heel vs list what difference

what is difference between heel and list

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hiːl/
  • Rhymes: -iːl
  • Homophones: heal, he’ll, hill (in some dialects)

Etymology 1

From Middle English hele, from Old English hēla, from Proto-Germanic *hanhilaz (compare North Frisian hael, Dutch hiel, Danish and Norwegian hæl, Swedish häl), diminutive of Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (heel), equivalent to hock +‎ -le. More at hock.

Noun

heel (plural heels)

  1. (anatomy) The rear part of the foot, where it joins the leg.
    • 1709, John Denham, Coopers-Hill
      He [the stag] calls to mind his strength and then his speed, / His winged heels and then his armed head.
  2. The part of a shoe’s sole which supports the foot’s heel.
  3. The rear part of a sock or similar covering for the foot.
  4. The part of the palm of a hand closest to the wrist.
  5. (usually in the plural) A woman’s high-heeled shoe.
  6. (firearms) The back, upper part of the stock.
  7. The last or lowest part of anything.
    • 1860, Anthony Trollope, Framley Parsonage
      And then again the sportsmen would move at an undertaker’s pace, when the fox had traversed and the hounds would be at a loss to know which was the hunt and which was the heel
  8. (US, Ireland, Australia) A crust end-piece of a loaf of bread.
  9. (US) The base of a bun sliced in half lengthwise.
  10. A contemptible, unscrupulous, inconsiderate or thoughtless person.
    • 1953, Raymond Chandler, The Long Goodbye, Chapter 29:
      I grinned at him sneeringly. I was the heel to end all heels. Wait until the man is down, then kick him and kick him again. He’s weak. He can’t resist or kick back.
  11. (slang, professional wrestling) A headlining wrestler regarded as a “bad guy,” whose ring persona embodies villainous or reprehensible traits and demonstrates characteristics of a braggart and a bully.
  12. (card games) The cards set aside for later use in a patience or solitaire game.
  13. Anything resembling a human heel in shape; a protuberance; a knob.
  14. (architecture) The lower end of a timber in a frame, as a post or rafter.
  15. (specifically, US) The obtuse angle of the lower end of a rafter set sloping.
  16. (architecture, workman slang) A cyma reversa.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)
  17. (carpentry) The short side of an angled cut.
  18. (golf) The part of a club head’s face nearest the shaft.
  19. The lower end of the bit (cutting edge) of an axehead; as opposed to the toe (upper end).
  20. In a carding machine, the part of a flat nearest the cylinder.
Synonyms
  • (end of bread): ender, outsider (Scotland)
Antonyms
  • (headlining wrestler): babyface
  • (angled cut in carpentry): toe
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

heel (third-person singular simple present heels, present participle heeling, simple past and past participle heeled)

  1. To follow at somebody’s heels; to chase closely.
  2. To add a heel to, or increase the size of the heel of (a shoe or boot).
  3. To kick with the heel.
  4. (transitive) To perform by the use of the heels, as in dancing, running, etc.
  5. (transitive) To arm with a gaff, as a cock for fighting.
  6. (golf, transitive) To hit (the ball) with the heel of the club.
  7. (American football, transitive) To make (a fair catch) standing with one foot forward, the heel on the ground and the toe up.
Translations

Etymology 2

Probably inferred from the past tense of hield, from Middle English heelden, from Old English hyldan, hieldan (to incline), cognate with Old Norse hella (to pour out) (whence Danish hælde (lean, pour)).

Verb

heel (third-person singular simple present heels, present participle heeling, simple past and past participle heeled)

  1. (chiefly nautical) To incline to one side; to tilt. [from 16th c.]
Translations

Noun

heel (plural heels)

  1. (nautical) The act of inclining or canting from a vertical position; a cant. [from 17th c.]
    • 1808–10, William Hickey, Memoirs of a Georgian Rake, Folio Society 1995, p. 14:
      [T]he boat, from a sudden gust of wind, taking a deep heel, I tumbled overboard and down I went [] .
Synonyms
  • heeling

Etymology 3

See hele (conceal, keep secret, cover).

