heart vs substance what difference

what is difference between heart and substance

English

Alternative forms

  • hart, harte, hearte (all obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English herte, from Old English heorte (heart), from Proto-West Germanic *hertā, from Proto-Germanic *hertô (heart), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr (heart). Doublet of cardia.

Most of the modern figurative senses (such as passion or compassion, spirit, inmost feelings, especially love, affection, and courage) were present in Old English. However, the meaning “center” dates from the early 14th century.

The verb sense “to love” is from the 1977 I ❤ NY advertising campaign.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /hɑːt/
  • (General American) enPR: härt, IPA(key): /hɑɹt/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)t
  • Homophone: hart

Noun

heart (countable and uncountable, plural hearts)

  1. (anatomy) A muscular organ that pumps blood through the body, traditionally thought to be the seat of emotion.
  2. (uncountable) Emotions, kindness, moral effort, or spirit in general.
    • 2008, “Rights trampled in rush to deport immigrant workers,” Quaker Action (magazine), vol. 89, no. 3, page 8:
      “We provided a lot of brains and a lot of heart to the response when it was needed,” says Sandra Sanchez, director of AFSC’s Immigrants’ Voice Program in Des Moines.
    • Here is my secret. It is very simple: It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye. (Antoine de Saint Exupéry, The Little Prince, 1943)
  3. The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, etc.; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; usually in a good sense; personality.
  4. Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.
    Synonyms: bravery, nerve; see also Thesaurus:courage
    • c. 1679, William Temple, Essay
      The expelled nations take heart, and when they fled from one country, invaded another.
  5. Vigorous and efficient activity; power of fertile production; condition of the soil, whether good or bad.
  6. (archaic) A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address.
    Synonyms: honey, sugar; see also Thesaurus:sweetheart
    • c. 1596-99, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 2, Act V scene v[4]:
      My King, my Jove, I speak to thee, my heart!
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I scene ii[5]:
      Awake, dear heart, awake. Thou hast slept well.
      Awake.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, pp. 9–10:
      Certain unscrupulous men may call upon you here in your dressing-room. They will lavish you with flowers, with compliments, with phials of Hungary water and methuselahs of the costliest champagne. You must be wary of such men, my hearts, they are not to be trusted.
  7. Personality, disposition.
  8. (figuratively) A wight or being.
    • c. 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II scene i[6]:
      [] I would outstare the sternest eyes that look, / Outbrave the heart most daring on earth, / Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear, / Yea, mock the lion when he roars for prey, []
  9. A conventional shape or symbol used to represent the heart, love, or emotion: ♥ or sometimes <3.
  10. A playing card of the suit hearts featuring one or more heart-shaped symbols.
  11. (cartomancy) The twenty-fourth Lenormand card.
  12. (figuratively) The centre, essence, or core.
    Synonyms: crux, gist; see also Thesaurus:gist

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Torres Strait Creole: at
  • Bengali: হার্ট (harṭ)
  • Cebuano: Heart
  • Irish: hart
  • Japanese: ハート (hāto); ハツ (hatsu) (from hearts)
  • Korean: 하트 (hateu)

Translations

See heart/translations § Noun.

Verb

heart (third-person singular simple present hearts, present participle hearting, simple past and past participle hearted)

  1. (transitive, humorous, informal) To be fond of. Often bracketed or abbreviated with a heart symbol. [from late 20th c.]
    Synonyms: love, less than three
    • 2001 April 6, Michael Baldwin, “The Heart Has Its Reasons”, Commonweal
      We’re but the sum of all our terrors until we heart the dove.
    • 2006, Susan Reinhardt, Bulldog doesn’t have to rely on the kindness of strangers to draw attention, Citizen-Times.com
      I guess at this point we were supposed to feel elated she’d come to her senses and decided she hearts dogs after all.
    • 2008 January 30, “Cheese in our time: Blur and Oasis to end feud with a Stilton”, The Guardian (London)
      The further we delve into this “story”, the more convinced we become of one thing: We heart the Goss.
    • 2008 July 25, “The Media Hearts Obama?”, On The Media, National Public Radio
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To give heart to; to hearten; to encourage.
  3. (transitive, masonry) To fill an interior with rubble, as a wall or a breakwater.
  4. (intransitive, agriculture, botany) To form a dense cluster of leaves, a heart, especially of lettuce or cabbage.

References

Further reading

  • heart on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Earth, Erath, Harte, Herat, Herta, Rathe, Taher, Terah, Thera, earth, hater, rathe, rehat, th’are, thare


English

Alternative forms

  • substaunce (archaic)

Etymology

From Middle English substance, from Old French substance, from Latin substantia (substance, essence), from substāns, present active participle of substō (exist, literally stand under), from sub + stō (stand).

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsʌbstəns/, [ˈsʌbstənts]

Noun

substance (countable and uncountable, plural substances)

  1. Physical matter; material.
    • 1699, William Temple, Heads designed for an essay on conversations
      Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace: the first apt to give stiffness, the other suppleness: one gives substance and form to the statue, the other polishes it.
    Synonyms: matter, stuff
  2. The essential part of anything; the most vital part.
    • Heroic virtue did his actions guide, / And he the substance, not the appearance, chose.
    • 1684-1690, Thomas Burnet, Sacred Theory of the Earth
      This edition is the same in substance with the Latin.
    • 1796, Edmund Burke, Letters on a Regicide Peace
      It is insolent in words, in manner; but in substance it is not only insulting, but alarming.
    Synonyms: crux, gist
  3. Substantiality; solidity; firmness.
  4. Material possessions; estate; property; resources.
    • And there wasted his substance with riotous living.
  5. A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties.
  6. Drugs (illegal narcotics)
    Synonyms: dope, gear
  7. (theology) Hypostasis.

Synonyms

  • (physical matter): See also Thesaurus:substance
  • (essential part of anything): See also Thesaurus:gist
  • (drugs): See also Thesaurus:recreational drug

Related terms

Translations

Verb

substance (third-person singular simple present substances, present participle substancing, simple past and past participle substanced)

  1. (rare, transitive) To give substance to; to make real or substantial.

See also

  • style

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin substantia (substance, essence), from substāns, present active participle of substō (exist, literally stand under), from sub + stō (stand).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /syp.stɑ̃s/
  • Rhymes: -ɑ̃s

Noun

substance f (plural substances)

  1. substance

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “substance” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • cubassent

Middle English

Etymology

From Old French substance.

Noun

substance

  1. essence

Descendants

  • English: substance

Old French

Alternative forms

  • sostance, sustance

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin substantia.

Noun

substance f (oblique plural substances, nominative singular substance, nominative plural substances)

  1. most essential; substantial part
  2. existence

Related terms

  • substantiel

Descendants


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