hearty vs lusty what difference

what is difference between hearty and lusty

English

Etymology

Equivalent to heart +‎ -y.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈhɑɹti/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhɑːti/
  • Hyphenation: hearty
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)ti

Adjective

hearty (comparative heartier, superlative heartiest)

  1. warm and cordial towards another person
    • c. 1603, John Marston, The Malcontent, Act IV, scene I:
      We, full of hearty tears / For our good father’s loss
  2. Energetic, active or eager.
  3. Cheerful, vivacious.
  4. Exhibiting strength; firm
  5. Promoting strength; nourishing.
    • 1927-29, M.K. Gandhi, The Story of My Experiments with Truth, translated 1940 by Mahadev Desai, Part I, Chapter xiv:
      I launched out in search of a vegetarian restaurant. [] I would trot ten or twelve miles each day, go into a cheap restaurant and eat my fill of bread, but would never be satisfied. During these wanderings I once hit on a vegetarian restaurant in Farringdon Street. The sight of it filled me with the same joy that a child feels on getting a thing after its own heart. Before I entered I noticed books for sale exhibited under a glass window near the door. I saw among them Salt’s Plea for Vegetarianism. This I purchased for a shilling and went straight to the dining room. This was my first hearty meal since my arrival in England.

Synonyms

  • sincere; real; unfeigned; undissembled; cordial; earnest; warm; zealous; ardent; eager; active; vigorous.

Derived terms

  • heartily
  • heartiness

Translations

Noun

hearty (plural hearties)

  1. (obsolete or humorous nautical) a term of familiar address and fellowship among sailors.

Anagrams

  • Hayter, Thayer, aethyr, earthy, heyrat, yearth


English

Alternative forms

  • lustie (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English lusty (mirthful, pleasant, delicious, delightful), equivalent to lust +‎ -y. Compare Saterland Frisian lustich (amusing),
West Frisian lustich (amusing, funny), Dutch lustig (cheerful), German lustig (amusing), Danish lystig (merry), Swedish lustig (funny).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lʌsti/
  • Rhymes: -ʌsti

Adjective

lusty (comparative lustier, superlative lustiest)

  1. Exhibiting lust (in the obsolete sense meaning “vigor”); strong, healthy, robust; vigorous; full of sap or vitality.
  2. Hearty, merry, gleesome, enthusiastic, lively, stirring.
  3. (obsolete or informal) Given to experiencing lust; enjoying physical sensations; lustful.
  4. (obsolete) Beautiful; handsome; pleasant.
    • So lovedst thou the lusty Hyacinct;
      So lovedst thou the faire Čoronis deare.
  5. (obsolete) Of large size; big.
    • I thought to have embarked in the evening, but, for fear of pirates plying near the coast, I durst not trust our small vessel, and stayed till Monday following, when two or three lusty vessels were to depart.
    1. (obsolete, rare) With child.

Derived terms

  • lustihead
  • lustihood
  • lustily
  • lustiness

See also

  • lustful
  • lustuous

References

  • lusty in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • “lusty”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • lusti

Etymology

From lust +‎ -y, though note Old Norse lostigr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlustiː/

Adjective

lusty

  1. pleasant, delightful
  2. eager, happy
  3. fine, good
  4. good-quality, useful
  5. life-giving
  6. lustful

Descendants

  • English: lusty

References

  • “lustī, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-03-29.

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