Verb

heel (third-person singular simple present heels, present participle heeling, simple past and past participle heeled)

  1. (rare, now especially in the phrase “heel in”) Alternative form of hele (cover; conceal).
    • 1911, Biennial Report of the State Geologist, North Carolina Geological Survey Section, page 92:
      They should be dug up with a sharp mattock or grub hoe, the roots being broken as little as possible, and they should be heeled in a a cool place and protected from the sun until ready to plant. When lifted for planting from the trench in which heeled the roots should be kept covered with a wet sack.
    • 1913, Indian School Journal, page 142:
      In the late fall the seedlings may be dug and heeled in very closely until all the leaves have dropped.
    • 1916, Transactions of the Indiana Horticultural Society, page 111:
      Member: Did you water the trees when you set them out?
      Walter Vonnegut: No; I heeled the trees in as soon as they were received.
    • 1937, Robert Wilson, Ernest John George, Planting and care of shelterbelts on the northern Great Plains, page 15:
      If trees are received from the nursery in the fall, they should be carefully heeled in until the planting season opens in the spring.
    • 1976, Keith W. Dorman, The Genetics and Breeding of Southern Pines, page 66:
      Place seedlings in the trench. Small-stemmed seedlings may be heeled-in in bunches of 25, but large seedlings should be heeled-in loose.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Brian Kerr, Lodge St Lawrence 144 Ritual, page 34:
      [I] of my own free will and accord, do hereby, here at and hereon, solemnly swear that I will always heel, conceal and never improperly reveal any of the secrets or mysteries of, or belonging to [the Masons].

Anagrams

  • Ehle, Hele, hele

Afar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈheːl/
  • Hyphenation: heel

Noun

héel m 

  1. cardamom

References

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 84

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɦeːl/
  • Hyphenation: heel
  • Rhymes: -eːl

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch hêel, from Old Dutch hēl, from Proto-West Germanic *hail, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz.

Adjective

heel (comparative heler, superlative heelst)

  1. complete, full, whole
  2. unbroken, undamaged, untarnished
  3. big, enormous, significant
Inflection
Synonyms
  • gans
  • volledig
Derived terms
  • geheel
  • helen
Related terms
  • heil
Descendants
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: hele
  • Negerhollands: heel, hele, helle
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: helwel, he

Adverb

heel

  1. very
Usage notes

Although an adverb, heel may be inflected as well (hele) to match the following adjective, by analogy with the inflection of adjectives in Dutch. This can, however, only be done when the adjective is inflected as well.

For example, both of these sentences are correct:

But of the following sentences, only the first one is correct:

The form with “hele” may be regarded as informal and less appropriate for formal writing.

Descendants
  • Jersey Dutch: hêl,

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

heel

  1. first-person singular present indicative of helen
  2. imperative of helen

Anagrams

  • hele

Luxembourgish

Verb

heel

  1. second-person singular imperative of heelen

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch hēl, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz.

Adjective

hêel

  1. whole, full
  2. undamaged, unbroken
  3. healthy, healed
  4. honest, sincere, pure

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

  • Dutch: heel

Further reading

  • “heel (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “heel (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page II


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɪst/
  • Rhymes: -ɪst
  • Homophone: Liszt

Etymology 1

From Middle English lī̆st, lī̆ste (band, stripe; hem, selvage; border, edge, rim; list, specification; barriers enclosing area for jousting, etc.), from Old English līste (hem, edge, strip), or Old French liste, listre (border; band; strip of paper; list), or Medieval Latin lista, all from Proto-Germanic *līstǭ (band, strip; hem, selvage; border, edge), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *leys- (to trace, track). The word is cognate with Dutch lijst (list), Finnish lista ((informal) list; batten), Galician lista (band, strip; list), German Leiste (ledge; (heraldry) bar), Icelandic lista, listi, Italian lista (list; strip), Portuguese lista (list), Spanish lista (list, roll; stripe), Swedish lista (list).

