heave vs heft what difference

what is difference between heave and heft

English

Etymology

From Middle English heven, hebben, from Old English hebban, from Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (to take up, lift), from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyéti, from the root *keh₂p-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hiːv/
  • Rhymes: -iːv

Verb

heave (third-person singular simple present heaves, present participle heaving, simple past heaved or hove, past participle heaved or hove or hoven or heft)

  1. (transitive) To lift with difficulty; to raise with some effort; to lift (a heavy thing).
    We heaved the chest-of-drawers on to the second-floor landing.
  2. (transitive) To throw, cast.
    They heaved rocks into the pond.
    The cap’n hove the body overboard.
  3. (intransitive) To rise and fall.
    Her chest heaved with emotion.
    • Frequent for breath his panting bosom heaves.
  4. (transitive) To utter with effort.
    She heaved a sigh and stared out of the window.
  5. (transitive, nautical) To pull up with a rope or cable.
    Heave up the anchor there, boys!
  6. (transitive, archaic) To lift (generally); to raise, or cause to move upwards (particularly in ships or vehicles) or forwards.
    • 1647, Robert Herrick, Noble Numbers
      Here a little child I stand, / Heaving up my either hand.
  7. (intransitive) To be thrown up or raised; to rise upward, as a tower or mound.
    • 1751, Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
      where heaves the turf in many a mouldering heap
    • 17 June, 1857, Edward Everett, The Statue of Warren
      the heaving sods of Bunker Hill
  8. (transitive, mining, geology) To displace (a vein, stratum).
  9. (transitive, now rare) To cause to swell or rise, especially in repeated exertions.
    The wind heaved the waves.
  10. (transitive, intransitive, nautical) To move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation.
    to heave the ship ahead
  11. (intransitive) To retch, to make an effort to vomit; to vomit.
    The smell of the old cheese was enough to make you heave.
  12. (intransitive) To make an effort to raise, throw, or move anything; to strain to do something difficult.
    • 1687, Francis Atterbury, a sermon, An Answer to some Considerations on the Spirit of Martin Luther, and the Original of the Reformation at Oxford
      She [The Church of England] had struggled and heaved at a reformation ever since Wickliff’s days.
  13. (obsolete, Britain, thieves’ cant) To rob; to steal from; to plunder.

Derived terms

  • heave in sight
  • heave to
  • overheave
  • two, six, heave or two six heave (see in Wikipedia)
  • upheave

Related terms

  • heavy
  • heft

Descendants

  • Danish: hive
  • Faroese: hiva
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: hiva, hive
  • Norwegian Bokmål: hive
  • Scanian: hyva
    Hallandian: hiva
  • Swedish: hiva
    Sudermannian: hyva
  • Westrobothnian: hyv

Translations

Noun

heave (plural heaves)

  1. An effort to raise something, such as a weight or one’s own body, or to move something heavy.
  2. An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, etc.
  3. A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode.
  4. (nautical) The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel goes up and down in a short period of time. Compare pitch.
  5. An effort to vomit; retching.
  6. (rare, only used attributively as in “heave line” or “heave horse”) Broken wind in horses.
  7. (cricket) A forceful shot in which the ball follows a high trajectory

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • hevea


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɛft/
  • Rhymes: -ɛft

Etymology 1

From Middle English heft, derived from Middle English heven (to lift, heave), equivalent to heave +‎ -t (-th). For development, compare English weft from weave, cleft from cleave, theft from thieve, etc.

Alternative forms

  • haft

Noun

heft (countable and uncountable, plural hefts)

  1. (uncountable) Weight.
    • 1859, Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown at Oxford
      a man of his age and heft
  2. Heaviness, the feel of weight; heftiness.
  3. The act or effort of heaving; violent strain or exertion.
  4. (US, dated, colloquial) The greater part or bulk of anything.
    • 1865, Adeline Dutton Train Whitney, The Gayworthys: a Story of Threads and Thrums
      The turkey’s nest was islanded with a fragrant swath , the “heft” of the crop noted and rejoiced over.
Derived terms
  • hefty
Translations

Verb

heft (third-person singular simple present hefts, present participle hefting, simple past and past participle hefted)

  1. (transitive) To lift up; especially, to lift something heavy.
    He hefted the sack of concrete into the truck.
  2. (transitive) To test the weight of something by lifting it.
  3. (obsolete) past participle of heave
Synonyms
  • (to lift up): hoist
Translations

Etymology 2

From English and Scots dialect, ultimately from Old Norse hefð (possession, statute of limitations, prescriptive right) (compare Old Norse hefða (to acquire prescriptive rights)), from Proto-Germanic *habiþō, equivalent to have +‎ -t (-th). Cognate with Scots heft, heff (an accustomed pasture).

Noun

heft (plural hefts)

  1. (Northern England) A piece of mountain pasture to which a farm animal has become hefted (accustomed).
  2. An animal that has become hefted thus.
  3. (West of Ireland) Poor condition in sheep caused by mineral deficiency.

Verb

heft (third-person singular simple present hefts, present participle hefting, simple past and past participle hefted)

  1. (transitive, Northern England and Scotland) To make (a farm animal, especially a flock of sheep) accustomed and attached to an area of mountain pasture.

Etymology 3

From German Heft (notebook).

Noun

heft (plural hefts)

  1. A number of sheets of paper fastened together, as for a notebook.
  2. A part of a serial publication.
    • 1900, The Nation Volume 70
      The size of “hefts” will depend on the material requiring attention, and the annual volume is to cost about 15 marks.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦɛft/
  • Hyphenation: heft
  • Rhymes: -ɛft

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch hefte, from Old Dutch *hefti, from Proto-Germanic *haftiją. Forms with -cht- were dominant in Middle Dutch.

Noun

heft n (plural heften, diminutive heftje n)

  1. handle of a knife or other tool, haft, hilt
  2. (metaphor, used absolutely: het heft) control, charge
    Synonyms: gevest, handgreep
Alternative forms
  • hecht
Derived terms
  • het heft in eigen handen nemen

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

heft

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of heffen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of heffen

Northern Kurdish

Etymology

From Proto-Iranian *haptá, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *saptá, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥. Compare Avestan ????????????????????(hapta), Persian هفت(haft), Ossetian авд (avd), Pashto اووه(uwə).

Numeral

heft

  1. seven

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From the verb hefte.

Noun

heft n (definite singular heftet, indefinite plural heft, definite plural hefta)

  1. encumberment

Verb

heft

  1. imperative of hefta and hefte

References

  • “heft” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Scots

Etymology

From Old Norse hefð.

Noun

heft

  1. A piece of mountain pasture to which a farm animal has become hefted.
  2. An animal that has become hefted thus.

Verb

heft (third-person singular present hefts, present participle heftin, past heftit, past participle heftit)

  1. (transitive) The process by which a farm animal becomes accustomed to an area of mountain pasture.

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