heart vs spunk what difference

what is difference between heart and spunk

English

Alternative forms

  • hart, harte, hearte (all obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English herte, from Old English heorte (heart), from Proto-West Germanic *hertā, from Proto-Germanic *hertô (heart), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr (heart). Doublet of cardia.

Most of the modern figurative senses (such as passion or compassion, spirit, inmost feelings, especially love, affection, and courage) were present in Old English. However, the meaning “center” dates from the early 14th century.

The verb sense “to love” is from the 1977 I ❤ NY advertising campaign.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hɑːt/
  • (General American) enPR: härt, IPA(key): /hɑɹt/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)t
  • Homophone: hart

Noun

heart (countable and uncountable, plural hearts)

  1. (anatomy) A muscular organ that pumps blood through the body, traditionally thought to be the seat of emotion.
  2. (uncountable) Emotions, kindness, moral effort, or spirit in general.
    • 2008, “Rights trampled in rush to deport immigrant workers,” Quaker Action (magazine), vol. 89, no. 3, page 8:
      “We provided a lot of brains and a lot of heart to the response when it was needed,” says Sandra Sanchez, director of AFSC’s Immigrants’ Voice Program in Des Moines.
    • Here is my secret. It is very simple: It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye. (Antoine de Saint Exupéry, The Little Prince, 1943)
  3. The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, etc.; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; usually in a good sense; personality.
  4. Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.
    Synonyms: bravery, nerve; see also Thesaurus:courage
    • c. 1679, William Temple, Essay
      The expelled nations take heart, and when they fled from one country, invaded another.
  5. Vigorous and efficient activity; power of fertile production; condition of the soil, whether good or bad.
  6. (archaic) A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address.
    Synonyms: honey, sugar; see also Thesaurus:sweetheart
    • c. 1596-99, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 2, Act V scene v[4]:
      My King, my Jove, I speak to thee, my heart!
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I scene ii[5]:
      Awake, dear heart, awake. Thou hast slept well.
      Awake.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, pp. 9–10:
      Certain unscrupulous men may call upon you here in your dressing-room. They will lavish you with flowers, with compliments, with phials of Hungary water and methuselahs of the costliest champagne. You must be wary of such men, my hearts, they are not to be trusted.
  7. Personality, disposition.
  8. (figuratively) A wight or being.
    • c. 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II scene i[6]:
      [] I would outstare the sternest eyes that look, / Outbrave the heart most daring on earth, / Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear, / Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey, []
  9. A conventional shape or symbol used to represent the heart, love, or emotion: ♥ or sometimes <3.
  10. A playing card of the suit hearts featuring one or more heart-shaped symbols.
  11. (cartomancy) The twenty-fourth Lenormand card.
  12. (figuratively) The centre, essence, or core.
    Synonyms: crux, gist; see also Thesaurus:gist

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Torres Strait Creole: at
  • Bengali: হার্ট (harṭ)
  • Cebuano: Heart
  • Irish: hart
  • Japanese: ハート (hāto); ハツ (hatsu) (from hearts)
  • Korean: 하트 (hateu)

Translations

See heart/translations § Noun.

Verb

heart (third-person singular simple present hearts, present participle hearting, simple past and past participle hearted)

  1. (transitive, humorous, informal) To be fond of. Often bracketed or abbreviated with a heart symbol. [from late 20th c.]
    Synonyms: love, less than three
    • 2001 April 6, Michael Baldwin, “The Heart Has Its Reasons”, Commonweal
      We’re but the sum of all our terrors until we heart the dove.
    • 2006, Susan Reinhardt, Bulldog doesn’t have to rely on the kindness of strangers to draw attention, Citizen-Times.com
      I guess at this point we were supposed to feel elated she’d come to her senses and decided she hearts dogs after all.
    • 2008 January 30, “Cheese in our time: Blur and Oasis to end feud with a Stilton”, The Guardian (London)
      The further we delve into this “story”, the more convinced we become of one thing: We heart the Goss.
    • 2008 July 25, “The Media Hearts Obama?”, On The Media, National Public Radio
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To give heart to; to hearten; to encourage.
  3. (transitive, masonry) To fill an interior with rubble, as a wall or a breakwater.
  4. (intransitive, agriculture, botany) To form a dense cluster of leaves, a heart, especially of lettuce or cabbage.