Noun

list (plural lists)

  1. A strip of fabric, especially from the edge of a piece of cloth.
  2. Material used for cloth selvage.
  3. A register or roll of paper consisting of a compilation or enumeration of a set of possible items; the compilation or enumeration itself. [from 1600]
  4. (in the plural, historical) The barriers or palisades used to fence off a space for jousting or tilting tournaments.
    • c. 1595, William Shakespeare, Richard II, Act I, Scene 3,[4]
      On pain of death, no person be so bold
      Or daring-hardy as to touch the lists,
      Except the marshal and such officers
      Appointed to direct these fair designs.
  5. (computing, programming) A codified representation of a list used to store data or in processing; especially, in the Lisp programming language, a data structure consisting of a sequence of zero or more items.
  6. (architecture) A little square moulding; a fillet or listel.
  7. (carpentry) A narrow strip of wood, especially sapwood, cut from the edge of a board or plank.
  8. (ropemaking) A piece of woollen cloth with which the yarns are grasped by a worker.
  9. (tin-plate manufacture) The first thin coating of tin; a wire-like rim of tin left on an edge of the plate after it is coated.
  10. (obsolete) A stripe.
  11. (obsolete) A boundary or limit; a border.
Synonyms
  • (enumeration or compilation of items): see Thesaurus:list
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

list (third-person singular simple present lists, present participle listing, simple past and past participle listed)

  1. (transitive) To create or recite a list.
  2. (transitive) To place in listings.
  3. (transitive) To sew together, as strips of cloth, so as to make a show of colours, or to form a border.
  4. (transitive) To cover with list, or with strips of cloth; to put list on; to stripe as if with list.
  5. (transitive, agriculture) To plough and plant with a lister.
  6. (transitive, agriculture, chiefly Southern US) To prepare (land) for a cotton crop by making alternating beds and alleys with a hoe.
  7. (transitive, carpentry) To cut away a narrow strip, as of sapwood, from the edge of.
  8. (transitive, military) To enclose (a field, etc.) for combat.
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To engage a soldier, etc.; to enlist.
  10. (intransitive, obsolete) To engage in public service by enrolling one’s name; to enlist.
Synonyms
  • (create or recite a list): tabulate; see also Thesaurus:tick off
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English list, liste (ability, cleverness, cunning, skill; adroitness, dexterity; strategem, trick; device, design, token), from Old English list (art, craft; cleverness, cunning, experience, skill), from Proto-Germanic *listiz (art, craft), from Proto-Indo-European *leys-, *leyǝs- (furrow, trace, track, trail). The word is cognate with Dutch list (artifice, guile, sleight; ruse, strategem), German List (cunning, guile; ploy, ruse, trick), Low German list (artifice, cunning; prudence, wisdom), Icelandic list (art), Saterland Frisian list (cunning, knowledge), Scots list (art, craft, skill; cunning), Swedish list (art; cunning, guile, wile; ruse, trick; stealth), and possibly Spanish listo (clever). It is also related to learn, lore.

Noun

list (uncountable)

  1. (archaic) Art; craft; cunning; skill.
Synonyms
  • See Thesaurus:cunning

Etymology 3

Clipping of list(en).

Verb

list (third-person singular simple present lists, present participle listing, simple past and past participle list)

  1. (intransitive, poetic) To listen.
  2. (transitive, poetic) To listen to.
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English listen, list, liste, leste, lesten (to choose, desire, wish (to do something)), from Old English lystan, from Proto-Germanic *lustijaną, from Proto-Germanic *lustuz (pleasure). The word is cognate with Danish lyste (to desire, feel like, want), Dutch lusten (to appreciate, like; to lust), Faroese lysta (to desire), Old Norse lyste (to desire; to lust), Old High German lusten (modern German gelüsten and lüsten).

The noun sense is from the verb, or from Middle English list, liste, lest, leste (desire, wish; craving, longing; enjoyment, joy, pleasure), which is derived from Middle English listen, list (verb).

Verb

list (third-person singular simple present lists, present participle listing, simple past and past participle listed)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To be pleasing to.
  2. (transitive, archaic) To desire, like, or wish (to do something).
Derived terms
  • listful
  • listless
Translations

Noun

list

  1. (obsolete) Desire, inclination.

Etymology 5

Origin uncertain; possibly from tilting on lists in jousts, or from Etymology 4 in the sense of inclining towards what one desires.

