heavy vs overweight what difference

what is difference between heavy and overweight

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English hevy, heviȝ, from Old English hefiġ, hefeġ, hæfiġ (heavy; important, grave, severe, serious; oppressive, grievous; slow, dull), from Proto-West Germanic *habīg (heavy, hefty, weighty), from Proto-Germanic *habīgaz (heavy, hefty, weighty), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to take, grasp, hold).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hevʹi
  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /ˈhɛ.vi/
  • (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈhe.vi/
  • Rhymes: -ɛvi

Adjective

heavy (comparative heavier, superlative heaviest)

  1. (of a physical object) Having great weight.
  2. (of a topic) Serious, somber.
  3. Not easy to bear; burdensome; oppressive.
    • The hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod.
    • 1814, William Wordsworth, The Excursion
      Sent hither by my Husband to impart the heavy news.
  4. (Britain, slang, dated) Good.
  5. (dated, late 1960s, 1970s, US) Profound.
  6. (of a rate of flow) High, great.
    • 1998, Stanley George Clayton, “”Menstruation” in Encyclopedia Britannica
      The ovarian response to gonadotropic hormones may be erratic at first, so that irregular or heavy bleeding sometimes occurs
  7. (slang) Armed.
  8. (music) Louder, more distorted.
  9. (of weather) Hot and humid.
  10. (of a person) Doing the specified activity more intensely than most other people.
  11. (of food) High in fat or protein; difficult to digest.
  12. Of great force, power, or intensity; deep or intense.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter IV
      The surf was not heavy, and there was no undertow, so we made shore easily, effecting an equally easy landing.
  13. Laden to a great extent.
  14. Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened; bowed down, either with an actual burden, or with grief, pain, disappointment, etc.
    • 1613, William Browne, Britannia’s Pastorals
      Seating himselfe within a darkesome cave, / (Such places heavy Saturnists doe crave,) / Where yet the gladsome day was never seene []
  15. Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate, stupid.
    • a heavy, dull, degenerate mind
    • Neither [is] his ear heavy, that it cannot hear.
  16. Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey.
    a heavy road; a heavy soil
  17. Not raised or leavened.
  18. (of wines or spirits) Having much body or strength.
  19. (obsolete) With child; pregnant.
  20. (physics) Containing one or more isotopes that are heavier than the normal one.
  21. (petroleum) Having high viscosity.
Synonyms
  • sweer/swear
Antonyms
  • light
Derived terms

Pages starting with “heavy”.

Related terms
  • heave
  • heft
Translations

Adverb

heavy (comparative more heavy, superlative most heavy)

  1. In a heavy manner; weightily; heavily; gravely.
    heavy laden with their sins
  2. (colloquial, nonstandard) To a great degree; greatly.
  3. (India, colloquial) very
Derived terms
  • hang heavy
  • heavy-laden

Noun

heavy (plural heavies or heavys)

  1. A villain or bad guy; the one responsible for evil or aggressive acts.
    With his wrinkled, uneven face, the actor always seemed to play the heavy in films.
  2. (slang) A doorman, bouncer or bodyguard.
    A fight started outside the bar but the heavies came out and stopped it.
  3. (journalism, slang, chiefly in the plural) A newspaper of the quality press.
    • 1973, Allen Hutt, The changing newspaper (page 151)
      The comment may be offered here that the ‘heavies’ have been the Design Award’s principal scorers, both in the overall bronze plaque days and, since, in the Daily/Sunday Class 1.
    • 2006, Richard Keeble, The Newspapers Handbook
      Reviewers in the heavies aim to impress with the depth of their knowledge and appreciation.
  4. (Should we move, merge or split(+) this sense?) (aviation) A large multi-engined aircraft. (The term heavy normally follows the call-sign when used by air traffic controllers.)
Derived terms
  • brain heavy
  • dog heavy
Translations

Verb

heavy (third-person singular simple present heavies, present participle heavying, simple past and past participle heavied)

  1. (often with “up”) To make heavier. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. To sadden. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. (Australia, New Zealand, informal) To use power or wealth to exert influence on, e.g., governments or corporations; to pressure.
    The union was well known for the methods it used to heavy many businesses.
    • 1985, Australian House of Representatives, House of Representatives Weekly Hansard, Issue 11, Part 1, page 1570,
      [] the Prime Minister sought to evade the simple fact that he heavied Mr Reid to get rid of Dr Armstrong.
    • 2001, Finola Moorhead, Darkness More Visible, Spinifex Press, Australia, page 557,
      But he is on the wrong horse, heavying me. My phone′s tapped. Well, he won′t find anything.
    • 2005, David Clune, Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, 1856-2005, Volume 3: 1901-2005, page 421,
      But the next two days of the Conference also produced some very visible lobbying for the succession and apparent heavying of contenders like Brereton, Anderson and Mulock – much of it caught on television.

