hedge vs hedging what difference

what is difference between hedge and hedging



  • enPR: hĕj, IPA(key): /hɛdʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛdʒ

Etymology 1

From Middle English hegge, from Old English heċġ, from Proto-West Germanic *haggju, from Proto-Germanic *hagjō, from Proto-Indo-European *kagʰyóm. Cognate with Dutch heg, German Hecke. Doublet of quay. More at haw.


hedge (plural hedges)

  1. A thicket of bushes or other shrubbery, especially one planted as a fence between two portions of land, or to separate the parts of a garden.
  2. A barrier (often consisting of a line of persons or objects) to protect someone or something from harm.
    • 1611, King James Version, Job 1:9–10:
      Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land.
  3. (Britain, West Country, chiefly Devon and Cornwall) A mound of earth, stone- or turf-faced, often topped with bushes, used as a fence between any two portions of land.
  4. (pragmatics) A non-committal or intentionally ambiguous statement.
    Coordinate term: weasel word
  5. (finance) Contract or arrangement reducing one’s exposure to risk (for example the risk of price movements or interest rate movements).
  6. (Britain, Ireland, noun adjunct) Used attributively, with figurative indication of a person’s upbringing, or professional activities, taking place by the side of the road; third-rate.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, Folio Society 1973, p.639:
      He then traced them from place to place, till at last he found two of them drinking together, with a third person, at a hedge-tavern near Aldersgate.
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English heggen, from the noun (see above).


hedge (third-person singular simple present hedges, present participle hedging, simple past and past participle hedged)

  1. (transitive) To enclose with a hedge or hedges.
  2. (transitive) To obstruct or surround.
    • 1769, King James Bible, Hosea 2.6
      Therefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths.
    • 1670, John Milton, The History of Britain
      Lollius Urbius [] drew another wall [] to hedge out incursions from the north.
  3. (transitive, finance) To offset the risk associated with.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To avoid verbal commitment.
  5. (intransitive) To construct or repair a hedge.
  6. (intransitive, finance) To reduce one’s exposure to risk.
Derived terms

Further reading

  • hedge on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Hedge on investopedia.com


  • Ghede, Hegde

Middle English



  1. Alternative form of hegge



  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛdʒɪŋ/



  1. present participle of hedge


hedging (plural hedgings)

  1. The act of one who hedges (in various senses)
  2. Any plant used to form a hedge
  3. (pragmatics, composition) The use of intentionally ambiguous statements

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