Noun

list (plural lists)

  1. (architecture) A tilt to a building.
  2. (nautical) A careening or tilting to one side, usually not intentionally or under a vessel’s own power. [from early 17th c.]
Translations

Verb

list (third-person singular simple present lists, present participle listing, simple past and past participle listed)

  1. (transitive, nautical) To cause (something) to tilt to one side. [from early 17th c.]
  2. (intransitive, nautical) To tilt to one side. [from early 17th c.]
Translations

References

Further reading

  • list (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • &lits, lits, silt, slit, tils

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɪst]

Noun

list m inan

  1. leaf (green and flat organ of vegetative plants)
  2. (archaic) letter (written message)
    Synonyms: dopis, psaní
  3. sheet (sheet of paper)
  4. newspaper
  5. certificate (document containing a certified statement)

Declension

Derived terms

See also

  • doklad
  • dokument

Further reading

  • list in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • list in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Noun

list c (singular definite listen, not used in plural form)

  1. cunning, trick

Verb

list

  1. imperative of liste

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch list, from Old Dutch list, from Proto-Germanic *listiz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɪst/
  • Hyphenation: list
  • Rhymes: -ɪst

Noun

list f (plural listen, diminutive listje n)

  1. a cunning plan, a ruse, a trick

Derived terms

  • listig

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: lis
  • Negerhollands: list

Anagrams

  • silt, stil

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɪst/
  • Rhymes: -ɪst
  • Homophone: lyst

Noun

list f (genitive singular listar, plural listir)

  1. art

Declension


Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɪst/
  • Rhymes: -ɪst
  • Homophone: lyst

Noun

list f (genitive singular listar, nominative plural listir)

  1. art

Declension

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • slit

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /list/, [lʲist]

Noun

list m (diminutive listk)

  1. leaf, foliage
  2. letter (a written message)

Declension


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse list

Noun

list m or f (definite singular lista or listen)

  1. cunning, craftiness, slyness
  2. skirting board

Etymology 2

Verb

list

  1. imperative of liste

References

  • “list” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse list

Noun

list f (definite singular lista)

  1. cunning, craftiness, slyness

References

  • “list” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *listiz. Cognate with Old Saxon list, Dutch list, Old High German list (German List), Old Norse list (Swedish list).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /list/

Noun

list f

  1. art; cunning, guile, craft

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: liste
    • Scots: list
    • English: list

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse list, from Proto-Germanic *listiz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /list/

Noun

list f

  1. skill, proficiency
  2. art, craft
  3. cunning, slyness
  4. resort

Declension

Descendants

  • Swedish: list

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lʲist/

Noun

list m inan (diminutive liścik)

  1. letter (a written message)

Declension

Derived terms

  • listonosz

Noun

list

  1. genitive plural of lista

Further reading

  • list in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lîːst/

Noun

lȋst m (Cyrillic spelling ли̑ст)

  1. leaf
    Synonym: lȉska
  2. (computing) leaf
  3. sheet (of paper or other material manufactured in thin sheets)
  4. a special purpose certificate (any official document attesting a fact, e.g. of birth, ownership etc.)
  5. newsletter, newspaper
  6. (obsolete) letter (written message)
  7. calf (leg part)
  8. sole, flatfish (fish species)
  9. (card games) leaves

Declension

See also

Related terms

  • lišće

References

  • “list” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlist/

Noun

list m (genitive singular listu, lista, nominative plural listy, genitive plural listov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. letter; a written message
  2. leaf; a part of a tree
  3. sheet; a piece of paper

Declension

Derived terms

  • listový
  • lístok
  • lístkový
  • lístoček
  • listisko

Further reading

  • list in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *listъ (leaf).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /líːst/

Noun

lȋst m inan

  1. piece of paper
  2. leaf
  3. sole
  4. (anatomy) calf (leg part)

Inflection

Related terms

  • lístje

Further reading

  • list”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish list, from Old Norse list, from Proto-Germanic *listiz, from Proto-Indo-European *leys-, *leyǝs-. Cognate with Icelandic list.

Noun

list c

  1. smartness, trick, cunning
Declension
Related terms
  • listig

See also

  • lust

Etymology 2

From Old Swedish lista, probably from Middle Low German lîste, from Proto-Germanic *līstǭ. Cognate with Danish liste, Icelandic lista.

Noun

list c

  1. a strip (of wood or metal, a thin and long board), a border, a beading
  2. (graphical user interface) a bar
Declension
Derived terms
  • golvlist
  • kromlist
  • statuslist

See also

  • lista

References

  • list in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)

Anagrams

  • lits, silt, slit, stil

Upper Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *listъ (leaf).

Noun

list m

  1. letter

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