Etymology 2

heave +‎ -y

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhiːvi/

Adjective

heavy (comparative more heavy, superlative most heavy)

  1. Having the heaves.
    a heavy horse

See also

  • heavy cake

References

  • heavy at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Havey, Yahve

German

Etymology

From English heavy.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛvi/

Adjective

heavy (not comparable)

  1. (predicative, colloquial, probably slightly dated) heavy; intense; serious; shocking (extraordinary, especially in a bad way)
    Synonyms: heftig, krass, nicht ohne, ein starkes Stück

Spanish

Etymology

From English heavy (metal).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxebi/, [ˈxe.β̞i]

Adjective

heavy (plural heavys)

  1. heavy (pertaining to heavy metal)
  2. heavy (intense)
  3. (Dominican Republic, informal) cool


English

Etymology

over- +‎ weight

Pronunciation

  • (adjective):
    • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌəʊvəˈweɪt/
    • (US) enPR: ō’vər-wātʹ, IPA(key): /ˌoʊvɚˈweɪt/
  • (noun):
    • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈəʊvəweɪt/
    • (US) enPR: ōʹvər-wāt, IPA(key): /ˈoʊvɚweɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt

Adjective

overweight (comparative more overweight, superlative most overweight)

  1. (of a person) Having a higher weight, especially body fat, than what is generally considered healthy for a given body type and height.
  2. (transport, law, of a vehicle) Weighing more than what is allowed for safety or legal commerce.
    • 1988, U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Gearing Up for Safety: Motor Carrier Safety in a Competitive Environment, →ISBN, page 38,
      All States allow oversized vehicles if a special permit is obtained, although most States will grant overweight permits only for non-divisible loads.
    • 1993, Legacy in the Sand: Chemical Command in Operations Desert Shield & Desert Storm, →ISBN, page 74,
      He got as far as the first weigh station, where troopers found his truck to be overweight and threatened to pull him off the road.
    • 1998, Collision of Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District Train 102, →ISBN, page 48,
      Postaccident examination of the vehicle indicated, for example, that the driver had not adequately maintained his logbook and that his vehicle had been overweight for travel in Indiana.
  3. (investment, finance, followed by a noun or prepositional phrase indicating a security or type of security) Having a portfolio relatively heavily invested in.

Synonyms

  • (of a person): fat, morbidly obese, obese, overnourished (often euphemistic)
  • See also Thesaurus:obese

Antonyms

  • underweight

Translations

Noun

overweight (countable and uncountable, plural overweights)

  1. (uncountable, chiefly transport, law) An excess of weight.
    • 1976, Acts of the Legislature of Louisiana, volume 1, page 445:
  2. (uncountable, healthcare) The condition of being overweight.
    • [] and shall pay not only the amount of the permit fee for overlength, overheight, overwidth or overweight as might be due, but an additional civil penalty of fifty dollars for the first offense, one hundred dollars for the second offense and one hundred fifty dollars for each additional offense; []
    • 2007, Josephine Martin, Charlotte Oakley, Managing child nutrition programs: leadership for excellence, page 462:
      SCHOOL MEAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN AT RISK FOR OVERWEIGHT
  3. (countable) An overweight person.
  4. (countable, investment, finance) A security or class of securities in which one has a heavy concentration.
    Apple common stock is one of our overweights.

Synonyms

  • (of a person): adiposity, obesity

Antonyms

  • underweight

Translations

Verb

overweight (third-person singular simple present overweights, present participle overweighting, simple past and past participle overweighted)

  1. (transitive) To weigh down: to put too heavy a burden on.
  2. (transitive) To place excessive weight or emphasis on; to overestimate the importance of. [from 17th c.]

Antonyms

  • underweight

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