually in a good sense; personality.
  4. Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.
    Synonyms: bravery, nerve; see also Thesaurus:courage
    • c. 1679, William Temple, Essay
      The expelled nations take heart, and when they fled from one country, invaded another.
  5. Vigorous and efficient activity; power of fertile production; condition of the soil, whether good or bad.
  6. (archaic) A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address.
    Synonyms: honey, sugar; see also Thesaurus:sweetheart
    • c. 1596-99, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 2, Act V scene v[4]:
      My King, my Jove, I speak to thee, my heart!
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I scene ii[5]:
      Awake, dear heart, awake. Thou hast slept well.
      Awake.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, pp. 9–10:
      Certain unscrupulous men may call upon you here in your dressing-room. They will lavish you with flowers, with compliments, with phials of Hungary water and methuselahs of the costliest champagne. You must be wary of such men, my hearts, they are not to be trusted.
  7. Personality, disposition.
  8. (figuratively) A wight or being.
    • c. 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II scene i[6]:
      [] I would outstare the sternest eyes that look, / Outbrave the heart most daring on earth, / Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear, / Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey, []
  9. A conventional shape or symbol used to represent the heart, love, or emotion: ♥ or sometimes <3.
  10. A playing card of the suit hearts featuring one or more heart-shaped symbols.
  11. (cartomancy) The twenty-fourth Lenormand card.
  12. (figuratively) The centre, essence, or core.
    Synonyms: crux, gist; see also Thesaurus:gist

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Torres Strait Creole: at
  • Bengali: হার্ট (harṭ)
  • Cebuano: Heart
  • Irish: hart
  • Japanese: ハート (hāto); ハツ (hatsu) (from hearts)
  • Korean: 하트 (hateu)

Translations

See heart/translations § Noun.

Verb

heart (third-person singular simple present hearts, present participle hearting, simple past and past participle hearted)

  1. (transitive, humorous, informal) To be fond of. Often bracketed or abbreviated with a heart symbol. [from late 20th c.]
    Synonyms: love, less than three
    • 2001 April 6, Michael Baldwin, “The Heart Has Its Reasons”, Commonweal
      We’re but the sum of all our terrors until we heart the dove.
    • 2006, Susan Reinhardt, Bulldog doesn’t have to rely on the kindness of strangers to draw attention, Citizen-Times.com
      I guess at this point we were supposed to feel elated she’d come to her senses and decided she hearts dogs after all.
    • 2008 January 30, “Cheese in our time: Blur and Oasis to end feud with a Stilton”, The Guardian (London)
      The further we delve into this “story”, the more convinced we become of one thing: We heart the Goss.
    • 2008 July 25, “The Media Hearts Obama?”, On The Media, National Public Radio
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To give heart to; to hearten; to encourage.
  3. (transitive, masonry) To fill an interior with rubble, as a wall or a breakwater.
  4. (intransitive, agriculture, botany) To form a dense cluster of leaves, a heart, especially of lettuce or cabbage.

References

Further reading

  • heart on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Earth, Erath, Harte, Herat, Herta, Rathe, Taher, Terah, Thera, earth, hater, rathe, rehat, th’are, thare


English

Etymology

From Middle English spirit, from Old French espirit (spirit), from Latin spīritus (breath; spirit), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe). Compare inspire, respire, transpire, all ultimately from Latin spīrō (I breathe, blow, respire). Displaced native Middle English gast (spirit) (from Old English gāst (spirit, ghost)), whence modern English ghost. Doublet of sprite.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈspɪɹɪt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈspiɹɪt/, /ˈspɪɹɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪɹɪt
  • Hyphenation: spir‧it

Noun

spirit (countable and uncountable, plural spirits)

  1. The soul of a person or other creature. What moves through experience into self-definition as souls purpose.
  2. A supernatural being, often but not exclusively without physical form; ghost, fairy, angel.
    A wandering spirit haunts the island.
    • 1693, John Locke, Some Thoughts Concerning Education
      Whilst young, preserve his tender mind from all impressions and notions of spirits and goblins [] in the dark.
  3. Enthusiasm.
  4. The manner or style of something.
  5. (usually in the plural) A volatile liquid, such as alcohol. The plural form spirits is a generic term for distilled alcoholic beverages.
  6. Energy; ardour.
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, The Church History of Britain
      “Write it then, quickly,” replied Bede; and summoning all his spirits together, like the last blaze of a candle going out, he indited it, and expired.
  7. One who is vivacious or lively; one who evinces great activity or peculiar characteristics of mind or temper.
    a ruling spirit; a schismatic spirit
    • 1697, John Dryden, Aeneid
      Such spirits as he desired to please, such would I choose for my judges.
  8. (often in the plural) Temper or disposition of mind; mental condition or disposition; intellectual or moral state.
    to be cheerful, or in good spirits; to be down-hearted, or in bad spirits
    • 1667, Robert South, Sermon VII
      God has [] made a spirit of building succeed a spirit of pulling down.
  9. (obsolete) Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes, life itself.
  10. (obsolete) A rough breathing; an aspirate, such as the letter h; also, a mark denoting aspiration.
    • 1640, Ben Jonson, The English Grammar
      Be it a letter or spirit, we have great use of it.
  11. Intent; real meaning; opposed to the letter, or formal statement.
    the spirit of an enterprise, or of a document
  12. (alchemy, obsolete) Any of the four substances: sulphur, sal ammoniac, quicksilver, and arsenic (or, according to some, orpiment).
    • the foure spirites and the bodyes seven
  13. (dyeing) Stannic chloride.

Derived terms

Pages starting with “spirit”.

Translations

See also

  • ghost
  • soul

Verb

spirit (third-person singular simple present spirits, present participle spiriting, simple past and past participle spirited)

  1. To carry off, especially in haste, secrecy, or mystery.
    • 1835, Nathaniel Parker Willis, Pencillings by the Way:
      I felt as if I had been spirited into some castle of felicity.
  2. Sometimes followed by up: to animate with vigour; to excite; to encourage; to inspirit.

Derived terms

  • spirit away
  • spirit off

Anagrams

  • Tripis, pitris

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch spirit, from English spirit, from Middle English spirit, from Old French espirit (spirit), from Latin spīritus (breath; spirit), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe). Doublet of spiritus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈspirɪt̪̚]
  • Hyphenation: spi‧rit

Noun

spirit (plural spirit-spirit, first-person possessive spiritku, second-person possessive spiritmu, third-person possessive spiritnya)

  1. spirit:
    1. the soul of a person or other creature. What moves through experience into self-definition as souls purpose.
      Synonyms: arwah, atma, jiwa, hidup, kehidupan, nyawa, roh, sukma
    2. a supernatural being, often but not exclusively without physical form; ghost, fairy, angel.
      Synonyms: arwah, roh
    3. (figuratively) enthusiasm, energy; ardour.
      Synonyms: roh, semangat, spirit

Related terms

Further reading

  • “spirit” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin spiritus. Compare also spiriduș.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈspirit/

Noun

spirit n (plural spirite)

  1. spirit, ghost
  2. essence, psyche
  3. wit, genius
  4. manner, style

Declension

Synonyms

  • (spirit, ghost): duh

Related terms

  • spiriduș

See also

  • nălucă, stafie, spectru, apariție, fantomă

Tok Pisin

Etymology

English spirit

Noun

spirit

  1. spirit (physical form of God)


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