References

Further reading

  • heart on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Earth, Erath, Harte, Herat, Herta, Rathe, Taher, Terah, Thera, earth, hater, rathe, rehat, th’are, thare


English

Etymology

1530, blend of spark +‎ funk (obsolete, spark). Also, merging with spunck, 1582, ultimately from Old Irish sponc, from Latin spongia (sponge).

Funk (spark, touchwood) is from Middle English funke, fonke (spark), from Old English *funce (spark), *fanca, from Proto-Germanic *funkô, *fankô (spark), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peng-, *(s)pheng- (to shine), and is akin to Middle Low German funke, fanke (spark), Middle Dutch vonke (spark), Old High German funcho, funko (spark), German Funke (spark).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /spʌŋk/
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋk

Noun

spunk (usually uncountable, plural spunks)

  1. (countable, obsolete) A spark.
  2. (uncountable) Touchwood; tinder.
    • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, II.5:
      Spunk, or Touch-wood prepared, might perhaps make it Russet: and some, as Beringuccio affirmeth, have promised to make it Red.
    • 1665, Robert Hooke, Micrographia, XXII:
      A piece of Touch-wood (which is a kind of Jews-ear, or Mushrom, growing here in England also, on several sorts of Trees, such as Elders, Maples, Willows, &c. and is commonly call’d by the name of Spunk […]).
  3. (countable, chiefly Scotland, obsolete) A piece of tinder, sometimes impregnated with sulphur; a match.
    • 1829, Society for Relief of the Destitute Sick (Edinburgh), Report, page 7,
      At present, her only means of procuring subsistence for herself and children, is by making spunks or matches, which, either she or her eldest child, a girl about six years of age, sells from door to door.
    • 1843, John Wilson, John Gibson Lockhart, William Maginn, James Hogg, The Noctes Ambrosianæ of “Blackwood”, Volume IV, page 396,
      Spunksspunksspunks — who will buy my spunks?” — cried an errant voice with a beseeching earnestness [] .
  4. (uncountable) Courage; spirit; mettle; determination.
    • 1920 August, Edward Leonard, Old Zeke′s Mule, Boys′ Life, 55,
      “I reckon I′m as good as a mule,” he declared. “Maria knows what that desert is as well as we do, but she′s got more spunk than either of us. I’m not going to let any mule show more spunk than me.”
    • 1991, Lindsey Hanks, (copyright Linda Chesnutt, Georgia Pierce), Long Texas Night, Zebra Books, US, page 26,
      “You’ve got spunk, missy, I′ll have to say that for you. Maybe with your spunk and my good looks we can get this place in shape again.”
      It was Sarah′s turn to laugh.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:spunk.
  5. (countable, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, slang) An attractive person (normally male).
    Synonyms: Adonis, beefcake, hunk
    • 2005, Sue Austin, Women′s Aggressive Fantasies: A Post-Jungian Exploration of Self-Hatred, Love and Agency, Routledge, UK, page 166,
      We are welcomed by 20 year old spunks, as we make a last valiant attempt with our bodies – gasp, gasp – and try to get back in shape.
  6. (uncountable, chiefly Britain, vulgar, slang) Semen.
    • 2007, Debra Hyde, Kidnapped, Violet Blue (editor), Lust: Erotic Fantasies for Women, 2010, ReadHowYouWant, page 188,
      It was runny stuff and, as she felt Brain loosen his hold on the drawstrings, Cackle’s spunk dripped onto the shelf of her chin.

Derived terms

  • spunky

Translations

Verb

spunk (third-person singular simple present spunks, present participle spunking, simple past and past participle spunked)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To catch fire; flame up.
  2. (intransitive, slang, vulgar) To ejaculate.
  3. (transitive, slang, vulgar) To waste (money etc.).

Anagrams

  • punks

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